June 13th in History

This day in history

June 13 is the 164th day of the year (165th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 201 days remaining until the end of the year.




In 313,  The Edict of Milan, signed by Constantine the Great and co-emperor Valerius Licinius granting religious freedom throughout the Roman Empire, is posted in Nicomedia.

Robertthebruce.jpgIn 1324, The Kingship of Robert I, “the Bruce,” King of Scots, is recognized by Pope John XXII. Despite Bannockburn and the capture of the final English stronghold at Berwick in 1318, Edward II still refused to give up his claim to the overlordship of Scotland. In 1320, the Scottish magnates and nobles submitted the Declaration of Arbroath to Pope John XXII, declaring that Robert was their rightful monarch and asserting Scotland’s status as an independent kingdom. In 1324 the Pope recognized Robert as king of an independent Scotland, and in 1326 the Franco-Scottish alliance was renewed in the Treaty of Corbeil. In 1327, the English deposed Edward II in favour of his son, Edward III, and peace was temporarily concluded between Scotland and England with the Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton, by which Edward III renounced all claims to sovereignty over Scotland. Robert I died on 7 June 1329. His body is buried in Dunfermline Abbey, while his heart was interred in Melrose Abbey. Bruce’s lieutenant and friend Sir James Douglas agreed to take the late King’s embalmed heart on crusade to the Lord’s Sepulchre in the Holy Land, but he only reached Moorish Granada. Douglas was killed in battle during the siege of Teba while fulfilling his promise. His body and the casket containing the embalmed heart were found upon the field. They were both conveyed back to Scotland by Sir William Keith of Galston.

In 1373,  Anglo-Portuguese Alliance between England (succeeded by the United Kingdom) and Portugal is the oldest alliance in the world which is still in force.

In 1381,  The Peasants Revolt led by Wat Tyler culminated in the burning of the Savoy Palace.

In 1525,  Martin Luther marries Katharina von Bora, against the celibacy rule decreed by the Roman Catholic Church for priests and nuns.

In 1625,  King Charles I of England marries Henrietta Maria of France, Princess of France

In 1633, the Maryland charter is issued to Lord Cecil Baltimore.

In 1740,  Georgia provincial governor James Oglethorpe begins an unsuccessful attempt to take Spanish Florida during the Siege of St. Augustine.

In 1774,  Rhode Island becomes the first of Britain’s North American colonies to ban the importation of slaves.

Gilbert du Motier Marquis de Lafayette.PNG

Lafayette as a lieutenant general, in 1791. Portrait by Joseph-Désiré Court

In 1777, American Revolutionary War: Marquis de Lafayette lands near Charleston, South Carolina, in order to help the Continental Congress to train its army.

In 1789, Mrs. Alexander Hamilton serves ice cream for dessert to Washington.

In 1805,  Lewis and Clark Expedition: scouting ahead of the expedition, Meriwether Lewis and four companions sight the Great Falls of the Missouri River.

In 1825, Walter Hunt of New York City patented an invention so he can pay a $15 debt. It only took him 3 hours to make a sketch of his idea, the safety pin, to which he sold the rights for $400 dollars. Since then, billions of safety pins have been sold.

In 1837, first Mormon missionaries to the British Isles leave Kirtland, Ohio.

In 1841, The first Canadian parliament met in Ottawa

In 1864, The U.S. House of Representatives voted to repeal the Fugitive Slave Act. No longer did escaped slaves face forcible return to their owners.

In 1866, House passes 14th Amendment (Civil rights for blacks).

In 1868, Oscar J Dunn (a black) is elected Lt Governor of Louisiana.

In 1881 – The USS Jeannette is crushed in an Arctic Ocean ice pack.

In 1886A fire devastates much of Vancouver, British Columbia.

Crown Prince Ludwig of Bavaria (left) with his parents and younger brother Prince Otto in 1860.

In 1886King Ludwig II of Bavaria is found dead in Lake Starnberg south of Munich at 11:30 PM. The king of Bavaria Ludwig II committed suicide. Or so it was said. This particular Bavarian monarch was a little on the weird side…building a huge mountain castle based on themes and characters in Wagner operas. There seems to be more than a little possibility that the king’s death was actually not his idea at all. The bodies of both the King and Dr. von Gudden were found, head and shoulders above the shallow water near the shore. The King’s watch had stopped at 6:54. Gendarmes patrolling the park had heard and seen nothing. Ludwig’s death was officially ruled a suicide by drowning, but the official autopsy report indicated that no water was found in his lungs.

In 1888, the U.S. Congress created the U.S. Department of Labor.

In 1890, the Supreme Council of the Mystic Order of Veiled Prophets of the Enchanted Realm (Freemasons) is instituted.

In 1893Grover Cleveland notices a rough spot in his mouth and on July 1 undergoes secret, successful surgery to remove a large, cancerous portion of his jaw; operation not revealed to US public until 1917, nine years after the president’s death.

In 1898Yukon Territory is formed, with Dawson chosen as its capital.

In 1900, China’s Boxer Rebellion against foreigners and Chinese Christians erupted into violence.

In 1910 – The University of the Philippines College of Engineering is established. This unit of the university is said to be the largest degree granting unit in the Philippines.

In 1912, the first successful parachute jump from an airplane was made by Captain Albert Berry in Jefferson, MS.

In 1917World War I: the deadliest German air raid on London during World War I is carried out by Gotha G bombers and results in 162 deaths, including 46 children, and 432 injuries.

In 1920, The U.S. Post Office Department rules that children may not be sent by parcel post

In 1927 – Aviator Charles Lindbergh receives a ticker-tape parade down 5th Avenue in New York City.

In 1927, On this day, for the first time, an American flag was displayed from the right hand of the Statue of Liberty in New York Harbor.

In 1933, the first sodium vapor lamps were installed in Schenectady, N.Y.

In 1933, the Federal Savings & Loan Association was established with the passing of the Homeowner’s Loan Act.

In 1942, President Franklin D. Roosevelt created the Office of War Information, and appointed radio news commentator Elmer Davis to be its head.

In 1943, German spies land on Long Island, New York, and are soon captured.

In 1944,  World War II: German combat elements – reinforced by the 17th SS Panzergrenadier Divisionlaunch a counterattack on American forces near Carentan.

In 1944 – World War II: Germany launches a V1 Flying Bomb attack on England. Only four of the eleven bombs actually hit their targets.

In 1952,  Catalina affair: a Swedish Douglas DC-3 is shot down by a Soviet MiG-15 fighter.

In 1955,  Mir Mine, the first diamond mine in the USSR, is discovered.

In 1956, the British give up the Suez Canal after 72 years. Egypt assumes responsibility.

In 1964, Nelson Mandela arrived on Robben Island to begin his life sentence, imposed the previous day.

In 1966,  The United States Supreme Court rules in Miranda v. Arizona that the police must inform suspects of their rights before questioning them.

In 1967,  U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson nominates Solicitor-General Thurgood Marshall to become the first black justice on the U.S. Supreme Court.

In 1969,  Governor of Texas Preston Smith signs a bill into law converting the former Southwest Center for Advanced Studies, originally founded as a research arm of Texas Instruments, into the University of Texas at Dallas.

In 1970,  “The Long and Winding Road” becomes the Beatles‘ last US Number 1 song.

In 1971,  Vietnam War: The New York Times begins publication of the Pentagon Papers.

In 1973, President Nixon orders a 60-day freeze on all retailed prices.

In 1977,  Convicted Martin Luther King Jr. assassin James Earl Ray is recaptured after escaping from prison three days before.

In 1978,  Israeli Defense Forces withdraw from Lebanon.

In 1979,  Darla Hood, American actress, voice actress, and singer (b. 1931) dies. She was busy organizing the 1980 Little Rascals reunion for the Los Angeles Chapter of The Sons of the Desert when she underwent an appendectomy at Canoga Park Hospital, Canoga Park, California. After the procedure, she died suddenly of heart failure on June 13, 1979; she was 47. An autopsy disclosed that Hood had contracted acute hepatitis from a blood transfusion given during the operation, leading to her death. She was an American child actress, best known as the leading lady in the Our Gang series from 1935 to 1941. She was born in Leedey, Oklahoma, the only child of James Claude Hood and Elizabeth Davner. Her father worked in a bank and her mother was a music teacher.

In 1979, The Sioux nation receives an estimated $100 million for an area of the Black Hills of South Dakota taken from them in 1877 (largest award ever received by an Indian group).

In 1980, Rep. John Jenrette, Jr. (D-SC) is indicted in “Abscam” investigation.

In 1980, UN Security Council calls for South Africa to free Nelson Mandela.

In 1981,  At the Trooping the Colour ceremony in London, a teenager, Marcus Sarjeant, fires six blank shots at Queen Elizabeth II.

In 1982,  Fahd becomes King of Saudi Arabia upon the death of his brother, Khalid.

In 1982,  Riccardo Paletti, was killed when he crashed on the start grid for the Canadian Grand Prix

In 1983,  Pioneer 10 becomes the first man-made object to leave the central Solar System when it passes beyond the orbit of Neptune (the furthest planet from the Sun at the time).

Benny Goodman 1942.jpgIn 1986,  Benny Goodman, American clarinet player, songwriter, and bandleader (b. 1909) dies He was an American jazz and swing musician, clarinetist and bandleader, known as the “King of Swing”. In the mid-1930s, Benny Goodman led one of the most popular musical groups in America. His January 16, 1938 concert at Carnegie Hall in New York City is described by critic Bruce Eder as “the single most important jazz or popular music concert in history: jazz’s ‘coming out’ party to the world of ‘respectable’ music.” Goodman’s bands launched the careers of many major names in jazz. During an era of segregation he also led one of the first well-known integrated jazz groups. Goodman continued to perform to nearly the end of his life, while exploring an interest in classical music.

In 1988, a federal jury found cigarette manufacturer Liggett Group liable in the lung-cancer death of New Jersey resident Rose Cipollone (chip-uh-LOHN’), but innocent of misrepresenting the risks of smoking. (An appeals court later overturned the jury’s award of $400,000 and ordered a new trial; the family dropped the lawsuit in 1992.)

In 1989, President Bush exercised his first presidential veto on a bill dealing with minimum wage.

In 1990, Secretary of State James A. Baker III, testifying before the House Foreign Affairs Committee, urged Israel to accept a U.S. plan for peace talks. (Baker gave out the telephone number for the White House switchboard, telling the Israelis publicly, “When you’re serious about this, call us.”).

In 1990, Wash DC mayor Marion Barry announces he will not seek a fourth term.

In 1991, The U.S. Supreme Court ruled a jailed suspect represented by a lawyer in one criminal case sometimes may be questioned by police about another crime without the lawyer present.

In 1993, Canada’s Progressive Conservative Party chose Defense Minister Kim Campbell to succeed Brian Mulroney (muhl-ROO’-nee) as prime minister; she was the first woman to hold the post.

In 1994, Nicole Simpson, ex-wife of football great O. J. Simpson, and a friend, are found stabbed to death outside her Los Angeles home. Simpson initially cooperates with police but later flees. O.J. Simpson was questioned for several hours by Los Angeles police following the slashing deaths of his ex-wife Nicole and her friend, Ronald Goldman.

In 1994,  A jury in Anchorage, Alaska, blames recklessness by Exxon and Captain Joseph Hazelwood for the Exxon Valdez disaster, allowing victims of the oil spill to seek $15 billion in damages.

In 1995, France announced it would abandon its 1992 moratorium on nuclear testing and conduct eight more tests between September and May.

In 1995, President Clinton proposed a 10-year plan for balancing the federal budget, saying in a televised address his proposal would cut spending by $1.1 trillion.

In 1996,  The Montana Freemen surrender after an 81-day standoff with FBI agents.

In 1996, The Supreme Court places greater limits on congressional districts intentionally drawn to get more minorities in Congress, declaring unconstitutional four districts in Texas and North Carolina.

Nguyễn Mạnh Tường.jpgIn 1997,  Nguyen Manh Tuong, Vietnamese lawyer (b. 1909) dies in Hanoi, Vietnam. He was a Vietnamese lawyer and intellectual. He was known to be one of the active participators in the Nhân Văn affair in the mid-1950s which saw many middle class intellectuals demanding freedom and democracy in communist-led North Vietnam. After he criticized the disastrous land reform campaign in 1956, he was stripped of all positions he held in the government and was forced to retire from practicing law.

In 1997,  A jury sentences Timothy McVeigh to death for his part in the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing.

In 1997,  Uphaar cinema fire, in New Delhi, India, killed 59 people, and over 100 people injured.

In 2000,  President Kim Dae Jung of South Korea meets Kim Jong-il, leader of North Korea, for the beginning of the first ever inter-Korea summit, in the northern capital of Pyongyang with pledges to seek reunification of the divided peninsula.

In 2000,Italy pardons Mehmet Ali Agca, the Turkish gunman who tried to kill Pope John Paul II in 1981.

In 2002,  The United States withdraws from the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty.

In 2002,  Two 14-year-old South Korean girls are struck and killed by a United States Army armored vehicle, leading to months of public protests against the US.

In 2005,  A jury in Santa Maria, California acquits pop singer Michael Jackson of molesting 13-year-old Gavin Arvizo at his Neverland Ranch.

In 2007,  The Al Askari Mosque is bombed for a second time.

In 2010,  A capsule of the Japanese spacecraft Hayabusa, containing particles of the asteroid 25143 Itokawa, returns to Earth.

Jimmy Dean 1966.JPGIn 2010,  Jimmy Dean, American singer and businessman, founded Jimmy Dean Foods (b. 1928) dies at the age of 81, on June 13, 2010 at his home in Varina, Virginia. He was survived by his second wife Donna. Dean, who dropped out of high school in 1946 to work and help his mother, announced on May 20, 2008, a donation of $1 million to Wayland Baptist University in Plainview, the largest gift ever from one individual to the institution. Dean said: “I’ve been so blessed, and it makes me proud to give back, especially to my hometown.” Jimmy Dean was an American country music singer, television host, actor, and businessman, best known today as the creator of the Jimmy Dean sausage brand as well as its TV commercials’ drawling spokesman.  He became a national television personality starting on CBS in 1957. He rose to fame for his 1961 country music crossover hit into rock and roll with “Big Bad John” and his 1963 television series The Jimmy Dean Show, which gave puppeteer Jim Henson his first national media exposure. His acting career included appearing in the early seasons in the Daniel Boone TV series as the sidekick of the famous frontiersman played by star Fess Parker. Later he was on the big screen in a supporting role as billionaire Willard Whyte in the James Bond movie Diamonds Are Forever (1971). He lived near Richmond, Virginia, and was nominated for the Country Music Hall of Fame in 2010, although he was inducted posthumously at age 81.

In 2012,  A series of bombings across Iraq, including Baghdad, Hillah and Kirkuk, kills at least 93 people and wounds over 300 others.

In 2013,  Czech investigative authorities start a raid against organized crime, affecting the top levels of Czech politics.

Posed photograph of Noll in a football uniform without a helmet in a three-point stanceIn 2014, Chuck Noll, American football player and coach (b. 1932) dies of natural causes in his suburban Pittsburgh condo. He was a professional American football player, assistant coach and head coach. His sole head coaching position was for the Pittsburgh Steelers of the National Football League (NFL) from 1969 to 1991. When Noll retired after 23 years, only three other head coaches in NFL history had longer tenures with one team. After a six year playing career that included two NFL Championships as a member of his hometown Cleveland Browns, and several years as an assistant coach with various teams, in 1969 Noll took the helm of the then moribund Steelers (which had played in only one post-season game in its previous 36 years, a 21–0 loss), and turned it into a perennial contender. As a head coach, Noll won four Super Bowls, four AFC titles, and nine Central Division championships, compiled a 209–156–1 overall record, a 16–8–0 post-season record, and had winning records in 15 of his final 20 seasons. His four Super Bowl victories are tied (with Bill Belichick) for the most of any head coach in NFL history. Between his playing and head coaching tenures, Noll won a total of six NFL Championships, and was elected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1993, his first year of eligibility. Noll built the team through astute drafting and meticulous tutoring. During his career, he was notable for the opportunities he gave African Americans, starting the first African American quarterback and having the first black assistant coach. He was frequently credited with maintaining the morale of the Western Pennsylvania region despite a steep economic decline by fashioning a team of champions in the image of its blue collar fan base.

In 2015,  The Wedding of Prince Carl Philip, Duke of Värmland, and Sofia Hellqvist takes place in Stockholm, Sweden.

In 2015,  A man opens fire at policemen outside the police headquarters in the Texas city of Dallas, while a bag containing a pipe bomb is also found. He was later shot dead by police.

In 2015, A South Dakota man is suing his former employer claiming he was forced to wear an offensive name tag at work. Caleb Larson says when he arrived at work at Pizza Ranch in Watertown, South Dakota, without his name tag, the owner gave him a name tag that read “braindead.” Fearing he might lose his job, Larson says he wore the name tag throughout his shift. Restaurant owner Ross Olson admits giving Larson the name tag, but maintains that Larson never wore it. Larson, who quit his job the next day, filed suit against the restaurant and its owner, saying the incident caused him emotional distress. Larson is seeking compensatory damages.

In 2015, Rachel Dolezal, president of the Spokane chapter of the NAACP, portrayed herself as at least part black is facing tough questions after her estranged parents said she is white and accused her of lying about her identity. With coils of dark hair and tawny skin, Rachel Dolezal, 37, built a career as an activist in the black community of Spokane, Washington. She rose to become the president of the city’s branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and also served as an independent mediator for the city’s police force. Neither position required that she be black, but the Coeur d’Alene Press said Dolezal identified herself in application forms as part black, part white and part Indian. Her parents, who are both white, said their daughter is as well, providing local media with a birth certificate and childhood photographs of a blonde, fair-skinned Dolezal.

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