November 24th in History

This day in historyNovember 24 is the 328th day of the year (329th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 37 days remaining until the end of the year. This date is slightly more likely to fall on a Tuesday, Thursday or Saturday (58 in 400 years each) than on Sunday or Monday (57), and slightly less likely to occur on a Wednesday or Friday (56).

There are 30 days till Christmas eve. Don’t panic, there is still plenty of time.

Holidays

Christian Feast Days:

Earliest day on which Harvest Day can fall, while November 30 is the latest; celebrated on the last Sunday in November. (Turkmenistan)

Earliest day on which Mother’s Day can fall, while November 30 is the latest; celebrated on the last Sunday in November. (Russia)

Anniversary of the martyrdom of Guru Tegh Bahadur (India)

Evolution Day (International observance)

Lachit Divas (Assam)

Teachers’ Day or Öğretmenler Günü (Turkey)

The first day of Brumalia, celebrated until the winter solstice. (Roman Empire)


History

In 380,  Theodosius I makes his adventus, or formal entry, into Constantinople.

In 1190,  Conrad of Montferrat becomes King of Jerusalem upon his marriage to Isabella I of Jerusalem.

In 1227,  Polish Prince Leszek I the White is assassinated at an assembly of Piast dukes at Gąsawa.

In 1248,  In the middle of the night a mass on the north side of Mont Granier suddenly collapsed, in one of the largest historical rockslope failures known in Europe.

In 1359,  Peter I of Cyprus ascends to the throne of Cyprus after his father, Hugh IV of Cyprus abdicates.

In 1429,  Joan of Arc unsuccessfully besieges La Charité.

In 1542,  Battle of Solway Moss: An English army defeats a much larger Scottish force near the River Esk in Dumfries and Galloway.

In 1572,  John Knox, Scottish clergyman (b. 1510) died.

In 1642,  Abel Tasman becomes the first European to discover the island Van Diemen’s Land (later renamed Tasmania).

In 1750,  Tarabai, regent of the Maratha Empire, imprisons Rajaram II for refusing to remove Balaji Baji Rao from the post of peshwa.

James Caldwell American Revolution.jpgIn 1781,  James Caldwell, American minister (b. 1734) was killed on November 24, 1781, by an American sentry in Elizabethtown, New Jersey, when he refused to have a package inspected. The sentry, James Morgan, was hanged for murder on January 29, 1782 in Westfield, New Jersey, amid rumors that he had been bribed to kill the chaplain. There were nine orphaned children of Hannah and James Caldwell, all of whom were raised by friends of the family.

He was a Presbyterian minister who played a prominent part in the American Revolution.

Caldwell was born in Cub Creek in Charlotte County, Virginia, the seventh son of John and Margaret Caldwell, who were Scots-Irish settlers. He graduated from the College of New Jersey (later called Princeton University) in 1759 and, though he inherited 500 acres (2.0 km2) in Cub Creek, became pastor of the Presbyterian church in Elizabethtown, New Jersey. He was an active partisan on the side of the Patriots, and was known as the “soldier parson”. His church and his house were burned by Loyalists in 1780.

While Caldwell was stationed with the army in Morristown, his wife Hannah was killed by British gunfire under disputed circumstances during the Battle of Connecticut Farms in what is now Union Township, an act which Union County immortalizes on their county seal to this day. His wife had been at home with their baby and a 3 year old toddler. As the British moved into Connecticut Farms, Hannah Caldwell was shot through a window or wall as she sat with her children on a bed.

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Zachary Taylor

In 1784,  Zachary Taylor, American general and politician, 12th President of the United States (d. 1850) was born. He was the 12th President of the United States (1849–1850) and an American military leader. His 40-year military career ended with far-reaching victories in the Mexican–American War. His status as a national hero won him election to the White House despite his vague political beliefs. His top priority as president was preserving the Union, but he died 16 months into his term, before making any progress on the status of slavery, which had been inflaming tensions in Congress.

Taylor was born to a prominent family of planters who migrated westward from Virginia to Kentucky in his youth. He was commissioned as a U.S. Army officer in 1808 and made a name for himself as a captain in the War of 1812. He climbed the ranks establishing military forts along the Mississippi River and entered the Black Hawk War as a colonel in 1832. His success in the Second Seminole War attracted national attention and earned him the nickname “Old Rough and Ready”.

In 1845, as the annexation of Texas was underway, President James K. Polk dispatched Taylor to the Rio Grande area in anticipation of a potential battle with Mexico over the disputed Texas-Mexico border. The Mexican–American War broke out in May 1846, and Taylor led American troops to victory in a series of battles culminating in the Battle of Palo Alto and the Battle of Monterrey. He became a national hero, and political clubs sprung up to draw him into the upcoming 1848 presidential election.

The Whig Party convinced the reluctant Taylor to lead their ticket, despite his unclear platform and lack of interest in politics. He won the election alongside U.S. Representative Millard Fillmore of New York, defeating Democratic candidate Lewis Cass. As president, Taylor kept his distance from Congress and his cabinet, even as partisan tensions threatened to divide the Union. Debate over the slave status of the large territories claimed in the war led to threats of secession from Southerners. Despite being a Southerner and a slaveholder himself, Taylor did not push for the expansion of slavery. To avoid the question, he urged settlers in New Mexico and California to bypass the territorial stage and draft constitutions for statehood, setting the stage for the Compromise of 1850. Taylor died suddenly of a stomach-related illness in July 1850, ensuring he would have little impact on the sectional divide that led to civil war a decade later.

In 1832,  South Carolina passes the Ordinance of Nullification, declaring that the Tariffs of 1832 and 1838 were null and void in the state, beginning the Nullification Crisis.

In 1835,  The Texas Provincial Government authorizes the creation of a horse-mounted police force called the Texas Rangers (which is now the Texas Ranger Division of the Texas Department of Public Safety).

In 1850,  Danish troops defeat a Schleswig-Holstein force in the town of Lottorf, Schleswig-Holstein.

In 1859,  Charles Darwin publishes On the Origin of Species, the anniversary of which is sometimes called “Evolution Day”

Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and Gen. Braxton Bragg, commanding generals of the Chattanooga Campaign

In 1863,  American Civil War: Battle of Lookout Mountain – Near Chattanooga, Tennessee, Union forces under General Ulysses S. Grant capture Lookout Mountain and begin to break the Confederate siege of the city led by General Braxton Bragg.

In 1864,  Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, French painter (d. 1901) was born.

In 1867,  Scott Joplin, American composer and pianist (d. 1917) born.

In 1877,  Alben W. Barkley, American politician, 35th Vice President of the United States was born. He (dies on April 30, 1956) was the 35th Vice President of the United States, from 1949 to 1953. He was elected U.S. Representative from Kentucky’s First District in 1912 as a liberal Democrat, supporting President Woodrow Wilson‘s New Freedom domestic agenda and foreign policy. In 1926 he entered the U.S. Senate, where he supported the New Deal, and was elected to succeed Senate Majority Leader Joseph T. Robinson upon Robinson’s death in 1937. He resigned as majority leader after President Franklin D. Roosevelt ignored his advice and vetoed the Revenue Act of 1943, but the veto was overridden and he was unanimously re-elected to the position. Barkley had a better working relationship with Harry S. Truman, who ascended to the presidency after Roosevelt’s death in 1945. At the 1948 Democratic National Convention, Barkley gave a keynote address that energized the delegates. Truman selected him as a running mate for the upcoming election and the Democratic ticket scored an upset victory. (The United States Revenue Act of 1943 increased federal excise taxes on, among other things, alcohol, jewelry, telephones, and admissions, and raised the excess profits tax rate from 90% to 95%.)

In 1887,  Erich von Manstein, German military officer (d. 1973) born.

In 1906,  A 13-6 victory by the Massillon Tigers over their rivals, the Canton Bulldogs, for the “Ohio League” Championship, leads to accusations that the championship series was fixed and results in the first major scandal in professional American football.

In 1916,  Hiram Stevens Maxim, American-English inventor, invented the Maxim gun (b. 1840) died.

In 1922,  Author and Irish Republican Army member Robert Erskine Childers and eight others are executed by an Irish Free State firing squad for illegally carrying a revolver.

In 1925,  William F. Buckley, Jr., American publisher and author, founded the National Review (d. 2008) born.

In 1932,  In Washington, D.C., the FBI Scientific Crime Detection Laboratory (better known as the FBI Crime Lab) officially opens.

In 1935, – The Senegalese Socialist Party holds its second congress.

In 1940,  World War II: First Slovak Republic becomes a signatory to the Tripartite Pact, officially joining the Axis powers.

In 1941,  World War II: The United States grants Lend-Lease to the Free French.

In 1941,  Donald “Duck” Dunn, American bass player and songwriter (Booker T. and the M.G.’s, The Mar-Keys, and The Blues Brothers) (d. 2012) born.

In 1943,  World War II: The USS Liscome Bay is torpedoed near Tarawa and sinks, killing 650 men.

In 1944,  World War II: Bombing of Tokyo – The first bombing raid against the Japanese capital from the east and by land is carried out by 88 American aircraft.

In 1950,  The “Storm of the Century“, a violent snowstorm, takes shape on this date before paralyzing the northeastern United States and the Appalachians the next day, bringing winds up to 100 mph and sub-zero temperatures. Pickens, West Virginia, records 57 inches of snow. 353 people would die as a result of the storm.

In 1962,  The West Berlin branch of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany forms a separate party, the Socialist Unity Party of West Berlin.

In 1962,  The influential British satirical television programme That Was the Week That Was is first broadcast.

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Lee Harvey Oswald

In 1963,  Lee Harvey Oswald, the alleged assassin of President John F. Kennedy, is murdered two days after the assassination, by Jack Ruby in the basement of Dallas police department headquarters. The shooting happens to be broadcast live on television. He was an American former U.S. Marine and Marxist. Oswald is reported to have shot and killed Kennedy from a sniper’s nest as the President traveled by motorcade through Dealey Plaza in the city of Dallas, Texas. Oswald was honorably discharged from the Marine Corps and defected to the Soviet Union in October 1959. He lived in the Belarusian city of Minsk until June 1962, at which time he returned to the United States with his Russian wife Marina and eventually settled in Dallas.

In 1963,  Vietnam War: Newly sworn-in US President Lyndon B. Johnson confirms that the United States intends to continue supporting South Vietnam both militarily and economically.

In 1965,  Joseph Désiré Mobutu seizes power in the Congo and becomes President; he rules the country (which he renames Zaire in 1971) for over 30 years, until being overthrown by rebels in 1997.

In 1966,  Bulgarian TABSO Flight 101 crashes near Bratislava, Czechoslovakia, killing all 82 people on board.

In 1969,  Apollo program: The Apollo 12 command module splashes down safely in the Pacific Ocean, ending the second manned mission to land on the Moon.

In 1971,  During a severe thunderstorm over Washington state, a hijacker calling himself Dan Cooper (AKA D. B. Cooper) parachutes from a Northwest Orient Airlines plane with $200,000 in ransom money. He has never been found.

In 1973,  A national speed limit is imposed on the Autobahn in Germany because of the 1973 oil crisis. The speed limit lasted only four months.

In 1974,  Donald Johanson and Tom Gray discover the 40% complete Australopithecus afarensis skeleton, nicknamed “Lucy” (after The Beatles song “Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds“), in the Awash Valley of Ethiopia‘s Afar Depression.

In 1976,  The 1976 Çaldıran-Muradiye earthquake in eastern Turkey kills between 4,000 and 5,000 people.

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Barack Hussein Obama, Sr

In 1982,  Barack Obama, Sr., Kenyan economist  (b. 1936) died. He was a Kenyan senior governmental economist and the father of U.S. President Barack Obama. He is a central figure of his son’s memoir, Dreams from My Father (1995). Obama married in 1954 and had two children with his first wife, Kezia. He was selected for a special program to attend college in the United States, where he went to the University of Hawaii. There, Obama met Stanley Ann Dunham, whom he married in 1961 and divorced three years later, after having a son, Barack II, named after him. The elder Obama later went to Harvard University for graduate school, earning an M.A. in economics and returned to Kenya in 1964. Later that year, Obama married Ruth Beatrice Baker, a Jewish American woman with whom he had developed a relationship in Massachusetts. They had two sons together before separating in 1971 and divorcing in 1973. Obama first worked for an oil company, before beginning work as an economist with the Kenyan Ministry of Transport. He gained a promotion to senior economic analyst in the Ministry of Finance. Among a cadre of young Kenyan men educated in the West in a program supported by Tom Mboya, Obama had conflicts with Kenyan President Jomo Kenyatta, which adversely affected his career. He was fired and blacklisted in Kenya, finding it nearly impossible to get a job. Drinking heavily, Obama suffered three serious car accidents, the last of which claimed his life in 1982. Obama was born in Rachuonyo District  on the shores of Lake Victoria just outside Kendu Bay, Kenya Colony, at the time a colony of the British Empire.

Pat-Morita (Karate Kid).jpgIn 2005,  Pat Morita, American actor (b. 1932) died on November 24, 2005, at his home in Las Vegas of kidney failure at the age of 73. He was an American stand-up comic, as well as a film and television actor who was well known for playing the roles of Matsuo “Arnold” Takahashi on Happy Days (1975–1983) and Mr. Kesuke Miyagi in The Karate Kid movie series, for which he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor in 1985. Additional notable roles include the Emperor of China in the Disney animated film Mulan (1998) and Ah Chew in Sanford and Son (1974–1976). Morita was the series lead actor in the television program Mr. T and Tina (1976), and Ohara (1987–1988), a police-themed drama. Both made history for being among the few TV shows with an Asian American series lead. Both shows were aired on ABC, but were short-lived. He was survived by his wife of 11 years, Evelyn, his children from previous marriages, Erin, Aly and Tia, two grandchildren, siblings Gloria Imagire, Clarence Saika, Teddy Saika, Peggy Saika and his then 92-year-old mother, Dorothy Sueko Saika (1913–2009), of Milpitas, California.

In 2012,  A fire at a clothing factory in Dhaka, Bangladesh, kills at least 112 people.

In 2013,  Iran signs an interim agreement with the P5+1 countries, limiting its nuclear program in exchange for reduced sanctions.

In 2015,  A Russian Air Force Sukhoi Su-24 fighter jet is shot down by the Turkish Air Force over the Syria–Turkey border, killing one of the two pilots; a Russian marine is also killed during a subsequent rescue effort.

In 2015,  A terrorist attack on a hotel in Al-Arish, Egypt, kills at least seven people and injures 12 others.

In 2015,  An explosion on a bus carrying Tunisian Presidential Guard personnel in Tunisia’s capital Tunis leaves at least 14 people dead.

In 2016,  The government of Colombia and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia—People’s Army sign a revised peace deal, bringing an end to the country’s more than 50-year-long civil war.

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