November 7th in History

This day in historyNovember 7 is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 54 days remaining until the end of the year.

This day marks the approximate midpoint of autumn in the Northern Hemisphere and of spring in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the September equinox).

Holidays

 

History

In 335Athanasius is banished to Trier, on charge that he prevented a grain fleet from sailing to Constantinople.

In 680,  The Sixth Ecumenical Council commences in Constantinople.

In 921,  Treaty of Bonn: The Frankish kings Charles the Simple and Henry the Fowler sign a peace treaty or ‘pact of friendship’ (amicitia), to recognize their borders along the Rhine.

In 1426,  Lam Sơn uprising: Lam Sơn rebels emerge victorious against the Ming army in the Battle of Tốt Động – Chúc Động taking place in Đông Quan, in now Hanoi.

In 1492,  The Ensisheim meteorite, the oldest meteorite with a known date of impact, strikes the earth around noon in a wheat field outside the village of Ensisheim, Alsace, France.

In 1619,  Elizabeth of Scotland and England is crowned Queen of Bohemia.

In 1665,  The London Gazette, the oldest surviving journal, is first published.

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John Murray

In 1775,  John Murray, the Royal Governor of the Colony of Virginia, starts the first mass emancipation of slaves in North America by issuing Lord Dunmore’s Offer of Emancipation, which offers freedom to slaves who abandoned their colonial masters in order to fight with Murray and the British.

In 1786, The oldest musical organization in the United States is founded as the Stoughton Musical Society.

In 1811,  Tecumseh’s War: The Battle of Tippecanoe is fought near present-day Battle Ground, Indiana, United States.

In 1821, The Tennessee State Legislature passed the act that was signed by the then Governor of the state creating Madison County. The county was part of lands purchased from the Chickasaw in 1818.

In 1837,  In Alton, Illinois, abolitionist printer Elijah P. Lovejoy is shot dead by a mob while attempting to protect his printing shop from being destroyed a third time.

In 1861,  American Civil War: Battle of Belmont: In Belmont, Missouri, Union forces led by General Ulysses S. Grant overrun a Confederate camp but are forced to retreat when Confederate reinforcements arrive.

In 1874,  A cartoon by Thomas Nast in Harper’s Weekly, is considered the first important use of an elephant as a symbol for the United States Republican Party.

In 1885,  The completion of Canada’s first transcontinental railway was symbolized by the Last Spike ceremony at Craigellachie, British Columbia.

In 1893,  Women’s Suffrage: Women in the U.S. state of Colorado are granted the right to vote, the second state to do so.

In 1900,  Battle of Leliefontein, a battle during which the Royal Canadian Dragoons win three Victoria Crosses.

In 1907,  Delta Sigma Pi is founded at New York University.

In 1907,  Jesús García saves the entire town of Nacozari de Garcia, Sonora by driving a burning train full of dynamite six kilometers () away before it can explode.

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Sundance Kid and Etta Place before they headed to South America

In 1908, Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid are reportedly killed in San Vicente, Bolivia.

In 1910,  The first air freight shipment (from Dayton, Ohio, to Columbus, Ohio) is undertaken by the Wright Brothers and department store owner Max Moorehouse.

In 1912,  The Deutsche Opernhaus (now Deutsche Oper Berlin) opens in the Berlin neighborhood of Charlottenburg, with a production of Beethoven‘s Fidelio.

In 1914,  The first issue of The New Republic magazine is published.

In 1914,  The German colony of Kiaochow Bay and its centre at Tsingtao are captured by Japanese forces.

In 1916,  Jeannette Rankin is the first woman elected to the United States Congress.

In 1917,  The Gregorian calendar date of the October Revolution, which gets its name from the Julian calendar date of 25 October. On this date in 1917, the Bolsheviks storm the Winter Palace.

In 1917,  World War I: Third Battle of Gaza ends: British forces capture Gaza from the Ottoman Empire.

In 1918,  The 1918 influenza epidemic spreads to Western Samoa, killing 7,542 (about 20% of the population) by the end of the year.

In 1918,  Kurt Eisner overthrows the Wittelsbach dynasty in the Kingdom of Bavaria.

In 1919,  The first Palmer Raid is conducted on the second anniversary of the Russian Revolution. Over 10,000 suspected communists and anarchists are arrested in twenty-three different U.S. cities.

In 1920,  Patriarch Tikhon issues a decree that leads to the formation of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia.

In 1929,  In New York City, the Museum of Modern Art opens to the public.

In 1931,  The Chinese Soviet Republic is proclaimed on the anniversary of the October Revolution.

In 1933,  Fiorello H. La Guardia is elected the 99th mayor of New York City.

In 1940, In Tacoma, Washington, the original Tacoma Narrows Bridge collapses in a windstorm, a mere four months after the bridge’s completion.

In 1941,  World War II: Soviet hospital ship Armenia is sunk by German planes while evacuating refugees and wounded military and staff of several Crimean hospitals. It is estimated that over 5,000 people died in the sinking.

In 1944,  A passenger train derails in Aguadilla, Puerto Rico from excessive speed when descending a hill. 16 people are killed and 50 are injured.

In 1944,  Soviet spy Richard Sorge, a half-Russian, half-German World War I veteran, is hanged by his Japanese captors along with 34 of his ring.

In 1944,  Franklin D. Roosevelt elected for a record fourth term as President of the United States of America.

In 1949,  The first oil was taken in Oil Rocks (Neft Daşları), oldest offshore oil platform.

In 1956,  Suez Crisis: The United Nations General Assembly adopts a resolution calling for the United Kingdom, France and Israel to immediately withdraw their troops from Egypt.

In 1957,  Cold War: The Gaither Report calls for more American missiles and fallout shelters.

Anna Eleanor Roosevelt.pngIn 1962, Eleanor Roosevelt, American humanitarian and politician, 39th First Lady of the United States (b. 1884) dies of cardiac failure at her Manhattan home at 55 East 74th Street on the Upper East Side on November 7, 1962, at the age of 78. was an American politician, diplomat, and activist. She was the longest-serving First Lady of the United States, holding the post from March 1933 to April 1945 during her husband President Franklin D. Roosevelt‘s four terms in office. President Harry S. Truman later called her the “First Lady of the World” in tribute to her human rights achievements.

A member of the Roosevelt and Livingston families, Eleanor had an unhappy childhood, suffering the deaths of both parents and one of her brothers at a young age. At 15, she attended Allenwood Academy in London, and was deeply influenced by its feminist headmistress Marie Souvestre. Returning to the U.S., she married her fifth cousin once removed, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, in 1905. The Roosevelts’ marriage was complicated from the beginning by Franklin’s controlling mother, Sara, and after discovering Franklin’s affair with Lucy Mercer in 1918, Eleanor resolved to seek fulfillment in a public life of her own. She persuaded Franklin to stay in politics following his partial paralysis from polio, and began to give speeches and campaign in his place. After Franklin’s election as Governor of New York, Eleanor regularly made public appearances on his behalf. She also shaped the role of First Lady during her tenure and beyond.

In 1963,  Wunder von Lengede: In Germany, eleven miners are rescued from a collapsed mine after 14 days.

In 1967,  Carl B. Stokes is elected as Mayor of Cleveland, Ohio, becoming the first African American mayor of a major American city.

In 1967,  US President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Public Broadcasting Act of 1967, establishing the Corporation for Public Broadcasting.

In 1973,  The U.S. Congress overrides President Richard M. Nixon‘s veto of the War Powers Resolution, which limits presidential power to wage war without congressional approval.

In 1975,  In Bangladesh, a joint force of people and soldiers takes part in an uprising led by Col. Abu Taher that ousts and kills Brig. Khaled Mosharraf, freeing the then house-arrested army chief and future president Maj-Gen. Ziaur Rahman. The day is occasionally observed as the National Revolution and Solidarity Day.

In 1980, Steve McQueen, American actor and producer (b. 1930) dies of cardiac arrest at 3:45 am at the Juárez clinic 12 hours after surgery to remove or reduce numerous metastatic tumors in his neck and abdomen. He was 50 years old. He was an American actor. Called “The King of Cool”, his “anti-hero” persona, developed at the height of the Counterculture of the 1960s, made him a top box-office draw of the 1960s and 1970s. McQueen received an Academy Award nomination for his role in The Sand Pebbles. His other popular films include The Cincinnati Kid, The Thomas Crown Affair, Bullitt, The Getaway, and Papillon, as well as the all-star ensemble films The Magnificent Seven, The Great Escape, and The Towering Inferno. In 1974, he became the highest-paid movie star in the world, although he did not act in films again for four years. McQueen was combative with directors and producers, but his popularity placed him in high demand and enabled him to command large salaries.

In 1983,  1983 United States Senate bombing: a bomb explodes inside the United States Capitol. No people are harmed, but an estimated $250,000 in damage is caused.

In 1987,  In Tunisia, president Habib Bourguiba is overthrown and replaced by Prime Minister Zine El Abidine Ben Ali.

In 1987,  Singapore’s first Mass Rapid Transit line was opened, starting with train services between Yio Chu Kang and Toa Payoh stations.

In 1989,  Douglas Wilder wins the governor’s seat in Virginia, becoming the first elected African American governor in the United States.

In 1989,  David Dinkins becomes the first African American to be elected mayor of New York City.

In 1989,  East German Prime Minister Willi Stoph, along with his entire cabinet, is forced to resign after huge anti-government protests.

In 1990,  Mary Robinson becomes the first woman to be elected President of the Republic of Ireland.

In 1991,  Magic Johnson announces that he is infected with HIV and retires from the NBA.

In 1994,  WXYC, the student radio station of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, provides the world’s first internet radio broadcast.

In 1996,  NASA launches the Mars Global Surveyor.

In 2000,  Hillary Rodham Clinton is elected to the United States Senate, becoming the first former First Lady to win public office in the United States, although she was actually still the First Lady.

In 2000,  Controversial US presidential election that is later resolved in the Bush v. Gore Supreme Court Case.

In 2000,  The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration discovers one of the country’s largest LSD labs inside a converted military missile silo in Wamego, Kansas.

In 2001,  SABENA, the national airline of Belgium, goes bankrupt.

In 2002,  Iran bans advertising of United States products.

In 2004,  War in Iraq: The interim government of Iraq calls for a 60-day “state of emergency” as U.S. forces storm the insurgent stronghold of Fallujah.

In 2007,  Jokela school shooting in Tuusula, Finland, resulting in the death of nine people.

In 2012,  An earthquake off the Pacific coast of Guatemala kills at least 52 people.

In 2017,  in the United States gubernatorial electionPhil Murphy is elected governor of New Jersey, and Ralph Northam is elected governor of Virginia.

In 2017,  Shamshad TV is attacked by armed gunmen and suicide bombers. A security guard was killed and 20 people were wounded. ISIS claims responsibility for the attack.

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