This Day in History September 8th

This day in historySeptember 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 114 days remaining until the end of the year.

Holidays

General events on September 8th

In 1810, The Tonquin sets sail from New York Harbor with 33 employees of John Jacob Astor‘s newly created Pacific Fur Company on board. After a six-month journey around the tip of South America, the ship arrives at the mouth of the Columbia River and Astor’s men establish the fur-trading town of Astoria, Oregon.

In 1866, James and Jennie Bushnell became the proud parents of sextuplets on this day, in Chicago, IL. Three boys and three girls were born. Though two babies died, the surviving four lived long lives. This was the first recorded birth of sextuplets.
In 1883, the Northern Pacific Railroad was joined between Garrison and Gold Creek, MT, linking St. Paul, MN, to Seattle, WA as the last spike was driven. Former president Ulysses S. Grant drove in the final “golden spike” in an event attended by rail and political luminaries.
In 1892, “The Pledge of Allegiance” first appeared in “The Youth’s Companion.” It went: “I pledge allegiance to my flag and to the republic for which it stands; one nation, [Under God (was added later)], indivisible, with Liberty and justice for all.” Francis Bellamy wrote the pledge in honor of the 400th anniversary of Columbus’s arrival in America.
In 1971, The Kennedy Center for the performing arts, a new cultural center named after President John F. Kennedy, opened in Washington, D.C. with a performance of Leonard Bernstein’s “Mass.”
In 1988, two nuclear-missile rocket motors were destroyed at an army ammunition plant in Karnack, Texas. They were the the first U.S. weapons to be eliminated under an arms reduction treaty with the Soviet Union.
In 1990, Ellis Island Historical Site opens on Eliis Island, NYC.
In 1997, America Online acquired CompuServe.

In 2005, Two EMERCOM Il-76 aircraft land at a disaster aid staging area at Little Rock Air Force Base; the first time Russia has flown such a mission to North America.

Government and Politics on September 8th

In 1264, The Statute of Kalisz, guaranteeing Jews safety and personal liberties and giving battei din jurisdiction over Jewish matters, is promulgated by Boleslaus the Pious, Duke of Greater Poland.

In 1858, in a speech in Clinton, Illinois, President Lincoln said, “If you once forfeit the confidence of your fellow citizens, you can never regain their respect and esteem. It is true that you may fool all the people some of the time; you can even fool some of the people all the time; but you can’t fool all of the people all the time.”
In 1893, Women in New Zealand won the right to vote
In 1920, New York-to-San Francisco air mail service was inaugurated.
In 1926, League of Nations Assembly voted unanimously to admit Germany.
In 1935, Sen. Huey P. Long, the “Kingfish” of Louisiana politics, was shot and mortally wounded by Dr. Carl A. Weiss inside the state Capitol in Baton Rouge. He died two days later.
In 1939, President Franklin D. Roosevelt declared a “limited national emergency” in response to the outbreak of war in Europe.
In 1945, Hideki Tojo, Japanese prime minister during most of World War Two, attempted suicide rather than face a war crimes tribunal. The attempt failed but he was later found guilty and hanged.
In 1951, Japan signs peace treaty with 48 countries (SF).
In 1961, COVER OF TIME Soviet Premier KHRUSHCHEV
In 1967, Uganda abolishes traditional tribal kingdoms, becomes a republic.
In 1969, COVER OF NEWSWEEK Attorney General John Mitchell
In 1974, President Gerald Ford granted “a full, free and absolute” unconditional pardon to former President Richard Nixon of all federal crimes he may have committed while in office.
In 1975, Boston’s public schools began their court-ordered citywide busing program amid scattered incidents of violence.
In 1987, Former Democratic presidential candidate Gary Hart admitted during an interview on ABC’s “Nightline” that he had committed adultery and said he had no plans to resume his White House bid.
In 1989, Former President Reagan underwent surgery at the Mayo Clinic in Minnesota to relieve a build-up of fluid in his brain that was apparently caused by a horse-riding accident.
In 1992, 10 years ago, in a case that prompted federal laws against carjacking, Pam Basu of Savage, Maryland, was dragged to her death after being forced from her car.
In 1993, Today in Late Show w/ Letterman History: Vice President Al Gore scores big laughs as he effectively mixes comedy and politics by reading off his own Top Ten List of “The Best Things About Being Vice President.” Later, he dons eye goggles and smashes ashtrays with a hammer in a demonstration of burdening government safety testing rules.
In 1993, the Senate approved President Clinton’s national-service bill, which would give participants grants for taking part in community service work.
In 1994, Lt. Col. Randy W. May charged with negligent homicide in the April 14 downing of two U.S. helicopters over Iraq.
In 1994, Jeb Bush, the son of former President Bush, won the Republican gubernatorial primary in Florida. Two months later, he lost the election to incumbent Democratic Gov. Lawton Chiles.
In 1995, Sen. Bob Packwood, R-Oregon, announced he would resign, effective Oct. 1, in the face of allegations of sexual misconduct and influence peddling.
In 1998, the Justice Department opened a preliminary inquiry into President Clinton’s participation in Democratic fundraising for the 1996 re-election campaign.
In 1999, Former New Jersey Senator Bill Bradley officially kicked off his campaign for the Democratic presidential nomination with a rally in his hometown of Crystal City, Missouri.
In 2000, World leaders ended the United Nations Millennium Summit with a pledge to solve humankind’s problems, including poverty, war, AIDS, pollution and human rights abuses.
In 2000, The head of the Bureau of Indian Affairs apologized for the federal agency’s “legacy of racism and inhumanity” that included massacres, forced relocations of tribes and attempts to wipe out Indian cultures.

In 2007, In an effort to make the city of Jackson the best it can be, LANA, Lambuth Area Neighborhood Association, started preparing for a long term relationship with the city of Jackson. Scott Parish sent this to me as the City Councilman and I wholly approved of the work he and his staff are proposing. There were sub committees proposed that fall under Government Affairs for LANA. Though Lambuth College’s Public Relations Director  and I don’t agree that two of them should be in this category I think they must begin here to be fostered and grown.

1) CERT

  Train and prepare for disaster response.

2) City Code Relations

a) collect resident complaints of property code violations
b) monitor violations and resolved violations
c) report possible violations and resolutions
d) maintain database of property owners
e) maintain database of reported violations

3) Friendship (the Meet and Greet guys)

a) welcome new residents into LANA
b) provide new and existing residents with information of how to become   involved with LANA
c) make available and distribute specific information that is additional to   the LANA newsletter
d) maintain a working relationship with LANA Communications Committee to   improve involvement among LANA residents

4) Community Improvement ( the “I’m glad you are my mayor. What have you done for me lately?” guys)

Some of the projects were here

a) petition for sidewalk repairs and additions
b) petition to have streets blocked that should not be pass through
c) find support for area wide Wi Fi
d) Work with TVA on “green power incentives”
e) petition for additional signage as needed (children playing, stop signs,   traffic lights)
f) undertake other large scale projects that would contribute to LANA being a safer, cleaner, more family oriented community.

By 2010 none of these programs were still on the burners of LANA, directorship had changed.

War, Crime and Disaster events on September 8th

In 70, Roman forces under Titus sack Jerusalem.

In 617, Battle of Huoyi: Li Yuan defeats a Sui Dynasty army, opening the path to his capture of the imperial capital Chang’an and the eventual establishment of the Tang Dynasty.

In 1380, Battle of KulikovoRussian forces defeat a mixed army of Tatars and Mongols, stopping their advance.

In 1565, The Knights of Malta lift the Turkish siege of Malta that began on May 18.

In 1655, Warsaw falls without resistance to a small force under the command of Charles X Gustav of Sweden during The Deluge, making it the first time the city is captured by a foreign army.

In 1664, The settlement of New Amsterdam was seized from Dutch governor Peter Stuyvesant by the English under Colonel Richard Nicholls without a shot being fired. It was later renamed New York after James, Duke of York, the future King James II.

In 1727, A barn fire during a puppet show in the village of Burwell in Cambridgeshire, England kills 78 people, many of whom are children.

In 1755, French and Indian War: Battle of Lake George.

In 1756, French and Indian War: Kittanning Expedition.
In 1760, England’s Jeffrey Amherst accepts the final surrender of the French Army at Montreal, ending the French-Indian War. (Canada falls under English rule; the war continues in other parts of the world until Feb. 10, 1763.).

In 1781, American Revolutionary War: The Battle of Eutaw Springs in South Carolina, the war’s last significant battle in the Southern theater, ends in a narrow British tactical victory.

In 1793, French Revolutionary Wars: Battle of Hondschoote.

In 1796, French Revolutionary Wars: Battle of Bassano – French forces defeat Austrian troops at Bassano del Grappa.

In 1860, The Steamship Lady Elgin sinks on Lake Michigan, with the loss of around 300 lives.

In 1863, American Civil War: Second Battle of Sabine Pass – on the Texas-Louisiana border at the mouth of the Sabine River, a small Confederate force thwarts a Union invasion of Texas.
In 1888, Annie Chapman was found disemboweled in an East London street, the second victim of “Jack The Ripper.”
In 1899, British government sends an additional 10,000 troops to Natal South Africa.
In 1900, a hurricane strikes Galveston, Texas, killing between 6,000 and 7,200 people, mainly in a 20-foot-high tidal surge (the deadliest storm in U.S. history).
In 1934, 134 people lost their lives in a fire aboard the liner Morro Castle off the Asbury Park, New Jersey coast.
In 1941, In World War II, the blockade of Leningrad began as the German army encircled the city, cutting it off from the rest of the country. The siege lasted until January 1944, with almost one million civilians being killed.
In 1943, during World War II, Gen. Dwight E. Eisenhower publicly announced Italy’s surrender (they had signed a secret surrender five days earlier), a decision denounced by Nazi Germany as a cowardly act.
In 1944, Russians march into Bulgaria; Bulgaria declares war on Germany.
In 1944, the Nazis’ new remote-controlled rockets, the V-2’s, are first directed at London (the first strike in the suburb of Barnes) and Antwerp.
In 1945, US invades Japanese-held Korea.
In 1951, a peace treaty with Japan was signed by 48 other nations in San Francisco.
In 1965, Hurricane Betsy kills 75 in Louisiana & Florida.
In 1975, Yep, he’s gay. So says Time Magazine cover boy, Air Force sergeant Leonard Matlovich, who’s suing to be reinstated into military services.
In 1990, President Bush and Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev arrived in Helsinki, Finland, for a one-day summit sparked by the Persian Gulf crisis.
In 1992, President Bush asked Congress to provide more than $7.6 billion dollars to help Hurricane Andrew recovery efforts.
In 1992, three people were killed when a spark from a welding torch apparently touched off an explosion in a Kansas City, Mo., storage tank.
In 1994, A US-Air Boeing 737 crashed into a ravine as it was approaching Pittsburgh International Airport, killing all 132 people on board.
In 1995, Monsoon rains blanket northern India, raising the death toll in a week of flooding to more than 400 people.
In 1996, Okinawans voted more than 10-to-1 in favor of a reduction of U.S. military bases on their islands, in a referendum aimed at pressuring Washington to pull out its troops.
In 1997, as many as 400 people drowned when the packed ferry La Fierte Gonavienne went down in 120 feet of water 50 yards off Montrouis on the Gulf of Gonave.
In 1997, a Haitian ferry, the “Pride of Gonave (gaw-NAHV’),” capsized, killing about three-quarters of the 200 people aboard.

In 2004, NASA’s unmanned spacecraft Genesis crash-lands when its parachute fails to open

Royalty and Religious events on September 8th

In 1157, Richard I, Coeur de Lion (the Lion Heart) born. He became king of England in 1189. He took the vow of the crusader and travelled to the Holy Land with Philip II of France, conquering Cyprus on the way.

In 1331, Stephen Uroš IV Dušan declares himself king of Serbia
In 1483, Richard the Third was crowned King of England. Richard — England’s last York’s King — was one of history’s great villains. He schemed his way to the throne…and probably murdered two young princes in the process.

In 1831, William IV and Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen are crowned King and Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
In 1945, Bess Myerson of New York was crowned Miss America in Atlantic City, N.J., becoming the first Jewish contestant to win the title.

Human Achievement and Science events on September 8th

In 1522, Spanish navigator Juan de Elcano returned to Spain, completing the first circumnavigation of the globe with an expedition that began under Ferdinand Magellan.
In 1565, Spanish naval officer Pedro Menendez de Aviles establishes the first permanent European settlement in North America at what is now St. Augustine, Florida, and the first American Roman Catholic parish is established there.
In 1771, the Mission San Gabriel Archangel is founded in California.
In 1906, Robert Turner invents the automatic typewriter return carriage.
In 1930, Scotch tape was developed by Richard Drew. I’m not sure why he named it Scotch, but the name stuck.
In 1960, NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, was dedicated by President Dwight D. Eisenhower. This followed the activation of the facility in July of 1960, when a key element of the U.S. Army’s Ballistic Missile Agency was transferred from the Department of Defense to NASA. The Marshall Center is named in honor of General George C. Marshall, who was the Army Chief of Staff during World War II, U.S. Secretary of State, and a Nobel Prize winner for his post-World War II “Marshall Plan.”
In 1961, in a report in the “Journal of the American Medical Association”, it is held that there is statistical evidence connecting smoking and heart disease.
In 1967, Surveyor 5 launched; makes soft landing on Moon Sept 10.

Arts and Prose events on September 8th

In 1504, Michelangelo’s “David” first shown
In 1930, the comic strip “Blondie” first appeared in newspapers.
In 1952, the Ernest Hemingway novel “The Old Man and the Sea” was first published.
In 1976, artist Christo unveils his $2 million, 24-mile environmental art work, “The Running Fence”.
In 1985, “USA Weekend’s” first issue, competing with “Parade”, appears in 255 newspapers.

%d bloggers like this: