This Day in History September 23rd

This day in historySeptember 23 is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 99 days remaining until the end of the year.

It is frequently the day of the autumnal equinox in the Northern Hemisphere and the day of the vernal equinox in the Southern Hemisphere.

Holidays

 

History

General events on September 23rd

In 1215, – Kublai Khan, Mongolian emperor born (d. 1294)

In 1642, – First commencement exercises occur at Harvard College.

In 1845, – The Knickerbockers Baseball Club, the first baseball team to play under the modern rules, is founded in New York.

In 1889, – Nintendo Koppai (Later Nintendo Company, Limited) is founded by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce and market the playing card game Hanafuda.

In 1908, – University of Alberta in Alberta, Canada, is founded.

In 1959, – The MS Princess of Tasmania, Australia’s first passenger roll-on/roll-off diesel ferry, makes her maiden voyage across Bass Strait.

In 1962, – The Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts opens in New York City.

In 1983, – Gerrie Coetzee of South Africa becomes the first African boxing world heavyweight champion.

In 1986, – Jim Deshaies of the Houston Astros sets the major-league record by striking out the first eight batters of the game against the Los Angeles Dodgers.

In 1988, – José Canseco of the Oakland Athletics becomes the first member of the 40–40 club.

 

Government and Politics on September 23rd

In 1122, – Pope Callixtus II and Holy Roman Emperor Henry V agree to the Concordat of Worms to put an end to the Investiture Controversy.

In 1905, – Norway and Sweden sign the “Karlstad treaty”, peacefully dissolving the Union between the two countries.

In 1932, – The Kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd is renamed the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

In 1952, – Richard Nixon makes his “Checkers speech“.

In 1959, – Iowa farmer and corn breeder Roswell Garst hosts Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev.

In 1973, – Juan Perón returns to power in Argentina.

In 1983, – Saint Kitts and Nevis joins the United Nations.

In 1999, – Celebrate Bisexuality Day was first observed in the United States.

 

War, Crime and Disaster events on September 23rd

In 1338, – The Battle of Arnemuiden was the first naval battle of the Hundred Years’ War and the first naval battle using artillery, as the English ship Christofer had three cannon and one hand gun.

In 1409, – Battle of Kherlen, the second significant victory over Ming China by the Mongols since 1368.

In 1459, – Battle of Blore Heath, the first major battle of the English Wars of the Roses, is fought at Blore Heath in Staffordshire.

In 1568, – Spanish naval forces rout an English fleet, under the command of John Hawkins, at the Battle of San Juan de Ulúa near Veracruz.

In 1641, – The Merchant Royal, carrying a treasure worth over a billion US dollars, is lost at sea off Land’s End.

In 1779, – American Revolution: John Paul Jones on board the USS Bonhomme Richard wins the Battle of Flamborough Head.

In 1780, – American Revolution: British Major John André is arrested as a spy by American soldiers exposing Benedict Arnold‘s change of sides.

In 1803, – Second Anglo-Maratha War: Battle of Assaye between the British East India Company and the Maratha Empire in India.

In 1821, – Tripolitsa, Greece, is captured by Greek rebels during the Greek War of Independence.

In 1868, – Grito de Lares (“Lares Revolt”) occurs in Puerto Rico against Spanish rule.

In 1899, – American Asiatic Squadron destroys a Filipino battery at the Battle of Olongapo.

In 1938, – Mobilization of the Czechoslovak army in response to the Munich Crisis.

In 1942, – World War II: The Matanikau action on Guadalcanal begins U.S. Marines attack Japanese units along the Matanikau River.

In 1943, – World War II: The Nazi puppet state the Italian Social Republic is founded.

In 1950, – Korean War: The Battle of Hill 282 the first US friendly-fire incident on British Military personnel since World War II occurred.

In 1969, – The Chicago Eight trial opens in Chicago.

In 1983,Gulf Air Flight 771 is bombed, killing all 117 people on board.

In 1992, – A large Provisional Irish Republican Army bomb destroys forensic laboratories in Belfast.

In 2004, – Hurricane Jeanne: At least 1,070 in Haiti are reported to have been killed by floods.

In 2007, – After a 4:00 a.m. blackout, electrical system workers went to a substation in Youngstown, Ohio, to diagnose the problem. They found it: a man had cut through the security fence, climbed up a ladder, and cut a 23,000-volt line to steal the copper wire. The surge through his body quick-fried him, and he then fell 20-25 feet, investigators say. His body was still smoking when it was found; a pair of bolt cutters was welded to his neck by the shock. Police identified the man as James Leach, 50, and said that he had been arrested in an electrical substation last month, and had been released from custody the two days before on another theft charge. Detective Kenneth Centorame found the death surprising. “He ought to know better than that,” he said. (Warren Tribune Chronicle)

In 2008, – Kauhajoki school shooting: Matti Saari kills 10 people before committing suicide.

 

Royalty and Religious events on September 23rd

In 63 BC, Augustus, Roman emperor born (d. 14)

 

Human Achievement and Science events on September 23rd

In 1806 Lewis and Clark return to St. Louis after exploring the Pacific Northwest of the United States.

In 1846, – Astronomers Urbain Jean Joseph Le Verrier, John Couch Adams and Johann Gottfried Galle collaborate on the discovery of Neptune.

In 1913, – Roland Garros of France becomes the first to fly in an airplane across the Mediterranean (from St. Raphael France to Bizerte, Tunisia).

In 1936, – First ascent of Siniolchu by a German team.

In 1999, – NASA announces that it has lost contact with the Mars Climate Orbiter.

In 2002, – The first public version of the web browser Mozilla Firefox (“Phoenix 0.1”) is released.

 

Arts and Prose events on September 23rd

In 1909, The Phantom of the Opera (original title: Le Fantôme de l’Opéra), a novel by French writer Gaston Leroux, is first published as a serialization in Le Gaulois.

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