September 29th in History

This day in historySeptember 29 is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 93 days remaining until the end of the year.

Holidays

 

History

In 522 BC, Darius I of Persia kills the Magian usurper Gaumâta, securing his hold as king of the Persian Empire.

In 480 BCBattle of Salamis: The Greek fleet under Themistocles defeats the Persian fleet under Xerxes I.

In 106 BC, Pompey, Roman general and politician was born. (d. 48 BC)

In 61 BC, Pompey the Great celebrates his third triumph for victories over the pirates and the end of the Mithridatic Wars on his 45th birthday.

In 1227, Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, is excommunicated by Pope Gregory IX for his failure to participate in the Crusades.

In 1364, Battle of Auray: English forces defeat the French in Brittany; end of the Breton War of Succession.

In 1567, At a dinner, the Duke of Alba arrests the Count of Egmont and the Count of Hoorn for treason.

In 1650, Henry Robinson opens his Office of Addresses and Encounters in Threadneedle Street, London.

In 1717,  An earthquake strikes Antigua Guatemala, destroying much of the city’s architecture and making authorities consider moving the capital to a different city.

In 1789, The United States Department of War first establishes a regular army with a strength of several hundred men.

In 1789, The 1st United States Congress adjourns.

In 1829, The Metropolitan Police of London, later also known as the Met, is founded.

In 1848, Battle of Pákozd: stalemate between Hungarian and Croatian forces at Pákozd; the first battle of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848.

In 1850, The Roman Catholic hierarchy is re-established in England and Wales by Pope Pius IX.

William Nelson.jpgIn 1862,  William “Bull” Nelson, American general (b. 1824) was murdered by Jefferson C. Davis. He was one of four Union Army officers from Kentucky who rose to the rank of Major General out of the total of sixty-seven who served in the American Civil War. Ebenezer Hannaford served in the 6th Ohio Infantry under Nelson and he wrote “no commander during the war enjoyed the confidence of his troops in a greater degree than did Nelson at the head of the Fourth Division Army of the Ohio, which might almost be said to have been his own creation.” Those men had no love for the harsh ways of “Big Buster,” but they genuinely valued his willingness to openly chastise officers who shirked their responsibilities. That later trait caused a fellow general officer Jefferson C. Davis to shoot and kill the unarmed Nelson and this has routinely overshadowed the contributions that both men made to the Union cause in the American Civil War.

In 1863, Opera “Pescatori di Perle” is produced (Paris)

In 1864, American Civil War: The Battle of Chaffin’s Farm is fought.

In 1885, The first practical public electric tramway in the world is opened in Blackpool, England.

In 1907, The cornerstone is laid at Washington National Cathedral in the U.S. capital.

In 1907, Gene Autry, American singer and actor born (d. 1998)

In 1911Italy declares war on the Ottoman Empire.

In 1918, World War I, Battle of St. Quentin Canal: The Hindenburg Line is broken by Allied forces. Bulgaria signs an armistice.

In 1923, The British Mandate for Palestine takes effect, creating Mandatory Palestine.

Baseball Great Babe RuthIn 1927, Babe Ruth ties record by hitting grand slams in consecutive games

In 1932, Chaco War: Last day of the Battle of Boquerón between Paraguay and Bolivia.

In 1938, Munich Agreement: Germany is given permission from France, Italy, and Great Britain to seize the territory of Sudetenland, Czechoslovakia. The meeting takes place in Munich, and leaders from neither the Soviet Union nor Czechoslovakia attend.

In 1941World War II: Holocaust in Kiev, Soviet Union: German Einsatzgruppe C begins the Babi Yar massacre, according to the Einsatzgruppen operational situation report.

In 1949, The Communist Party of China writes the Common Programme for the future People’s Republic of China.

In 1951, The first live sporting event seen coast-to-coast in the United States, a college football game between Duke and the University of Pittsburgh, is televised on NBC.

In 1954, The convention establishing CERN (the European Organization for Nuclear Research) is signed.

In 1957, 20 MCi (740 petabecquerels) of radioactive material is released in an explosion at the Soviet Mayak nuclear plant at Chelyabinsk.

In 1957 – Buddy Holly & Crickets released 2nd single “Oh Boy!”/”Not Fade Away”

In 1960, Nikita Khrushchev, leader of Soviet Union, disrupts a meeting of the United Nations General Assembly with a number of angry outbursts.

My3Sons.jpgIn 1960 –My Three Sons” starring Fred MacMurray, debuts on ABC-TV.

The series ran from 1960 to 1965 on ABC, and moved to CBS until its end on April 13, 1972. My Three Sons chronicles the life of widower and aeronautical engineer Steven Douglas (Fred MacMurray) as he raises his three sons.

The series originally featured William Frawley as the boys’ live-in maternal grandfather, William Michael Francis “Bub” O’Casey. William Demarest, playing Bub’s brother, “Charley”, replaced Frawley in 1965 due to Frawley’s illness. In September 1965, eldest son Mike married, and his character was written out of the show. To keep the emphasis on “three sons”, a new son named Ernie was adopted. In the program’s final years, Steven Douglas remarried and adopted his new wife’s young daughter Dorothy (“Dodie”).

The series was a cornerstone of the ABC and CBS lineups in the 1960s. With 380 episodes produced, it is second only to The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet (14 seasons, 1952-1966, 434 episodes) and tied with It’s Always Sunny in Philadelphia (12 seasons) as television’s longest-running live-action sitcom. Disney producer Bill Walsh often mused on whether the concept of the show was inspired by the movie The Shaggy Dog, as in his view they shared “the same dog, the same kids, and Fred MacMurray”.

In 1962Alouette 1, the first Canadian satellite, is launched.

In 1963, The second period of the Second Vatican Council opens.

In 1964, The Argentine comic strip Mafalda is published for the first time.

In 1966, The Chevrolet Camaro, originally named Panther, is introduced.

In 1971, Oman joins the Arab League.

In 1972, Sino-Japanese relations: Japan establishes diplomatic relations with the People’s Republic of China after breaking official ties with the Republic of China.

In 1975, WGPR in Detroit, Michigan, becomes the world’s first black-owned-and-operated television station.

In 1979, Pope John Paul II becomes the first pope to set foot on Irish soil with his pastoral visit to the Republic of Ireland.

In 1982, The 1982 Chicago Tylenol murders begin when the first of seven individuals dies in metropolitan Chicago.

In 1988, Space Shuttle: NASA launches STS-26, the return to flight mission, after the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster.

In 1990, Construction of the Washington National Cathedral is completed.

In 1990 The YF-22, which would later become the F-22 Raptor, flies for the first time.

In 1991, Military coup in Haiti (1991 Haitian coup d’état).

In 1992, Brazilian President Fernando Collor de Mello is impeached.

In 1995, The United States Navy disbands Fighter Squadron 84 (VF-84), nicknamed the “Jolly Rogers”.

In 2004, The asteroid 4179 Toutatis passes within four lunar distances of Earth.

In 2004, The Burt Rutan Ansari X Prize entry SpaceShipOne performs a successful spaceflight, the first of two required to win the prize.

In 2006, Gol Transportes Aéreos Flight 1907 collides in mid-air with an Embraer Legacy business jet near Peixoto de Azevedo, Mato Grosso, Brazil, killing 154 total people, and triggering a Brazilian aviation crisis.

In 2007, Calder Hall, the world’s first commercial nuclear power station, is demolished in a controlled explosion.

In 2008, Following the bankruptcies of Lehman Brothers and Washington Mutual, The Dow Jones Industrial Average falls 777.68 points, the largest single-day point loss in its history.

In 2009, An 8.0 magnitude earthquake near the Samoan Islands causes a tsunami.

In 2013,  Over 42 people are killed by members of Boko Haram at the College of Agriculture in Gujba, Nigeria.

In 2016, Eleven days after the Uri attack, the Indian Army conducted “surgical strikes” against suspected militants in Pakistani-administered Kashmir.

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