This Day in History September 10th

This day in historySeptember 10 is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 112 days remaining until the end of the year.

Holidays

History

In 506, The bishops of Visigothic Gaul meet in the Council of Agde.

In 1419,  John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy is assassinated by adherents of the Dauphin, the future Charles VII of France.

In 1509,  An earthquake known as “The Lesser Judgment Day” hits Constantinople.

In 1515,  Thomas Wolsey is invested as a Cardinal

In 1547,  The Battle of Pinkie Cleugh, the last full-scale military confrontation between England and Scotland, resulting in a decisive victory for the forces of Edward VI.

In 1561,  Fourth Battle of KawanakajimaTakeda Shingen defeats Uesugi Kenshin in the climax of their ongoing conflicts.

In 1570,  Spanish Jesuit missionaries land in present-day Virginia to establish the short-lived Ajacán Mission.

In 1608,  John Smith is elected council president of Jamestown, Virginia.

In 1659, Henry Purcell, English composer was born this day (d. 1695)

In 1776,  American Revolutionary War: Nathan Hale volunteers to spy for the Continental Army.

In 1798,  At the Battle of St. George’s Caye, British Honduras defeats Spain.

In 1813,  The United States defeats the British Fleet at the Battle of Lake Erie during the War of 1812.

In 1823,  Simón Bolívar is named President of Peru.

In 1839, Isaac K. Funk, American minister and publisher, co-founded Funk & Wagnalls was born this day. (d. 1912)

In 1846,  Elias Howe is granted a patent for the sewing machine.

In 1858,  George Mary Searle discovers the asteroid 55 Pandora.

In 1897,  Lattimer massacre: A sheriff’s posse kills 20 unarmed immigrant miners in Pennsylvania, United States.

In 1898,  Empress Elisabeth of Austria is assassinated by Luigi Lucheni.

In 1918,  Russian Civil War: The Red Army captures Kazan.

In 1919,  Austria and the Allies sign the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye recognizing the independence of Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia.

In 1932,  The New York City Subway‘s third competing subway system, the municipally-owned IND, is opened.

In 1933, 1st Negro League All-Star Game, West beats East 11-7 (Comiskey Park)

In 1933, 53rd US Men’s Tennis Open: Fred Perry beats J H Crawford (6-3, 11-13, 4-6, 6-0, 6-1)

In 1935,  India’s first all-boys public school, The Doon School, is founded.

Huey Long Memorial PictureIn 1935, Huey Long, American lawyer and politician, 40th Governor of Louisiana (b. 1893)  was assassinated in 1935. He was nicknamed The Kingfish and was an American politician who served as the 40th Governor of Louisiana from 1928 to 1932 and as a member of the United States Senate from 1932 until his assassination in 1935. A Democrat, he was an outspoken populist who denounced the rich and the banks and called for “Share the Wealth.” As the political boss of the state he commanded wide networks of supporters and was willing to take forceful action. He established the political prominence of the Long political family.

Long is best known for his Share Our Wealth program, created in 1934 under the motto “Every Man a King.” It proposed new wealth redistribution measures in the form of a net asset tax on corporations and individuals to curb the poverty and homelessness endemic nationwide during the Great Depression. To stimulate the economy, Long advocated federal spending on public works, schools and colleges, and old age pensions. He was an ardent critic of the policies of the Federal Reserve System.

A supporter of Franklin D. Roosevelt in the 1932 presidential election, Long split with Roosevelt in June 1933 to plan his own presidential bid for 1936 in alliance with the influential Catholic priest and radio commentator Charles Coughlin. Long was assassinated in 1935 and his national movement soon faded, but his legacy continued in Louisiana through his wife, Senator Rose McConnell Long, and his son, Senator Russell B. Long.

Under Long’s leadership, hospitals and educational institutions were expanded, a system of charity hospitals was set up that provided health care for the poor, massive highway construction and free bridges brought an end to rural isolation, and free textbooks were provided for schoolchildren. He remains a controversial figure in Louisiana history, with critics and supporters debating whether or not he was a dictator, demagogue or populist.

In 1936,  First World Individual Motorcycle Speedway Championship, Held at London’s (England) Wembley Stadium

In 1937,  Nine nations attend the Nyon Conference to address international piracy in the Mediterranean Sea.

In 1939,  World War II: The submarine HMS Oxley is mistakenly sunk by the submarine HMS Triton near Norway and becomes the Royal Navy‘s first loss.

In 1939,  World War II: Canada declares war on Nazi Germany, joining the Allies – Poland, France, the United Kingdom, New Zealand and Australia.

In 1942,  World War II: The British Army carries out an amphibious landing on Madagascar to re-launch Allied offensive operations in the Madagascar Campaign.

In 1943,  World War II: German forces begin their occupation of Rome.

In 1946,  While riding a train to Darjeeling, Sister Teresa Bojaxhiu of the Loreto Sisters’ Convent claimed to have heard the call of God, directing her “to leave the convent and help the poor while living among them”. She would become known as Mother Teresa.

In 1955,  “Gunsmoke” premieres on CBS TV. The show is an American radio and television Western drama series created by director Norman Macdonnell and writer John Meston. The stories take place in and around Dodge City, Kansas, during the settlement of the American West. The central character is lawman Marshal Matt Dillon, played by William Conrad on radio and James Arness on television. When aired in the UK, the television series was initially titled Gun Law,  later reverting to Gunsmoke.

In 1960,  At the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, Abebe Bikila becomes the first sub-Saharan African to win a gold medal, winning the marathon in bare feet.

In 1961,  Italian Grand Prix, a crash causes the death of German Formula One driver Wolfgang von Trips and 13 spectators who are hit by his Ferrari.

In 1963,– 20 black students enter public schools in Alabama.

In 1967,  The people of Gibraltar vote to remain a British dependency rather than becoming part of Spain.

In 1972,  The United States suffers its first loss of an international basketball game in a disputed match against the Soviet Union at the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, Germany.

In 1974,  Guinea-Bissau gains independence from Portugal.

In 1976,  A British Airways Hawker Siddeley Trident and an Inex-Adria DC-9 collide near Zagreb, Yugoslavia, killing 176.

In 1977,  Hamida Djandoubi, convicted of torture and murder, is the last person to be executed by guillotine in France.

In 1987,  Pope John Paul II starts his 11-day papal visit to Fort Simpson, Canada and afterwards to several southern and western cities in the United States.

In 1990,  The Basilica of Our Lady of Peace in Yamoussoukro, Côte d’Ivoire, the largest church in Africa, is consecrated by Pope John Paul II.

In 2000,  Operation Barras successfully frees six British soldiers held captive for over two weeks and contributes to the end of the Sierra Leone Civil War.

In 2001,  Charles Ingram cheats his way into winning one million pounds on a British version of Who Wants to Be a Millionaire?.

In 2001,  Antônio da Costa Santos, mayor of Campinas, Brazil is assassinated.

In 2002,  Switzerland, traditionally a neutral country, joins the United Nations.

In 2003,  Anna Lindh, the foreign minister of Sweden, is fatally stabbed while shopping, and dies the following day.

In 2007,  Former Prime Minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif returns to Pakistan after seven years in exile, following a military coup in October 1999.

Promotional photograph of Jane Wyman.jpgIn 2007,  Jane Wyman, American actress and singer (b. 1917) died at the age of 90 at her Rancho Mirage home on September 10, 2007. She was an American singer, dancer, and film/television actress. She began her film career in 1932 and her work in television lasted into 1993. She was a prolific performer for two decades. She received an Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance in Johnny Belinda (1948), and later in life achieved a new level of success in the 1980s as the aging wine country matriarch Angela Channing, the lead role on Falcon Crest.

She was the first wife of Ronald Reagan; they married in 1940 and divorced in 1949.

In 2008,  The Large Hadron Collider at CERN, described as the biggest scientific experiment in history, is powered up in Geneva, Switzerland.

In 2014,  The first Invictus Games took place at Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park in London.

In 2015, The movie “Boulevard,” opens with its star, Robin Williams, driving aimlessly at night until he finds a male prostitute. The movie was filmed in Nashville in 2013 and cost Tennessee taxpayers $302,000. It’s now available on DVD and streaming services, after a limited theatrical release in July. Williams’ character, Nolan, picks up the male hustler, Leo, and drives him to the Drake Motel. That’s about all the Nashville viewers are going to get in terms of familiarity. The motel, by the way, appeared in a 1993 River Phoenix movie.

In 2017, Hurricane Irma makes landfall on Cudjoe Key, Florida as a Category 4, after causing catastrophic damage throughout the Caribbean. Irma resulted in 134 deaths and $64.76 billion (2017 USD) in damage.

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