November 26th in History

This day in historyNovember 26 is the 330th day of the year (331st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 35 days remaining until the end of the year. There are 28 days till Christmas…..

Holidays

History

In 783,  The Asturian queen Adosinda is put up in a monastery to prevent her kin from retaking the throne from Mauregatus.

In 1161,  Battle of Caishi: A Song dynasty fleet fights a naval engagement with Jin dynasty ships on the Yangtze river during the Jin–Song Wars.

Vlad Tepes 002.jpg

Vlad Tepes

In 1476,  Vlad the Impaler (Dracula) defeats Basarab Laiota with the help of Stephen the Great and Stephen V Bathory and becomes the ruler of Wallachia for the third time.

In 1604,  Johannes Bach, German composer and musician was born. (d. 1673)

In 1703,  The Great Storm of 1703, the greatest windstorm ever recorded in the southern part of Great Britain, makes landfall. Winds gust up to 120 mph, and 9,000 people die.

In 1778,  In the Hawaiian Islands, Captain James Cook becomes the first European to visit Maui.

In 1784,  The Catholic Apostolic Prefecture of the United States established.

In 1789,  A national Thanksgiving Day is observed in the United States as recommended by President George Washington and approved by Congress.

In 1805,  Official opening of Thomas Telford‘s Pontcysyllte Aqueduct.

In 1825,  At Union College in Schenectady, New York a group of college students form Kappa Alpha Society, the first college social fraternity.

Thomas Buck Reed.jpgIn 1829,  Thomas Buck Reed, United States Senator (b. 1787) dies in Lexington, Kentucky. He was buried in the Old Baptist Cemetery. He was a United States Senator from Mississippi.

Thomas Buck Reed was born on May 7, 1787 near Lexington, Kentucky. He attended the public schools and the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University.) He studied law and was admitted to the bar.

He commenced legal practice in Lexington in 1808. In 1809, he moved to Natchez, Mississippi and served as a city clerk in 1811. He was an unsuccessful candidate for Delegate to Congress in 1813, and was attorney general of Mississippi from 1821 to 1826. His party affiliation was Jacksonian.

In 1825, he was elected to the Mississippi House of Representatives but declined to take his seat; he was elected to the U.S. Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of David Holmes and served from January 28, 1826, to March 3, 1827. He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1827, but was again elected to the Senate in 1828 and served from March 4, 1829.

In 1842,  The University of Notre Dame is founded.

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Bat Masterson

In 1853Bat Masterson, Canadian-American sheriff and journalist (d. 1921) was born on this day.

In 1863,  President Abraham Lincoln proclaims November 26 as a national Thanksgiving Day, to be celebrated annually on the final Thursday of November (since 1941, on the fourth Thursday).

In 1865,  Battle of Papudo: A Spanish navy Schooner is defeated by a Chilean Corvette north of Valparaiso, Chile.

Sojourner truth c1870.jpgIn 1883, Sojourner Truth dies. She was born Isabella (“Bell”) Baumfree; c. 1797) was an black abolitionist and women’s rights activist. Truth was born into slavery in Swartekill, Ulster County, New York, but escaped with her infant daughter to freedom in 1826. After going to court to recover her son, in 1828 she became the first black woman to win such a case against a white man.

She gave herself the name Sojourner Truth in 1843. Her best-known speech was delivered extemporaneously, in 1851, at the Ohio Women’s Rights Convention in Akron, Ohio. The speech became widely known during the Civil War by the title “Ain’t I a Woman?,” a variation of the original speech re-written by someone else using a stereotypical Southern dialect; whereas Sojourner Truth was from New York and grew up speaking Dutch as her first language. During the Civil War, Truth helped recruit black troops for the Union Army; after the war, she tried unsuccessfully to secure land grants from the federal government for former slaves.

In 2014, Truth was included in Smithsonian magazine’s list of the “100 Most Significant Americans of All Time”.

In 1917,  The National Hockey League is formed, with the Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Wanderers, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Bulldogs, and Toronto Arenas as its first teams.

In 1918,  The Podgorica Assembly votes for “union of the people”, declaring assimilation into the Kingdom of Serbia.

In 1922,  Howard Carter and Lord Carnarvon become the first people to enter the tomb of Pharaoh Tutankhamun in over 3000 years.

In 1922,  Toll of the Sea debuts as the first general release film to use two-tone Technicolor (The Gulf Between is the first film to do so but it is not widely distributed).

Charlie Brown and Snoopy

In 1922Charles M. Schulz, American cartoonist (d. 2000) born this day.

In 1939,  Shelling of Mainila: The Soviet Army orchestrates the incident which is used to justify the start of the Winter War with Finland four days later.

In 1942,  World War II: Yugoslav Partisans convene the first meeting of the Anti-Fascist Council of National Liberation of Yugoslavia at Bihać in northwestern Bosnia.

In 1943,  World War II: HMT Rohna sunk by the Luftwaffe in an air attack in the Mediterranean north of Béjaïa, Algeria.

Butch O'Hare.jpgIn 1943,  Edward O’Hare, American lieutenant and pilot (b. 1914) dies while he was leading the U.S. Navy’s first-ever nighttime fighter attack launched from an aircraft carrier. During this encounter with a group of Japanese torpedo bombers, O’Hare’s F6F Hellcat was shot down; his aircraft was never found. He was an Irish-American naval aviator of the United States Navy, who on February 20, 1942 became the Navy’s first flying ace when he single-handedly attacked a formation of 9 heavy bombers approaching his aircraft carrier. Even though he had a limited amount of ammunition, he managed to shoot down or damage several enemy bombers. On April 21, 1942, he became the first naval recipient of the Medal of Honor in World War II. In 1945, the U.S. Navy destroyer USS O’Hare (DD-889) was named in his honor.

A few years later, Colonel Robert R. McCormick, publisher of the Chicago Tribune, suggested that the name of Chicago’s Orchard Depot Airport be changed as a tribute to Butch O’Hare. On September 19, 1949, the Chicago, Illinois airport was renamed O’Hare International Airport to honor O’Hare’s bravery. The airport displays a Grumman F4F-3 museum aircraft replicating the one flown by Butch O’Hare during his Medal of Honor flight. The Grumman F4F-3 Wildcat on display was recovered virtually intact from the bottom of Lake Michigan, where it sank after a training accident in 1943 when it went off the training aircraft carrier USS Wolverine (IX-64). In 2001, the Air Classics Museum remodeled the aircraft to replicate the F4F-3 Wildcat that O’Hare flew on his Medal of Honor flight. The restored Wildcat is exhibited in the west end of Terminal 2 behind the security checkpoint to honor O’Hare International Airport’s namesake.

In 1944,  World War II: A German V-2 rocket hits a Woolworth’s shop on New Cross High Street, United Kingdom, killing 168 shoppers.

In 1944,  World War II: Germany begins V-1 and V-2 attacks on Antwerp, Belgium.

In 1949,  The Indian Constituent Assembly adopts India‘s constitution presented by Dr. B. R. Ambedkar.

In 1950,  Korean War: Troops from the People’s Republic of China launch a massive counterattack in North Korea against South Korean and United Nations forces (Battle of the Ch’ongch’on River and Battle of Chosin Reservoir), ending any hopes of a quick end to the conflict.

In 1965,  In the Hammaguir launch facility in the Sahara Desert, France launches a Diamant-A rocket with its first satellite, Asterix-1 on board.

In 1968,  Vietnam War: United States Air Force helicopter pilot James P. Fleming rescues an Army Special Forces unit pinned down by Viet Cong fire and is later awarded the Medal of Honor.

In 1970,  In Basse-Terre, Guadeloupe, 1.5 inches (38.1 mm) of rain fall in a minute, the heaviest rainfall ever recorded.

In 1977,  An unidentified hijacker named ‘Vrillon‘, claiming to be the representative of the ‘Ashtar Galactic Command’, takes over Britain’s Southern Television for six minutes at 5:12 pm.

In 1983,  Brink’s-MAT robbery: In London, 6,800 gold bars worth nearly £26 million are stolen from the Brink’s-MAT vault at Heathrow Airport.

In 1986,  Iran-Contra scandal: U.S. President Ronald Reagan announces the members of what will become known as the Tower Commission.

In 1990,  The Delta II rocket makes its maiden flight.

In 1991,  National Assembly of Azerbaijan abolishes the autonomous status of Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast of Azerbaijan and renames several cities back to their original names.

In 1998,  Tony Blair becomes the first Prime Minister of the United Kingdom to address the Republic of Ireland‘s parliament.

In 2000,  George W. Bush is certified the winner of Florida’s electoral votes by Katherine Harris, going on to win the United States presidential election, despite losing in the national popular vote.

In 2003,  Concorde makes its final flight, over Bristol, England.

In 2004,  Ruzhou School massacre: a man stabs and kills eight people and seriously wounds another four in a school dormitory in Ruzhou, China.

In 2004,  The last Po’ouli (Black-faced honeycreeper) dies of Avian malaria in the Maui Bird Conservation Center in Olinda, Hawaii before it could breed, making the species in all probability extinct.

In 2008,  2008 Mumbai attacks by Pakistan-sponsored Lashkar-e-Taiba.

In 2011,  2011 NATO attack in Pakistan: NATO forces in Afghanistan attack a Pakistani checkpost in a friendly fire incident, killing 24 soldiers and wounding 13 others.

In 2011,  The Mars Science Laboratory launches to Mars with the Curiosity Rover.

In 2012,  Aam Aadmi Party Indian political party formally started.

Joseph Murray.pngIn 2012,  Joseph Murray, American surgeon and soldier, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1919) suffered a stroke at his suburban Boston home on Thanksgiving and died at Brigham and Women’s Hospital. He was an American plastic surgeon who performed the first successful human kidney transplant on identical twins Richard and Ronald Herrick on December 23, 1954. Murray shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1990 with E. Donnall Thomas for their discoveries concerning “organ and cell transplantation in the treatment of human disease.” On December 23, 1954, Murray performed the world’s first successful renal transplant between the identical Herrick twins at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital (later Brigham and Women’s Hospital), an operation that lasted five and a half hours. He was assisted by Dr. J. Hartwell Harrison and other noted physicians. In Operating Room 2 of the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital, Murray transplanted a healthy kidney donated by Ronald Herrick into his twin brother Richard, who was dying of chronic nephritis. Richard lived for eight more years, following the operation. In 1959, Murray went on to perform the world’s first successful allograft and, in 1962, the world’s first cadaveric renal transplant. Throughout the following years, Murray became an international leader in the study of transplantation biology, the use of immunosuppressive agents, and studies on the mechanisms of rejection. In the 1960s, top scientists investigating immunosuppressive drugs sought to work with Murray. Together, they tailored the new drug Imuran (generic azathioprine) for use in transplants. The discovery of Imuran and other anti-rejection drugs, such as prednisone, allowed Murray to carry out transplants from unrelated donors. By 1965, the survival rates after receiving a kidney transplant from an unrelated donor exceeded 65%.

In 2013, Washington Post to sell historic office building. The Post confirmed Wednesday it has agreed a deal to sell its historic office building in the heart of the American capital. The newspaper said the sale of the building, situated just a stone’s throw from the White House, to a property firm would be sealed by March next year for $159 million. The paper, which is now owned by Amazon founder Jeff Bezos, will continue to rent space in the building until a new headquarters is found. The Post’s search for new premises had begun before Bezos bought the paper earlier this year.

In 2013, Justices agree to review another ObamaCare challenge The Supreme Court is wading back into the battle over ObamaCare. The high court, which upheld the law’s individual mandate to buy insurance last year, agreed on Tuesday to review a provision requiring private companies to offer coverage of birth control and other reproductive health benefits with no co-pay. Appeals courts have sided with employers who say some treatments, such as morning-after pills designed to prevent embryos from implanting, violate their religious beliefs. [CNN]

In 2014, Members of an open-carry group marched alongside demonstrators protesting the Ferguson grand jury decision Wednesday night in Dallas, Texas. Three individuals belonging to a group called “Come and Take It” trailed protesters, saying they were there to step in and protect private property if things spiraled out of control. “If, per chance, private property starts to be damaged this evening, we’ll put ourselves in between the crowd and private property,” member Matthew Short told WFAA-TV.

In 2015, A push by cities across the country to get into the business of the Internet is raising concerns that local governments, with Washington’s blessing, are meddling where they are not needed — and wasting taxpayer dollars in the process.

The push was fueled earlier this year, when President Obama in January introduced a plan for municipal broadband projects which, according to the administration, would encourage “competition and choice” while offering a “level-playing field” for high-speed Internet access.

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