October 11th in History

This day in historyOctober 11 is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 81 days remaining until the end of the year.

Holidays

International Day of the Girl Child (International)

General Pulaski Memorial Day (United States)

Meditrinalia, in honor of Meditrina (Roman Empire)

National Coming Out Day (multinational, including United Kingdom, Switzerland, and United States among others). It is exactly what you think…..

Old Michelmas Day (Celtic)

Revolution Day (Republic of Macedonia)

Mato Grosso do Sul Day (the state was created by dividing the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso)

General events on October 11th

In 1582, Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar, this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.

In 1675Samuel Clarke, English philosopher was born (d. 1729)

Meriweather Lewis-Charles Willson Peale.jpgIn 1809,  Meriwether Lewis, American captain, explorer, and politician, 2nd Governor of Louisiana Territory (b. 1774) was possible murdered on his way to Washington DC. He was an American explorer, soldier, politician, and public administrator, best known for his role as the leader of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, also known as the Corps of Discovery, with William Clark. Their mission was to explore the territory of the Louisiana Purchase, establish trade with, and sovereignty over the natives near the Missouri River, and claim the Pacific Northwest and Oregon Country for the United States before European nations. They also collected scientific data, and information on indigenous nations. President Thomas Jefferson appointed him Governor of Upper Louisiana in 1806. He died of gunshot wounds in what was either a murder or suicide, in 1809.

In 1852,The University of Sydney, Australia’s oldest university, is inaugurated in Sydney.

In 1864, Campina Grande, Brazil is established as a city.

In 1890, In Washington, DC, the Daughters of the American Revolution is founded.

In 1899, The Western League is renamed the American League.

In 1929, JC Penney opens store #1252 in Milford, Delaware, making it a nationwide company with stores in all 48 U.S. states.

In 1950, Television: CBS’s mechanical color system is the first to be licensed for broadcast by the U.S. Federal Communications Commission.

Chesty-puller.jpgIn 1971,  Chesty Puller, American general (b. 1898) dies. He was a United States Marine Corps lieutenant general who fought guerrillas in Haiti and Nicaragua, and fought in World War II and the Korean War. Puller is the most decorated Marine in American history. He is one of two U.S. servicemen to be awarded five Navy Crosses and, with the Distinguished Service Cross awarded to him by the U.S. Army, his total of six stands only behind Eddie Rickenbacker‘s eight times receiving the nation’s second-highest military award for valor. Puller retired from the Marine Corps with 37 years of service in 1955 and lived in Virginia.

In 1975, The NBC sketch comedy/variety show Saturday Night Live debuts with George Carlin as the host and Andy Kaufman, Janis Ian and Billy Preston as guests.

In 2001, The Polaroid Corporation files for federal bankruptcy protection.

In 2004,  The PBS Kids Go! programming block is introduced replacing PBS Kids Bookworm Bunch a joint programming block with Nelvana Limited.

 

Government and Politics on October 11th

In 1142, A peace treaty between the Jin Dynasty and Southern Song Dynasty is formally ratified when a Jin envoy visits the Song court.

In 1614, Adriaen Block and 12 Amsterdam merchants petition the States General for exclusive trading rights in the New Netherland colony.

In 1767, Surveying for the Mason–Dixon Line separating Maryland from Pennsylvania is completed.

In 1833, A big demonstration at the gates of the legislature of Buenos Aires forces the ousting of governor Juan Ramón Balcarce and his replacement with Juan José Viamonte.

In 1906, San Francisco public school board sparks a diplomatic crisis between the United States and Japan by ordering Japanese students to be taught in racially segregated schools. And you only thought that blacks and whites were segregated.

In 1910, Former President Theodore Roosevelt becomes the first U.S. president to fly in an airplane. He flew for four minutes with Arch Hoxsey in a plane built by the Wright Brothers at Kinloch Field (Lambert-St. Louis International Airport), St. Louis, Missouri.

In 1944, Tuvinian People’s Republic or formerly Tannu Tuva is annexed by the U.S.S.R

In 1976, George Washington‘s appointment, posthumously, to the grade of General of the Armies of the United States by congressional joint resolution Public Law 94-479 is approved by President Gerald R. Ford.

In 1986, Cold War: U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev meet in Reykjavík, Iceland, in an effort to continue discussions about scaling back their intermediate missile arsenals in Europe.

In 2006, Here is a good one…. The federal deficit fell to a four-year low in the budget year that just ended, a result President Bush pointed to Wednesday in claiming Republicans are better stewards of the economy than are Democrats.

The part they don’t explain is that the deficit is the difference between what the federal government takes in and what the government spends each and every year. For an example, this year the government will spend 6 trillion and will bring into the coffers 5.5 trillion. This means the government is running a deficit of $500,000,000,000.00. If I cut spending by half that amount or 250 billion dollars I still spend more than we take in but the difference is this year I only have to borrow half as much to fund the budget. Sounds okay….. doesn’t it?

 

War, Crime and Disaster events on October 11th

In 1138, A massive earthquake strikes Aleppo, Syria.

In 1531, Huldrych Zwingli is killed in battle with the Roman Catholic cantons of Switzerland.

In 1634, The Burchardi flood – “the second Grote Mandrenke” killed around 15,000 men in North Friesland, Denmark and Germany.

In 1649, Sack of Wexford: After a ten-day siege, English New Model Army troops (under Oliver Cromwell) stormed the town of Wexford, killing over 2,000 Irish Confederate troops and 1,500 civilians.

In 1776, American Revolutionary War: Battle of Valcour Island – On Lake Champlain a fleet of American boats is defeated by the Royal Navy, but delays the British advance until 1777.

In 1797, Battle of Camperdown: Naval battle between Royal Navy and Royal Netherlands Navy during the French Revolutionary Wars. The outcome of the battle was a decisive British victory.

In 1809, Along the Natchez Trace in Tennessee, explorer Meriwether Lewis dies under mysterious circumstances at an inn called Grinder’s Stand.

In 1862, American Civil War: In the aftermath of the Battle of Antietam, Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart and his men loot Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, during a raid into the north.

In 1865, Paul Bogle led hundreds of black men and women in a march in Jamaica, starting the Morant Bay rebellion.

In 1899, Second Boer War begins: In South Africa, a war between the United Kingdom and the Boers of the Transvaal and Orange Free State erupts.

In 1912, First Balkan War: The Greek Army liberates the city of Kozani.

In 1918, San Fermín earthquake hits western Puerto Rico.

In 1941, Beginning of the National Liberation War of Macedonia.

In 1942, World War II: Battle of Cape Esperance – On the northwest coast of Guadalcanal, United States Navy ships intercept and defeat a Japanese fleet on their way to reinforce troops on the island.

In 1954, First Indochina War: The Viet Minh take control of North Vietnam.

In 1972, A race riot occurs on the United States Navy aircraft carrier Kitty Hawk off the coast of Vietnam during Operation Linebacker.

In 1982, The Mary Rose, a Tudor carrack which sank on July 19, 1545, is salvaged from the sea bed of the Solent, off Portsmouth.

In 1987, –Start of Operation Pawan by Indian Peace Keeping Force in Sri Lanka that killed thousands of ethnic Tamil civilians and hundreds of Tamil Tigers & Indian Army soldiers.

In 1996, Pala accident: a wood lorry and school bus collide in Jõgeva county, Estonia, killing eight children.

In 2002, A bomb attack in a shopping mall in Vantaa, Finland kills seven.

In 2013,  A migrant boat sinks in the Channel of Sicily with at least 34 people dead.

 

Royalty and Religious events on October 11th

In 1727, George II and Caroline of Ansbach are crowned King and Queen of Great Britain.

In 1962, Second Vatican Council: Pope John XXIII convenes the first ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church in 92 years.

 

Human Achievement and Science events on October 11th

In 1811, Inventor John Stevens‘ boat, the Juliana, begins operation as the first steam-powered ferry (service between New York City, New York, and Hoboken, New Jersey).

In 1957, Space Race: M.I.T. scientists calculate Sputnik I‘s booster rocket’s orbit.

In 1958, Pioneer program: NASA launches the lunar probe Pioneer 1 (the probe falls back to Earth and burns up).

In 1968, Apollo program: NASA launches Apollo 7, the first successful manned Apollo mission, with astronauts Wally Schirra, Donn F. Eisele and Walter Cunningham aboard.

In 1984, Aboard the Space Shuttle Challenger, astronaut Kathryn D. Sullivan becomes the first American woman to perform a space walk.

In 2000, NASA launches STS-92, the 100th Space Shuttle mission, using Space Shuttle Discovery.

Al Gore

In 2007, Former Vice President Al Gore now has a Nobel Peace Prize to go along with his Academy Award. The Nobel committee today said Gore and a United Nations panel would share the prestigious prize for their independent work on global warming. Gore’s film about climate change, “An Inconvenient Truth,” won an Academy Award earlier this year. Some see the high-profile platform the award provides as a way for Gore to get into the 2008 presidential race, but it probably won’t matter. Two Gore advisers told the Associated Press that the award won’t change his thinking. One of the aides said the chances that the 2000 Democratic nominee would run again in 2008 were “extremely remote.”

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