June 29th in History

This day in historyJune 29 is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 185 days remaining until the end of the year.

Holidays

History

In 226,  Cao Pi dies after an illness; his son Cao Rui succeeds him as emperor of the Kingdom of Wei.

In 1149,  Raymond of Poitiers is defeated and killed at the Battle of Inab by Nur ad-Din Zangi.

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Contemporary bust of Sverre from the Nidaros Cathedral, dated c. 1200

In 1194,  Sverre is crowned King of Norway.

In 1444,  Skanderbeg defeats an Ottoman invasion force at Torvioll.

In 1534,  Jacques Cartier is the first European to reach Prince Edward Island.

Hollar Globe.gifIn 1613,  The Globe Theatre in London burns to the ground.

In 1620, An agreement between the English and the Virginia Company prohibited the growing of tobacco in England.

In 1644,  Charles I of England defeats a Parliamentarian detachment at the Battle of Cropredy Bridge, the last battle won by an English King on English soil.

In 1652, The Massachusetts Colony declares itself an independent Commonwealth

In 1659,  At the Battle of Konotop the Ukrainian armies of Ivan Vyhovsky defeat the Russians led by Prince Trubetskoy.

Charles Townshend spearheaded the Townshend Acts, but died before their detrimental effects became apparent.

In 1767, The British Parliament approved the Townshend Revenue Acts, which imposed import duties on such things as glass, lead, paint, paper and tea shipped to America. Colonists bitterly protested the Acts, which were repealed in 1770.

In 1776,  First privateer battle of the American Revolutionary War fought at Turtle Gut Inlet near Cape May, New Jersey

In 1776, The Virginia state constitution was adopted, and Patrick Henry named governor.

In 1776 – Father Francisco Palou founds Mission San Francisco de Asís in what is now San Francisco.

In 1786,  Alexander Macdonell and over five hundred Roman Catholic highlanders leave Scotland to settle in Glengarry County, Ontario.

In 1807,  Russo-Turkish War: Admiral Dmitry Senyavin destroys the Ottoman fleet in the Battle of Athos.

In 1848, High Bridge, over the Harlem River, connecting Manhattan with the Bronx, was completed and opened.

In 1850,  Autocephaly officially granted by the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople to the Church of Greece.

In 1850, Part of Table Rock at Niagara Falls collapsed

Henry Clay-headshot.jpgIn 1852,  Henry Clay, American lawyer and politician, 9th United States Secretary of State (b. 1777) dies. He was an American lawyer, politician, and skilled orator who represented Kentucky in both the United States Senate and House of Representatives. He served three different terms as Speaker of the House of Representatives and was also Secretary of State from 1825 to 1829. He lost his campaigns for president in 1824, 1832 and 1844.

Clay was a very dominant figure in both the First and Second Party systems. As a leading war hawk in 1812, he favored war with Britain and played a significant role in leading the nation to war in the War of 1812. In 1824 he ran for president and lost, but maneuvered House voting in favor of John Quincy Adams, who made him secretary of state as the Jacksonians denounced what they considered a “corrupt bargain.” He ran and lost again in 1832 and 1844 as the candidate of the Whig Party, which he founded and usually dominated. Clay was the foremost proponent of the American System, fighting for an increase in tariffs to foster industry in the United States, the use of federal funding to build and maintain infrastructure, and a strong national bank. He opposed the annexation of Texas, fearing it would inject the slavery issue into politics. Clay also opposed the Mexican-American War and the “Manifest Destiny” policy of Democrats, which cost him votes in the close 1844 election. Dubbed the “Great Pacificator,” Clay brokered important compromises during the Nullification Crisis and on the slavery issue. As part of the “Great Triumvirate” or “Immortal Trio,” along with his colleagues Daniel Webster and John C. Calhoun, he was instrumental in formulating the Missouri Compromise of 1820 and the Compromise of 1850. He was viewed as the primary representative of Western interests in this group, and was given the names “Henry of the West” and “The Western Star.” A plantation owner, Clay held slaves during his lifetime but freed them in his will.

Abraham Lincoln, the Whig leader in Illinois, was a great admirer of Clay, saying he was “my ideal of a great man.” Lincoln wholeheartedly supported Clay’s economic programs. In 1957, a Senate Committee selected Clay as one of the five greatest U.S. Senators, along with Daniel Webster, John C. Calhoun, Robert La Follette, and Robert A. Taft.

In 1854, The U.S. Senate ratified the $10 million Gadsden Purchase from Mexico, adding more than 29,000 square miles to the territories of Arizona and New Mexico and completing the modern geographical boundaries of the contiguous 48 states.

In 1858, the Treaties of Tientsin opens eleven more Chinese ports to foreigners, and legalizes the trafficking of opium.

Elizabeth Barrett Browning.jpgIn 1861,  Elizabeth Barrett Browning, English poet (b. 1806) dies. She was one of the most prominent English poets of the Victorian era. Her poetry was widely popular in both Britain and the United States during her lifetime.

Born in County Durham, the eldest of 12 children, Elizabeth Barrett was educated at home. She wrote poetry from around the age of six and this was compiled by her mother, comprising what is now one of the largest collections extant of juvenilia by any English writer. At 15 she became ill, suffering from intense head and spinal pain for the rest of her life, rendering her frail. She took laudanum for the pain, which may have led to a lifelong addiction and contributed to her weak health.

In the 1830s Elizabeth’s cousin John Kenyon introduced her to prominent literary figures of the day such as William Wordsworth, Mary Russell Mitford, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Alfred Tennyson and Thomas Carlyle. Her first adult collection, The Seraphim and Other Poems, was published in 1838. During this time she contracted a disease, possibly tuberculosis, which weakened her further. Living at Wimpole Street, in London, she wrote prolifically between 1841 and 1844, producing poetry, translation and prose. She campaigned for the abolition of slavery and her work helped influence reform in the child labour legislation. Her prolific output made her a rival to Tennyson as a candidate for poet laureate on the death of Wordsworth.

Elizabeth’s volume Poems (1844) brought her great success. During this time she met and corresponded with the writer Robert Browning, who admired her work. The courtship and marriage between the two were carried out in secret, for fear of her father’s disapproval. Following the wedding she was disinherited by her father and rejected by her brothers. The couple moved to Italy in 1846, where she would live for the rest of her life. They had one son, Robert Barrett Browning, whom they called Pen. Towards the end of her life, her lung function worsened, and she died in Florence in 1861. A collection of her last poems was published by her husband shortly after her death.

Elizabeth was brought up in a strongly religious household, and much of her work carries a Christian theme. Her work had a major influence on prominent writers of the day, including the American poets Edgar Allan Poe and Emily Dickinson. She is remembered for such poems as “How Do I Love Thee?” (Sonnet 43, 1845) and Aurora Leigh (1856).

How do I love thee?

Let me count the ways.

I love thee to the depth and breadth and height

My soul can reach, when feeling out of sight

For the ends of Being and ideal Grace.

I love thee to the level of everyday’s

Most quiet need, by sun and candlelight.

I love thee freely, as men strive for Right;

I love thee purely, as they turn from Praise.

I love thee with the passion put to useIn my old griefs, and with my childhood’s faith.

I love thee with a love I seemed to lose

With my lost saints,—I love thee with the breath,

Smiles, tears, of all my life!—and, if God choose,

I shall but love thee better after death.

In 1863, George A Custer (23) appointed Union Brig-general.

In 1863, General Robert E. Lee orders his forces to concentrate near Gettysburg, PA.

In 1864,  Ninety-nine people are killed in Canada’s worst railway disaster near St-Hilaire, Quebec.

In 1874,  Greek politician Charilaos Trikoupis publishes a manifesto in the Athens daily Kairoi entitled “Who’s to Blame?” in which he lays out his complaints against King George. He is elected Prime Minister of Greece the next year.

In 1880,  France annexes Tahiti.

In 1881,  In Sudan, Muhammad Ahmad declares himself to be the Mahdi, the messianic redeemer of Islam.

In 1888,  George Edward Gouraud records Handel‘s Israel in Egypt onto a phonograph cylinder, thought for many years to be the oldest known recording of music.

In 1889,  Hyde Park and several other Illinois townships vote to be annexed by Chicago, forming the largest United States city in area and second largest in population.

Lassie with Robert Bray as U.S. Forest Ranger Corey Stuart

In 1891, The National Forest Service was formed.

In 1895,  Doukhobors burn their weapons as a protest against conscription by the Tsarist Russian government.

In 1905, The Automobile Association was formed in London by 50 motorists to counter what they saw as police hostility toward the motor car.

In 1906, Mesa Verde National Park established by Congress. Established by Congress and President Theodore Roosevelt in 1906, the park occupies 52,485 acres (21,240 ha) near the Four Corners region of the American Southwest. With more than 5,000 sites, including 600 cliff dwellings, it is the largest archaeological preserve in the United States.

In 1906, The Hepburn Act, named for congressman William Hepburn of Ohio, or the Railroad Rate Act, is passed, empowering the Interstate Commerce Commission to regulate railroad, pipeline and terminal rates.

In 1913, Second Balkan War begins-Bulgaria overthrows Greek/Serbian troops.

In 1914,  Jina Guseva attempts to assassinate Grigori Rasputin at his home town in Siberia.

In 1915,  The North Saskatchewan River flood of 1915 is the worst flood in Edmonton history.

In 1916,  The Irish Nationalist and British diplomat Roger Casement is sentenced to death for his part in the Easter Rising.

In 1922,  France grants 1 km² at Vimy Ridge “freely, and for all time, to the Government of Canada, the free use of the land exempt from all taxes”.

In 1924, Marvin Pipkin, an American chemist, patented a process for frosting the inside of lamp bulbs without weakening them, and in 1947, he patented a process for coating the inside of lamps with silica. The frosted bulb is now common in businesses and homes everywhere. It was a bright idea. The frosting inside the light bulb creates less glare because it diffuses the light emitted, spreading it over a wider area, providing a much softer glow.

In 1926,  Arthur Meighen returns to office as Prime Minister of Canada.

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Fokker C-2 Bird of Paradise

In 1927,  The Bird of Paradise, a U.S. Army Air Corps Fokker tri-motor, completes the first transpacific flight, from the mainland United States to Hawaii.

In 1927,  First test of Wallace Turnbull‘s controllable-pitch propeller.

In 1928,  The Outerbridge Crossing and Goethals Bridge in Staten Island, New York are both opened.

In 1932, USSR & China sign no attack treaty.

Harmon Killebrew

Harmon Killebrew (Born June 29, 1936 – May 17, 2011) was an American professional baseball first basemanthird baseman, and left fielder. During his 22-year career in Major League Baseball, primarily with the Minnesota Twins, Killebrew was a prolific power hitter who, at the time of his retirement, had the fourth most home runs in major league history. Second only to Babe Ruth in home runs in the American League, he was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1984. He led the American League six times in home runs and three times in runs batted in (RBIs), and was named to thirteen All-Star teams. His finest season was 1969, when he hit 49 home runs and recorded 140 RBIs. Known for his quick hands and exceptional upper body strength, Killebrew hit the longest measured home runs at Minnesota’s Metropolitan Stadium, 520 ft (158 m), and Baltimore’s Memorial Stadium, 471 ft (144 m). He was the first of four batters to hit a baseball over the left field roof at Detroit’s Tiger Stadium.

In 1940, In the spring issue of Batman Comics, mobsters rubbed out a circus high wire team known as the Flying Grayson’s, leaving their son an orphan. Dick Grayson was then adopted by millionaire Bruce Wayne and became his sidekick, Robin.

In 1943, U.S. forces land in New Guinea and the Solomon Islands.

In 1945,  Carpathian Ruthenia is annexed by the Soviet Union.

In 1946, British authorities arrested more than 2,700 Jews in Palestine in an attempt to stamp out alleged terrorism.

In 1949, South Africa began implementing apartheid; a policy of racial segregation; no racially-mixed marriages allowed.

In 1954, The Atomic Energy Commission voted against reinstating Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer’s access to classified information.

In 1956,  The Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956 is signed, officially creating the United States Interstate Highway System.

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A Royal Air Force VC10 K3 tanker in 2000.

In 1962, The first flight of the Vickers (British Aerospace) VC-10 long-range airliner. Although only a relatively small number of VC10s were built, they provided long service with BOAC and other airlines from the 1960s to 1981. They were also used from 1965 as strategic air transports for the Royal Air Force, and ex-passenger models and others were used as aerial refuelling aircraft.

In 1964, Civil Rights Act of 1964 passed after 83-day filibuster in Senate.

In 1965, USAF Capt Joseph Henry Engle reaches 85,530 m in X-15.

In 1966, Hanoi and Haiphong in North Vietnam are bombed for the first time in the Vietnam War.

In 1967, Jerusalem was reunified as Israel removed barricades separating the Old City from the Israeli sector.

In 1970, the last U.S. troops leave Cambodia, ending two months of military expansion in Southeast Asia. What a lie that was!

In 1972,  The United States Supreme Court ruled 5-4 in the case Furman v. Georgia that arbitrary and inconsistent imposition of the death penalty violates the Eighth and Fourteenth Amendments, and constitutes cruel and unusual punishment. The ruling prompted states to revise their capital punishment laws. It was rescinded in 1976 and capital punishment was allowed for crimes of murder.

In 1973, the Federal Energy Office is established.

In 1974,  Isabel Perón is sworn in as the first female President of Argentina. Her husband, President Juan Perón, had delegated responsibility due to weak health and died two days later.

In 1974Mikhail Baryshnikov defects from the Soviet Union to Canada while on tour with the Kirov Ballet.

In 1975,  Steve Wozniak tested his first prototype of Apple I computer.

In 1976,  The Seychelles become independent from the United Kingdom.

In 1976,  The Conference of Communist and Workers Parties of Europe convenes in East Berlin

In 1981, Hu Yaobang, a protege of Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping, was elected Communist Party chairman, replacing Mao Tse-tung’s handpicked successor, Hua Guofeng.

In 1987, In a surprise move, the chairman of South Korea’s ruling party, Roh Tae-woo, demanded democratic reforms of the man he was groomed to succeed, President Chun Doo-hwan, following weeks of violent protests that had racked the country. Chun agreed two days later.

In 1987, Vincent Van Gogh’s “Le Pont de Trinquetaille” brought in $20.4 million at an auction in London, England. No one knows who the anonymous European collector was who paid that staggering price for the piece of art. No one, that is, except the bidder.

In 1988, the U.S. Supreme Court upheld the power of independent counsels to prosecute illegal acts by high-ranking government officials, ruling the 1978 special prosecutor law did not violate the Constitution.

In 1990, Marla Maples father sued the National Enquirer for $12M.

In 1991, The European Community announced one-billion dollars in aid for the Soviet Union. After generations of opposing the Soviets, the allies of western Europe had decided that it was cheaper to prop up reformers than to risk having hardliners take over again.

In 1992, A divided U.S. Supreme Court ruled that women have a constitutional right to abortion, but the justices also weakened the right as defined by the Roe vs. Wade decision.

In 1992, The remains of Polish statesman Ignace Jan Paderewski, interred for five decades in the United States, were returned to his homeland in keeping with his wish to be buried in a free Poland.

In 1992, The president of Algeria was assassinated during a speech.

In 1994, the first-ever complete fossil of a pygmy mammoth skeleton (70,000-year-old) is found in one of the Channel Islands (off the coast of Calif.).

In 1995,  Space Shuttle program: STS-71 Mission (Atlantis) docks with the Russian space station Mir for the first time.

In 1995 – The Sampoong Department Store collapses in the Seocho District of Seoul, South Korea, killing 501 and injuring 937.

In 1996, Superman’s Action Comic #1 (1938) auctioned at Sotheby at $61,900.

In 1999, About 10,000 demonstrators rallied in central Serbia, demanding the resignation of President Slobodan Milosevic.

In 1999, Urging the biggest expansion in Medicare’s history, President Clinton proposed that the government help older Americans pay for prescription drugs.

In 2000, President Clinton nominated former Congressman Norman Mineta to lead the Commerce Department and become the first Asian-American Cabinet secretary.

In 2000, An overloaded ship carrying almost 500 people, many fleeing sectarian violence in Indonesia’s Maluku islands, sank, killing all but ten known survivors.

In 2002,  Naval clashes between South Korea and North Korea lead to the death of six South Korean sailors and sinking of a North Korean vessel.

In 2006,  Hamdan v. Rumsfeld: The U.S. Supreme Court rules that President George W. Bush‘s plan to try Guantanamo Bay detainees in military tribunals violates U.S. and international law.

In 2007,  Apple Inc. releases its first mobile phone, the iPhone.

In 2007, I was told that the county was going to approve a $50,000.00 capital appropriation for the Humane Society and will be looking for us (the city) to do the same. It appears the financial problems that the Society had last November have come again. I sent a letter to the commission opposing the contribution.

Both bodies voted in favor of giving $50,000.00 each.

In 2014,  The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant self-declared its caliphate in Syria and northern Iraq.

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