June 12th in History

This day in history

June 12 is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 202 days remaining until the end of the year.

Holidays

History

Basilica di aquilieia, cripta, affreschi registro inferiore 03.JPG

Lechfeld plain, near Augsburg, Bavaria

In 910,  Battle of Augsburg: The Hungarians defeat the East Frankish army under King Louis the Child, using the famous feigned retreat tactic of the nomadic warriors.

In 1240,  At the instigation of Louis IX of France, an inter-faith debate, known as the Disputation of Paris, starts between a Christian monk and four rabbis.

In 1381,  Peasants’ Revolt: In England, rebels arrive at Blackheath.

In 1418,  An insurrection delivers Paris to the Burgundians.

In 1429,  Hundred Years’ War: Joan of Arc leads the French army in their capture of the city and the English commander, William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk in the second day of the Battle of Jargeau.

In 1550,  The city of Helsinki, Finland (belonging to Sweden at the time) is founded by King Gustav I of Sweden.

In 1560,  Battle of Okehazama: Oda Nobunaga defeats Imagawa Yoshimoto.

Pocahontas by Simon van de Passe 1616.jpgIn 1616, Pocahontas arrives in England. Pocahontas (born Matoaka, known as Amonute, and later known as Rebecca Rolfe, c. 1595 – March 1617) was a Virginia Indian notable for her association with the colonial settlement at Jamestown, Virginia. Pocahontas was the daughter of Powhatan, the paramount chief of a network of tributary tribal nations in the Tsenacommacah, encompassing the Tidewater region of Virginia. In a well-known historical anecdote, she is said to have saved the life of an Indian captive, Englishman John Smith, in 1607 by placing her head upon his own when her father raised his war club to execute him. The general consensus of historians is that this story, as told by Smith, is untrue. Pocahontas was captured by the English during Anglo-Indian hostilities in 1613, and held for ransom. During her captivity, she converted to Christianity and took the name Rebecca. When the opportunity arose for her to return to her people, she chose to remain with the English. In April 1614, she married tobacco planter John Rolfe, and in January 1615, bore him a son, Thomas Rolfe.

In 1653,  First Anglo-Dutch War: The Battle of the Gabbard begins and lasts until June 13.

In 1665,  England installs a municipal government in New York City (the former Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam) after the Dutch pulled out. New York City was incorporated as a city. New Amsterdam would later be renamed New York. Why they changed it, they didn’t say, people just liked it better that way.

In 1667, The first successful blood transfusion was carried out by Jean-Baptiste Denys, personal physician to King Louis XIV of France, on a 15-year-old-boy using blood from a sheep.

In 1672, the British government made it illegal to utter any criticism of the British government.

In 1758,  French and Indian War: Siege of Louisbourg: James Wolfe‘s attack at Louisbourg, Nova Scotia commences.

In 1775,  American Revolution: British general Thomas Gage declares martial law in Massachusetts. The British offer a pardon to all colonists who lay down their arms. There would be only two exceptions to the amnesty: Samuel Adams and John Hancock, if captured, were to be hanged.

In 1776,  The Virginia Declaration of Rights is adopted.

In 1792, George Vancouver discovers site of Vancouver, B.C.

In 1798,  Irish Rebellion of 1798: Battle of Ballynahinch.

In 1860,  The State Bank of the Russian Empire is established.

In 1864,  American Civil War, Overland Campaign: Battle of Cold Harbor: Ulysses S. Grant gives the Confederate forces under Robert E. Lee a victory when he pulls his Union troops from their positions at Cold Harbor, Virginia and moves south.

In 1889,  Eighty are killed in the Armagh rail disaster near Armagh in what is now Northern Ireland.

In 1898,  Philippine Declaration of Independence: General Emilio Aguinaldo declares the Philippines‘ independence from Spain.

In 1897, Swiss cutlery maker Karl Elsener patented his penknife, a “useful pocket tool,” later to become known as the Swiss army knife.

In 1899,  New Richmond tornado: The eighth deadliest tornado in U.S. history kills 117 people and injures around 200.

In 1920, the Farmer Labor Party was organized in Chicago.

In 1922,  At Windsor Castle, King George V receives the colours of the six Irish regiments that are to be disbanded: The Royal Irish Regiment, the Connaught Rangers, the South Irish Horse, the Prince of Wales’s Leinster Regiment, the Royal Munster Fusiliers and the Royal Dublin Fusiliers.

Al Capone in 1930.jpg

Al Capone in 1930

In 1931, Scarface Al Capone was indicted on 5000 violations of prohibition and perjury.

In 1932,  A ceasefire is negotiated between Bolivia and Paraguay, ending the Chaco War

In 1934, the Black-McKeller Bill passed, causing Boeing empire to break up into Boeing United Aircraft [Technologies] and United Air Lines.

In 1935, Senator Huey Long of Louisiana spoke continually for 15 1/2 hours in the Senate. It was the longest speech on record. His 150,000 world filled 100 pages in the Congressional Record and cost the government $5,000 to print.

In 1939,  Shooting begins on Paramount PicturesDr. Cyclops, the first horror film photographed in three-strip Technicolor.

In 1939,  The Baseball Hall of Fame opens in Cooperstown, New York.

In 1940,  World War II: Thirteen thousand British and French troops surrender to Major General Erwin Rommel at Saint-Valery-en-Caux.

In 1942,  Anne Frank receives a diary for her thirteenth birthday.

In 1943,  Holocaust: Germany liquidates the Jewish Ghetto in Brzeżany, Poland (now Berezhany, Ukraine). Around 1,180 Jews are led to the city’s old Jewish graveyard and shot.

In 1944,  American paratroopers of the 101st Airborne Division secure the town of Carentan.

In 1954,  Pope Pius XII canonises Dominic Savio, who was 14 years old at the time of his death, as a saint, making him the youngest unmartyred saint in the Roman Catholic Church.

In 1963,  Civil rights leader Medgar Evers is murdered in front of his home in Jackson, Mississippi by Ku Klux Klan member Byron De La Beckwith.

In 1963, SHOW-BIZ NEWS United Artists pictures sells its Santa Monica Boulevard lot to a real estate developer. It will be turned into a shopping center.

In 1964,  Anti-apartheid activist and ANC leader Nelson Mandela is sentenced to life in prison for sabotage in South Africa.

In 1967,  The United States Supreme Court in Loving v. Virginia declares all U.S. state laws which prohibit interracial marriage to be unconstitutional.

In 1967,  Venera program: Venera 4 is launched (it will become the first space probe to enter another planet‘s atmosphere and successfully return data).

In 1972,  The fast food restaurant chain Popeyes is founded in Arabi, Louisiana.

In 1978,  David Berkowitz, the “Son of Sam” killer in New York City, is sentenced to 365 years in prison for six killings.

In 1979,  Bryan Allen wins the second Kremer prize for a man powered flight across the English Channel in the Gossamer Albatross. The  American 26-year-old cyclist peddled the flight  which took 2 hrs, 49 min. He was the first person to achieve this … feet of flight.

In 1981, more than 800,000 demonstrate against nuclear proliferation in Central Park, N.Y. City, the largest rally against nuclear arms ever held in America.

In 1987,  The Central African Republic‘s former Emperor Jean-Bédel Bokassa is sentenced to death for crimes he had committed during his 13-year rule.

In 1987,  Cold War: At the Brandenburg Gate U.S. President Ronald Reagan publicly challenges Mikhail Gorbachev to tear down the Berlin Wall.

In 1990,  Russia Day: The parliament of the Russian Federation formally declares its sovereignty.

In 1991,  Russians elect Boris Yeltsin as the president of the republic.

In 1991,  1991 Kokkadichcholai massacre: The Sri Lankan Army massacres 152 minority Tamil civilians in the village Kokkadichcholai near the eastern province town of Batticaloa, Sri Lanka.

In 1993,  An election takes place in Nigeria which and is later annulled by the military Government led by Ibrahim Babangida.

In 1994,  Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman are murdered outside her home in Los Angeles, California. O.J. Simpson is later acquitted of the killings, but is held liable in wrongful death civil suit.

In 1994,  The Boeing 777, the world’s largest twinjet, makes its first flight.

OGrady-conference-bosnia.jpgIn 1995, rescued Air Force Captain Scott O’Grady was treated to lunch at the White House and a hero’s welcome at the Pentagon. He is a former United States Air Force fighter pilot. On June 2, 1995, he was shot down over Bosnia by an SA-6 mobile SAM launcher and forced to eject from his F-16C into hostile territory. After nearly a week of evading the Serbs he was eventually rescued by Marines. Previously he took part in the Banja Luka incident where he fired upon six enemy aircraft. The 2001 film Behind Enemy Lines is loosely based upon his experiences.

In 1996,  In Philadelphia, a panel of federal judges blocks a law against indecency on the internet.

In 1997,  Queen Elizabeth II reopens the Globe Theatre in London.

In 1998, in biggest high-tech acquisition, Compaq Computer to pay $9 billion for Digital Equipment Corp.

In 1999,  Kosovo War: Operation Joint Guardian begins when a NATO-led United Nations peacekeeping force (KFor) enters the province of Kosovo in Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

In 2009,  A disputed presidential election in Iran leads to wide ranging protests in Iran and around the world.

In 2013, Edward Snowden, a 29-year-old employee of a National Security Agency (NSA) contractor, Booz Allen Hamilton, hoped that with the election of President Obama in 2008 the surveillance state in America would at least be partially dismantled. When it was clear that the infrastructure of that vast intelligence community and its increasingly threatening capabilities was continuing to grow, it also became obvious to Snowden what he had to do: “I realized that I was part of something that was doing far more harm than good.” In an interview with Glenn Greenwald of the British newspaper The Guardian, Snowden explained:

The NSA has built an infrastructure that allows it to intercept almost everything. With this capability, the vast majority of human communications are automatically ingested without targeting.

If I wanted to see your emails or your wife’s phone, all I have to do is use intercepts. I can get your emails, passwords, phone records [even] credit cards.

I don’t want to live in a society that does these sort of things … I do not want to live in a world where everything I do and say is recorded. That is not something I am willing to support or live under.

In 2014, ISIS seized Iraq’s second biggest city Mosul on June 8, 2014 and June 11, 2014 took over Saddam Hussein’s hometown of Tikrit, is today pushing ahead with its aim to overthrow the western-backed Shia-led government as part of its goal to create an Islamic emirate spanning both sides of the Iraq-Syria border.

In 2014, Government union demands firing of ‘Duck Dynasty’ fans for ‘I Support Phil’ decals. A government union at Eglin Air Force base in Florida says two senior managers should be fired, or at least removed from their leadership roles, because they have decals on their vehicles that read: “Duck Dynasty: I Support Phil.”

In 2016,  Forty-nine civilians are killed and 53 others injured in an attack on a gay nightclub in Orlando, Florida; the gunman, Omar Mateen, was killed in a gunfight with police.

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