December 7th in History

This day in historyDecember 7 is the 341st day of the year (342nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 24 days remaining until the end of the year. There are 17 days before Christmas… keep telling yourself there is plenty of time still…..

Holidays

Armed Forces Flag Day (India)

Christian Feast Day:

Eve of the Immaculate Conception-related observances:

International Civil Aviation Day (International)

National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day (United States)

Spitak Remembrance Day (Armenia)

Student Day (Iran)

History

In 43 BCMarcus Tullius Cicero is assassinated.

In 574,  Emperor Justin II retires due to recurring seizures of insanity. He abdicates the throne in favor of his general Tiberius, proclaiming him Caesar.

Henry-stuart-darnley.jpg

Henry Stuart Darnley

In 1545Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, English husband of Mary, Queen of Scots was born.  (d. 1567)

In 1703,  The Great Storm of 1703, the greatest windstorm ever recorded in the southern part of Great Britain, makes landfall. Winds gust up to 120 mph, and 9,000 people die.

In 1724,  Tumult of Thorn: Religious unrest is followed by the execution of nine Protestant citizens and the mayor of Thorn (Toruń) by Polish authorities.

In 1732,  The Royal Opera House opens at Covent Garden, London, England.

In 1776,  Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette, arranges to enter the American military as a major general.

In 1787,  Delaware becomes the first state to ratify the United States Constitution.

WilliamBligh.jpegIn 1817,  William Bligh, English admiral and politician, 4th Governor of New South Wales (b. 1745) dies. He was an officer of the British Royal Navy and a colonial administrator. A historic mutiny occurred during his command of HMS Bounty in 1789; Bligh and his loyal men made a remarkable voyage to Timor, 3,618 nautical miles (6,701 km; 4,164 mi), after being set adrift in the Bounty’s launch by the mutineers.

Fifteen years after the Bounty mutiny, he was appointed Governor of New South Wales in Australia, with orders to clean up the corrupt rum trade of the New South Wales Corps. His activities resulted in the so-called Rum Rebellion, during which Bligh was again placed under arrest and deposed from his command.

In 1862,  American Civil War: Battle of Prairie Grove, Arkansas.

In 1869,  American outlaw Jesse James commits his first confirmed bank robbery in Gallatin, Missouri.

In 1917,  World War I: The United States declares war on Austria-Hungary.

In 1930,  W1XAV in Boston, Massachusetts telecasts video from the CBS radio orchestra program, The Fox Trappers. The telecast also includes the first television commercial in the United States, an advertisement for I.J. Fox Furriers, who sponsored the radio show.

In 1936,  Australian cricketer Jack Fingleton becomes the first player to score centuries in four consecutive Test innings.

In 1941,  World War II: Attack on Pearl Harbor – The Imperial Japanese Navy carries out a surprise attack on the United States Pacific Fleet and its defending Army and Marine air forces at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. (For Japan’s near-simultaneous attacks on Eastern Hemisphere targets, see December 8.)

Deaths

 

In 1946,  A fire at the Winecoff Hotel in Atlanta, Georgia, kills 119 people, the deadliest hotel fire in U.S. history.

In 1949,  Chinese Civil War: The government of the Republic of China moves from Nanking to Taipei, Taiwan.

In 1962,  Prince Rainier III of Monaco revises the principality‘s constitution, devolving some of his power to advisory and legislative councils.

In 1963,  Instant replay makes its debut during an American ArmyNavy football game.

In 1965,  Pope Paul VI and Patriarch Athenagoras I simultaneously revoke mutual excommunications that had been in place since 1054.

In 1971,  Pakistan President Yahya Khan announces the formation of a coalition government with Nurul Amin as Prime Minister and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto as Deputy Prime Minister.

In 1972, Apollo 17, the last Apollo moon mission, is launched. The crew takes the photograph known as The Blue Marble as they leave the Earth.

In 1975,  Indonesia invades East Timor.

In 1975, Thornton Niven Wilder (born April 17, 1897) died. He was an American playwright and novelist. He won three Pulitzer Prizes—for the novel The Bridge of San Luis Rey and for the two plays Our Town and The Skin of Our Teeth —and a U.S. National Book Award for the novel The Eighth Day.

In 1982,  In Texas, Charles Brooks, Jr., becomes the first person to be executed by lethal injection in the United States.

In 1983,  An Iberia Airlines Boeing 727 collides with an Aviaco DC-9 in dense fog while the two airliners are taxiing down the runway at Madrid–Barajas Airport, killing 93 people.

In 1986, Frances Brien Neudecker dies at home. She was a 1937 graduate of the former Jackson High School and a graduate of University of Tennessee School of Nursing in Memphis, Tennessee. She was the mother of four, three sons and one daughter and married to her husband, Roy,  for 46 years.

In 1987,  Pacific Southwest Airlines Flight 1771 crashes near Paso Robles, California, killing all 43 on board, after a disgruntled passenger shoots his ex-boss traveling on the flight, then shoots both pilots and himself.

In 1988,  Spitak Earthquake: In Armenia an earthquake measuring 6.9 on the Richter scale kills more than 25,000, injures 30,000 and leaves 500,000 homeless out of a population of 3,500,000.

In 1988,  Yasser Arafat recognizes the right of Israel to exist.

In 1993,  The Long Island Rail Road massacre: Passenger Colin Ferguson murders six people and injures 19 others on the LIRR in Nassau County, New York.

In 1995,  The Galileo spacecraft arrives at Jupiter, a little more than six years after it was launched by Space Shuttle Atlantis during Mission STS-34.

In 1999,  A&M Records, Inc. v. Napster, Inc.: The Recording Industry Association of America sues the peer-to-peer file-sharing service Napster, alleging copyright infringement.

In 2003,  The Conservative Party of Canada is officially registered, following the merger of the Canadian Alliance and the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada.

In 2005,  Rigoberto Alpizar, a passenger on American Airlines Flight 924 who allegedly claimed to have a bomb, is shot and killed by a team of U.S. federal air marshals at Miami International Airport.

In 2005,  Ante Gotovina, a Croatian army general accused of war crimes, is captured in the Playa de las Américas, Tenerife, by Spanish police.

In 2006,  A tornado strikes Kensal Green, North West London, seriously damaging about 150 properties.

In 2007,  The Hebei Spirit oil spill begins in South Korea after a crane barge that had broken free from a tug collides with the Very Large Crude Carrier, Hebei Spirit.

ElizabethEdwardsReno.jpgIn 2010, Elizabeth Anania Edwards (born Mary Elizabeth Anania; July 3, 1949 – December 7, 2010) died. She was an American attorney, a best-selling author and a health care activist. She was married to John Edwards, the former U.S. Senator from North Carolina who was the 2004 United States Democratic vice-presidential nominee. Edwards lived a private life until her husband’s rise as senator and ultimately unsuccessful vice presidential and presidential campaigns. She was his chief policy advisor during his presidential bid, and was instrumental in pushing him towards more liberal stances on subjects such as universal health care. She was also an advocate of gay marriage  and was against the war in Iraq, both topics about which she and her husband disagreed.

In 2015,  The JAXA probe Akatsuki successfully enters orbit around Venus five years after the first attempt.

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