September 13th in History

This day in historySeptember 13 is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 109 days remaining until the end of the year.



In 585 BC,  Lucius Tarquinius Priscus, king of Rome, celebrates a triumph for his victories over the Sabines, and the surrender of Collatia.

In 509 BC,  The Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus on Rome’s Capitoline Hill is dedicated on the ides of September.

In 379,  Yax Nuun Ayiin I is coroneted as 15 Ajaw of Tikal

In 533,  Belisarius of the Byzantine Empire defeats Gelimer and the Vandals at the Battle of Ad Decimum, near Carthage, North Africa.

In 1229,  Ögedei Khan is proclaimed Khagan of the Mongol Empire in Kodoe Aral, Khentii: Mongolia.

In 1437,  Battle of Tangier: a Portuguese expeditionary force initiates a failed attempt to seize the Moroccan citadel of Tangier.

In 1501,  Michelangelo begins work on his statue of David.

In 1504,  Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand issue a Royal Warrant for the construction of a Royal Chapel (Capilla Real) to be built.

In 1541,  After three years of exile, John Calvin returns to Geneva to reform the church under a body of doctrine known as Calvinism.

In 1584,  San Lorenzo del Escorial Palace in Madrid is finished.

In 1609,  Henry Hudson reaches the river that would later be named after him – the Hudson River.

In 1645,  Battle of Philiphaugh Covenanters win the Day over the royalists.

In 1743,  Great Britain, Austria and the Kingdom of Sardinia sign the Treaty of Worms.

James Wolfe.jpegIn 1759,  Battle of the Plains of Abraham: the British defeat the French near Quebec City in the Seven Years’ War, known in the United States as the French and Indian WarJames Wolfe, English general (b. 1727) dies. Wolfe’s part in the taking of Quebec in 1759 earned him posthumous fame, and he became an icon of Britain’s victory in the Seven Years War and subsequent territorial expansion. He was depicted in the painting The Death of General Wolfe, which became famous around the world. Wolfe was posthumously dubbed “The Hero of Quebec”, “The Conqueror of Quebec”, and also “The Conqueror of Canada”, since the capture of Quebec led directly to the capture of Montreal, ending French control of the country.

In 1782,  American Revolutionary War: Franco-Spanish troops launch the unsuccessful “grand assault” during the Great Siege of Gibraltar.

In 1786, the Connecticut Act of Cession is signed, ceding all Connecticut claims to lands of Ohio, except the Western Reserve, to the Federal government.

In 1788,  The Philadelphia Convention sets the date for the first presidential election in the United States, and New York City becomes the country’s temporary capital.

In 1789, The U.S. receives its first loan, negotiated with the Bank of New York and the Bank of North America — at 6% interest. The national debt has grown a little over the years. Americans now owe about $58,000 each, as their share of the debt. The loan was used to pay the salaries of the President and the members of congress (the action was technically illegal).

In 1791,  King Louis XVI of France accepts the new constitution.

In 1808,  Finnish War: In the Battle of Jutas, Swedish forces under Lieutenant General Georg Carl von Döbeln beat the Russians, making von Döbeln a Swedish war hero.

In 1812,  War of 1812: A supply wagon sent to relieve Fort Harrison is ambushed in the Attack at the Narrows.

In 1814,  In a turning point in the War of 1812, the British fail to capture Baltimore. During the battle, Francis Scott Key composes his poem “Defence of Fort McHenry”, which is later set to music and becomes the United States’ national anthem.

In 1843,  The Greek Army rebels (OS date: September 3) against the autocratic rule of king Otto of Greece, demanding the granting of a constitution.

In 1847,  Mexican–American War: Six teenage military cadets known as Niños Héroes die defending Chapultepec Castle in the Battle of Chapultepec. American troops under General Winfield Scott capture Mexico City in the Mexican–American War.

In 1848,  Vermont railroad worker Phineas Gage survives a 3-foot 7-inch (1.1 m) iron rod being driven through his head; the reported effects on his behavior and personality stimulate thinking about the nature of the brain and its functions.

In 1850,  First ascent of Piz Bernina, the highest summit of the eastern Alps.

In 1862,  American Civil War: Union soldiers find a copy of Robert E. Lee‘s battle plans in a field outside Frederick, Maryland. It is the prelude to the Battle of Antietam.

In 1869, Jay Gould and Jim Fisk began buying up all the gold they could afford in an attempt to corner the market. After two weeks of panic on Wall Street, the U-S government dumped four-million dollars worth of gold on the market…causing the scheme to collapse.

Ambrose Burnside - retouched.jpgIn 1881,  Ambrose Burnside, American general and politician, 30th Governor of Rhode Island (b. 1824) dies. He was an American soldier, railroad executive, inventor, industrialist, and politician from Rhode Island, serving as governor and a United States Senator. As a Union Army general in the American Civil War, he conducted successful campaigns in North Carolina and East Tennessee, as well as countering the raids of Confederate General John Hunt Morgan, but suffered disastrous defeats at the terrible Battle of Fredericksburg and Battle of the Crater. His distinctive style of facial hair became known as sideburns, derived from his last name. He was also the first president of the National Rifle Association.

In 1882,  Anglo-Egyptian War: The Battle of Tel el-Kebir is fought.

In 1898,  Hannibal Goodwin patents celluloid photographic film.

In 1899,  Henry Bliss is the first person in the United States to be killed in an automobile accident. As Mr. Bliss stepped off a streetcar at Central Park West and 74th Street, he was hit by a car driven by Arthur Smith. Bliss was rushed to the hospital but died a short time later. Smith was arrested but was never held.

In 1899, Mackinder, Ollier and Brocherel make the first ascent of Batian (5,199 m – 17,058 ft), the highest peak of Mount Kenya.

In 1900,  Filipino resistance fighters defeat a small American column in the Battle of Pulang Lupa, during the Philippine–American War.

In 1906,  First flight of a fixed-wing aircraft in Europe.

In 1914,  World War I: South African troops open hostilities in German south-west Africa (Namibia) with an assault on the Ramansdrift police station.

Race to the Sea 1914.png

Map of the Western Front and the Race to the Sea, 1914

In 1914 – World War I: The Battle of Aisne begins between Germany and France.

In 1922,  The final act of the Greco-Turkish War, the Great Fire of Smyrna, commences.

In 1922, The world’s highest shade temperature on the Earth’s surface was recorded in El Azizia, Libya, which reached 136.4 degrees Fahrenheit.

In 1923,  Following a military coup in Spain, Miguel Primo de Rivera takes over, setting up a dictatorship.

In 1933,  Elizabeth McCombs becomes the first woman elected to the New Zealand Parliament.

In 1935,  Rockslide near Whirlpool Rapids Bridge ends the International Railway (New York–Ontario).

In 1940, The luxury liner S.S. City of Benares sailed from Liverpool with over 90 British children who were being evacuated to Canada to escape harm during World War II. About 600 miles out to sea, the ship was torpedoed by a German submarine during the night and only 13 of the children survived the disaster.

In 1942,  World War II: Second day of the Battle of Edson’s Ridge in the Guadalcanal Campaign. U.S. Marines successfully defeated attacks by the Imperial Japanese Army with heavy losses for the Japanese forces.

In 1943,  The Municipal Theatre of Corfu is destroyed during an aerial bombardment by Luftwaffe.

In 1948,  Deputy Primer Minister of India Vallabhbhai Patel ordered the Army to move into Hyderabad to integrate it with the Indian Union.

In 1948,  Margaret Chase Smith is elected United States senator, and becomes the first woman to serve in both the U.S. House of Representatives and the United States Senate.

In 1953,  Nikita Khrushchev is appointed General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.

In 1956,  The dike around the Dutch polder East Flevoland is closed.

In 1956,  The IBM 305 RAMAC is introduced, the first commercial computer to use disk storage.

In 1963, Mary Kay, the direct-sales cosmetic company, is founded by nine people gathered around Mary Kay Ash’s kitchen table.

In 1964,  South Vietnamese Generals Lâm Văn Phát and Dương Văn Đức fail in a coup attempt against General Nguyễn Khánh.

In 1968,  Albania leaves the Warsaw Pact.

In 1970, IBM announced The System 370 computer.

In 1971,  State police and National Guardsmen storm New York’s Attica Prison to quell a prison revolt.

In 1971 – Chairman Mao Zedong‘s second in command and successor Marshal Lin Biao flees the People’s Republic of China after the failure of an alleged coup. His plane crashes in Mongolia, killing all aboard.

In 1977, At the height of the energy crisis, Oldsmobile rolls out the first American-made cars built to run on diesel fuel.

In 1979,  South Africa grants independence to the “homeland” of Venda (not recognised outside South Africa).

In 1985,  Super Mario Bros. is released in Japan for the NES, which starts the Super Mario series of platforming games.

In 1987,  Goiânia accident: A radioactive object is stolen from an abandoned hospital in Goiânia, Brazil, contaminating many people in the following weeks and causing some to die from radiation poisoning.

In 1988,  Hurricane Gilbert is the strongest recorded hurricane in the Western Hemisphere, later replaced by Hurricane Wilma in 2005 (based on barometric pressure).

In 1989,  Largest anti-Apartheid march in South Africa, led by Desmond Tutu.

In 1993,  Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin shakes hands with Palestine Liberation Organization chairman Yasser Arafat at the White House after signing the Oslo Accords granting limited Palestinian autonomy.

In 1994,  Ulysses probe passes the Sun’s south pole.

George C Wallace.jpgIn 1998George Wallace, American sergeant, lawyer, and politician, 45th Governor of Alabama (b. 1919) died of septic shock from a bacterial infection in Jackson Hospital in Montgomery, AL. He was an American politician and the 45th Governor of Alabama, having served two nonconsecutive terms and two consecutive terms as a Democrat: 1963–1967, 1971–1979 and 1983–1987. Wallace has the third longest gubernatorial tenure in post-Constitutional U.S. history, at 16 years and four days. A 1972 assassination attempt left Wallace paralyzed, and he used a wheelchair for the remainder of his life. He is remembered for his Southern populist and segregationist attitudes during the mid-20th century period of the African-American civil rights movement and activism, which gained passage of federal civil rights legislation in the mid-1960s to enforce constitutional rights for all citizens. He eventually renounced segregationism but remained a populist

In 2001,  Civilian aircraft traffic resumes in the United States after the September 11 attacks.

Dorothy McGuire in Gentleman's Agreement trailer cropped.jpgIn 2001Dorothy McGuire, American actress (b. 1916) dies of cardiac arrest following a brief illness at the age of 83. She was an American actress. She was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress for Gentleman’s Agreement (1947). She was married to Life magazine photographer John Swope (1908–1979) for more than 35 years, she had a son, photographer Mark Swope, and a daughter Topo (born 1948), who also became an actress.

In 2006,  Kimveer Gill kills one student and injures 19 more in the Dawson College shooting.

In 2007,  The Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples is adopted by the United Nations General Assembly.

In 2007, In an effort to make the city of Jackson the best it can be, LANA, Lambuth Area Neighborhood Association, started preparing for a long term relationship with the city of Jackson.

These are the sub committees that Scott Parrish proposed fall under Government Affairs for LANA.


Train and prepare for disaster response.

2) City Code Relations

a) collect resident complaints of property code violations
b) monitor violations and resolved violations
c) report possible violations and resolutions
d) maintain database of property owners
e) maintain database of reported violations

3) Friendship (the Meet and Greet guys)

a) welcome new residents into LANA
b) provide new and existing residents with information of how to become involved with LANA
c) make available and distribute specific information that is additional to the LANA newsletter
d) maintain a working relationship with LANA Communications Committee to improve involvement among LANA residents

4) Community Improvement ( the “I’m glad you are my mayor. What have you done for me lately?” guys)

Some of the suggested projects

a) petition for sidewalk repairs and additions
b) petition to have streets blocked that should not be pass through
c) find support for area wide Wi Fi
d) Work with TVA on “green power incentives”
e) petition for additional signage as needed (children playing, stop signs, traffic lights)
f) undertake other large scale projects that would contribute to LANA being a safer, cleaner, more family oriented community.

In 2008,  Delhi, India, is hit by a series of bomb blasts, resulting in 30 deaths and 130 injuries.

In 2008,  Hurricane Ike makes landfall on the Texas Gulf Coast of the United States, causing heavy damage to Galveston Island, Houston and surrounding areas.

In 2013,  Taliban insurgents attack the United States consulate in Herat, Afghanistan, with two members of the Afghan National Police reported dead and about 20 civilians injured.

In 2015, Rick Perry First to Call It Quits from the Presidential Race. Former Texas Governor Rick Perry announced the suspension of his presidential campaign.  In his announcement he said “We have a tremendous field of candidates – probably the greatest group of men and women. I step aside knowing our party is in good hands, as long as we listen to the grassroots, listen to that cause of conservatism. If we do that, then our party will be in good hands.”

In 2015, Rocky Top Politics hits a milestone of 250,000 hits

In 2018,  The Merrimack Valley gas explosions: One person is killed, 25 are injured, and 40 homes are destroyed when excessive natural gas pressure caused fires and explosions.

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