- Christian feast day:
- Jefferson’s Birthday (United States)
- New Year festivals in South and Southeast Asian cultures. (see April 14):
- Assamese New Year, or Bohag Bihu (India’s Assam Valley) (non-Gregorian, can be either the 13th or 14th)
- Cambodian New Year (Non-Gregorian, can be either on the 13th or 14th)
- Malayali New Year, or Vishu (India’s Kerala state) (non-Gregorian, can be on the 13th or 14th)
- First day of Songkran (Lao) (Non-Gregorian, can be either on the 13th or 14th)
- First day of Songkran (Thailand)
- First day of Thingyan, April 13-16 (Burma)
In 1436, The French drive the English out of Paris (100 Year War)
In 1534, Sir Thomas More refuses to take the oath to the English succession
In 1775, Lord North extends the New England Restraining Act to South Carolina, Virginia, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Maryland. The act forbids trade with any country other than Britain and Ireland.
In 1782, Washington, NC was incorporated as the first town to be named for George Washington.
In 1796, The first elephant ever seen in the United States arrives from India.
In 1862, The Treaty of Shanghai was signed by France and Annam annexing the province of Cochinchina to France. Annam was an empire in what is now Vietnam.
In 1869, the steam power (air) brake was patented by George Westinghouse.
In 1870, The New York City Metropolitan Museum of Art is founded.
In 1890, Samuel J. Randall, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 33rd Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (b. 1828) died in Washington, D.C. in 1890 while still in office. He was a Pennsylvania politician, attorney, soldier, and a prominent Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives during the late 19th century. He served as the 33rd Speaker of the House and was a contender for his party’s nomination for the President of the United States in two campaigns. He died poor, leaving behind no real estate and very few personal effects. Funeral expenses and a $300 allotment to his wife exhausted his entire estate.”
In 1895, Start of Sherlock Holmes “Adventure of the Solitary Cyclist” (BG).
In 1916, the first hybrid, seed corn was purchased for 15-cents a bushel by Samuel Ramsay of Jacobsburg, OH, today. Think about the profit when he started popping that corn…
In 1919, The establishment of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea.
In 1920, Helen Hamilton is appointed the first woman U.S. Civil Service Commissioner.
In 1941, German troops capture Belgrade, Yugoslavia.
In 1943, World War II: The discovery of mass graves of Polish prisoners of war killed by Soviet forces in the Katyń Forest Massacre is announced, causing a diplomatic rift between the Polish government in exile in London from the Soviet Union, which denies responsibility.
In 1944, Diplomatic relations between New Zealand and the Soviet Union are established.
In 1945, Massive firebombing raids by Allied bombers destroyed a large part of Tokyo.
In 1948, The Hadassah medical convoy massacre: In an ambush, 79 Jewish doctors, nurses and medical students from Hadassah Hospital and a British soldier are massacred by Arabs in Sheikh Jarra near Jerusalem.
In 1957, due to lack of funds, Saturday mail delivery in the U.S. was halted.
In 1960, France becomes the fourth nuclear nation exploding an A-Bomb in Sahara.
In 1961, John A. Bennett, American soldier (b. 1935) was hanged at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. was a United States Army soldier who was convicted and executed for the rape and attempted murder of an 11-year-old Austrian girl. As of 2013, he is the last person to have been executed by the U.S. military. Bennett was born in Virginia to a family of African American sharecroppers. He was epileptic, but managed to enlist in the U.S. Army when he was 18. Days before Christmas 1954, a heavily intoxicated Bennett left his base to find a brothel, but chanced upon an 11-year-old Austrian girl. He raped her, and then attempted to drown her in a nearby stream. He was convicted by a court-martial one month later and sentenced to death. President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed Bennett’s death warrant. Days before Bennett’s scheduled execution four years later, the girl and her parents wrote to President John F. Kennedy, asking that Bennett’s life be spared. Kennedy took no action on the appeals, letting his predecessor’s death warrant stand.
In 1965, 16-year-old Lawrence Wallace Bradford Jr. was appointed by New York Republican Jacob Javits to be the first black page of the U.S. Senate.
In 1972, The Universal Postal Union decides to recognize the People’s Republic of China as the only legitimate Chinese representative, effectively expelling the Republic of China administering Taiwan.
In 1975, Bus massacre in Lebanon: An attack by the Phalangist resistance kills 26 militia members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, marking the start of the 15-year Lebanese Civil War.
In 1984, Christopher Wilder, the FBI’s “most wanted man,” accidentally killed himself as police moved in to arrest him in New Hampshire. Wilder was a suspect in the deaths, rapes and disappearances of 11 young women in eight states.
In 1989, House Speaker Jim Wright delivered an emotional defense of his conduct against ethics charges, declaring he would “fight to the last ounce conviction and energy” he possessed. He resigned on May 31, 1989.
In 1990, the Soviet Union accepted responsibility and apologized for the World War II murders of thousands of imprisoned Polish officers who were shot in the Katyn Forest during World War II, a massacre the Soviets previously had blamed on the Nazis.
In 1993, Pulitzer Prizes were awarded to David McCullough for his biography “Truman,” to Robert Olen Butler for his collection of short stories “A Good Scent from a Strange Mountain” and to Tony Kushner for his drama “Angels in America: Millennium Approaches.” The gold medal for public service went to The Miami Herald for its Hurricane Andrew coverage.
In 1995, A federal appeals court opened the way for Shannon Faulkner to become the first woman to take part in military training at The Citadel.
In 1998, Dolly, the cloned sheep, gave birth the natural way to Bonnie in a normal delivery.
In 1999, Right-to-die advocate Dr. Jack Kevorkian was sentenced in Pontiac, Michigan, to ten to 25 years in prison for second-degree murder in the lethal injection of a Lou Gehrig’s disease patient.
In 2007, Memorial services for Joyce Lee Gregory, 54 will be held at 12:00 noon at First Baptist Church in Jackson with Dr. Craig Christina and Rev. Randy Carter officiating. Lee died Tuesday, April 10, 2007 at Jackson Madison County General Hospital. Lee graduated with me in 1970 from Jackson High School and attended Union University. She worked as legal assistant for the Hill Boren Law firm.
In 2008, In Memphis, Michael Hooks Jr., was sentenced to 30 days in federal prison last Wednesday for his role in a bogus-invoice scam in 2001 in the Juvenile Court Clerk’s Office which was uncovered as a part of Operation TN Waltz. Hooks pleaded guilty in January to accepting $1,500 in fees for consulting work at Juvenile Court for work he did not do. Among the other politicans convicted and serving sentences in TN Waltz are Hook’s father, Michael Hooks, Sr. and former State Sen. John Ford.
In 2015, Gerald Calabrese, American basketball player and politician (b. 1925) dies at the age of 90. He was an American politician who served as Mayor of Cliffside Park, New Jersey continuously for 50 years, from 1965 to 2015. He was a member of the Democratic Party. Earlier in life, Calabrese played in the NBA for two seasons with the Syracuse Nationals.
Calabrese was a graduate of Cliffside Park High School, where he led the school’s team to the state basketball championship. After serving in the United States Navy during World War II, he attended St. John’s University, where he was chosen for All-American honors. He went on to a professional basketball career with the Syracuse Nationals, predecessor to today’s Philadelphia 76ers.
Calabrese was elected to the Cliffside Park Borough Council in 1955, and then became mayor in 1959. He was re-elected as mayor in 1965 and served continuously as the borough’s chief executive until his death in 2015. He was elected to the Bergen County Board of Chosen Freeholders in 1975, 1978 and 1982, and was Freeholder Director in 1984. From 1960 until January 1991, Calabrese was employed by the New Jersey Board of Public Utilities, retiring as the director of water and sewage. He also served as chairman of the Bergen County Democratic Organization for multiple years.
As of 2008, Calabrese was the longest serving mayor in the State of New Jersey. He secured hundreds of thousands of dollars, sometimes millions, every year for the borough of Cliffside Park.