November 13th in History

This day in historyNovember 13 is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 48 days remaining until the end of the year. It is 41 days till Christmas.

Holidays

Christian Feast Day:

Earliest day on which National Day of Mourning or Volkstrauertag can fall, observed two Sundays before the first of Advent. (Germany)

Feast of Feronia, celebrated on the Ides of November (Roman Empire)

World Kindness Day

History

Ethelred the Unready.jpgIn 1002,  English king Æthelred II orders the killing of all Danes in England, known today as the St. Brice’s Day massacre.

In 1160,  Louis VII of France marries Adele of Champagne.

In 1642, First English Civil War: Battle of Turnham Green – the Royalist forces withdraw in the face of the Parliamentarian army and fail to take London.

In 1775,  American Revolutionary War: Patriot revolutionary forces under Gen. Richard Montgomery occupy Montreal, Quebec.

In 1841,  James Braid first sees a demonstration of animal magnetism, which leads to his study of the subject he eventually calls hypnotism.

In 1851,  The Denny Party lands at Alki Point, before moving to the other side of Elliott Bay to what would become Seattle, Washington.

In 1864,  The new Constitution of Greece is adopted.

In 1887,  Bloody Sunday clashes in central London.

In 1901,  The 1901 Caister Lifeboat Disaster.

In 1914,  Zaian War: Berber tribesmen inflict the heaviest defeat of French forces in Morocco at the Battle of El Herri.

In 1916,  Prime Minister of Australia Billy Hughes is expelled from the Labor Party over his support for conscription.

In 1918,  Allied troops occupy Constantinople, the capital of the Ottoman Empire.

In 1927,  The Holland Tunnel opens to traffic as the first Hudson River vehicle tunnel linking New Jersey to New York City.

In 1921,  That great romancer of the silver screen, Rudolph Valentino, starred in “The Sheik”, which was released on this day. “The Sheik” firmly established Valentino’s popular reputation as the Great Lover, and his last film, the comical “Son of the Sheik” (1926) sealed that title. But the actor never thought of himself as a conqueror of women – nor as a great actor. He found the Sheik films rather silly. Valentino had plans to make more serious films beginning with an ambitious version of “El Cid”, to be called “The Hooded Falcon”. In town for the premiere of “Son of the Sheik”, he collapsed in New York on August 15, 1926. Valentino died eight days later from peritonitis — before he could begin to work on films that would make the public forget his sheikly shenanigans. So the grandiose romantic persona persists, and we remember Rudolph Valentino as the Great Lover, “The Sheik”.

Alice Marble

In 1930, The first revolving milk platform was used — in Plainsboro, NJ. For the first time, 1,680 cows could be milked in seven hours. Now that’s a lot of milk!

In 1933, The first sit-down strike was started. The U.S. Workers at the Hormel Packing Company plant in Austin, Minnesota (the home of SPAM) took action against management.

In 1940,  Alice Marble turned pro. The tennis star signed for $25,000 plus a percentage of the gate receipts. The first lady to serve and volley, and noted for aggressive play called the “killer instinct” approach.

In 1941,  World War II: The aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal is torpedoed by U-81, sinking the following day.

Smoke rises from two Japanese aircraft

Guadalcanal

In 1942,  World War II: Naval Battle of Guadalcanal – U.S. and Japanese ships engage in an intense, close-quarters surface naval engagement during the Battle of Guadalcanal.

In 1947,  The Soviet Union completes development of the AK-47, one of the first proper assault rifles.

In 1950,  General Carlos Delgado Chalbaud, President of Venezuela, is assassinated in Caracas.

In 1954,  Great Britain defeats France to capture the first ever Rugby League World Cup in Paris in front of around 30,000 spectators.

In 1956,  The Supreme Court of the United States declares Alabama laws requiring segregated buses illegal, thus ending the Montgomery Bus Boycott.

In 1965,  The SS Yarmouth Castle burns and sinks 60 miles off Nassau with the loss of 90 lives.

In 1966,  In response to Fatah raids against Israelis near the West Bank border, Israel launches an attack on the village of As-Samu.

In 1969,  Vietnam War: Anti-war protesters in Washington, D.C. stage a symbolic March Against Death.

In 1970,  Bhola cyclone: A 150-mph tropical cyclone hits the densely populated Ganges Delta region of East Pakistan (now Bangladesh), killing an estimated 500,000 people in one night. This is regarded as the 20th century’s worst natural disaster.

Ronald defeo.jpg

Mugshot taken of Ronald DeFeo, taken following his arrest.

In 1974,  Ronald DeFeo, Jr. murders his entire family in Amityville, Long Island in the house that would become known as The Amityville Horror.

In 1982,  Ray Mancini defeats Duk Koo Kim in a boxing match held in Las Vegas, Nevada. Kim’s subsequent death (on November 17) leads to significant changes in the sport.

In 1982,  The Vietnam Veterans Memorial is dedicated in Washington, D.C. after a march to its site by thousands of Vietnam War veterans.

In 1985,  The volcano Nevado del Ruiz erupts and melts a glacier, causing a lahar (volcanic mudslide) that buries Armero, Colombia, killing approximately 23,000 people.

In 1985,  Xavier Suarez is sworn in as Miami, Florida‘s first Cuban-born mayor.

In 1986,  The Compact of Free Association becomes law, granting the Federated States of Micronesia, the Marshall Islands independence from the United States.

In 1988,  Mulugeta Seraw, an Ethiopian law student in Portland, Oregon is beaten to death by members of the Neo-Nazi group East Side White Pride.

In 1989,  Hans-Adam II, the present Prince of Liechtenstein, begins his reign on the death of his father.

In 1990,  In Aramoana, New Zealand, David Gray shoots dead 13 people, in what becomes known as the Aramoana Massacre.

In 1992,  The High Court of Australia rules in Dietrich v The Queen that although there is no absolute right to have publicly funded counsel, in most circumstances a judge should grant any request for an adjournment or stay when an accused is unrepresented.

In 1994,  In a referendum voters in Sweden decide to join the European Union.

In 1995,  A truck-bomb explodes outside of a US-operated Saudi Arabian National Guard training center in Riyadh, killing five Americans and two Indians. A group called the Islamic Movement for Change claims responsibility.

In 2000,  Philippine House Speaker Manny Villar passes the articles of impeachment against Philippine President Joseph Estrada.

In 2001,  War on Terrorism: In the first such act since World War II, US President George W. Bush signs an executive order allowing military tribunals against foreigners suspected of connections to terrorist acts or planned acts on the United States.

In 2002,  Iraq disarmament crisis: Iraq agrees to the terms of the UN Security Council Resolution 1441.

In 2002,  The oil tanker Prestige sinks off the Galician coast and causes a huge oil spill.

In 2007,  Russia officially withdraws from the Soviet-era Batumi military base, Georgia.

In 2012,  A total solar eclipse occurred in parts of Australia and the South Pacific.

In 2014, Democrats returned Sen. Harry Reid to his leadership position after a four-hour meeting on Thursday. After Republicans routed Democrats and gained full control of Congress in midterm elections earlier this month, Reid’s title will change from majority leader to minority leader. Several red-state senators pointedly announced that they had voted against Reid, saying voters wanted new leadership, although none of them proposed anyone else to take charge of the party’s caucus.

WT-reentry-fireball-tight.jpgIn 2015,  temporary artificial satellite WT1190F impacts the Earth south of Sri Lanka

In 2015,  A set of coordinated terror attacks in Paris, including multiple shootings, explosions, and a hostage crisis in the 10th and 11th arrondissements kill 130 people, seven attackers, and injured 368 others, with at least 80 critically wounded.

%d bloggers like this: