June 24th in History

This day in history

June 24 is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 190 days remaining until the end of the year.

Holidays

History

In 1312 BC,  Mursili II launches a campaign against the Kingdom of Azzi-Hayasa.

In 217 BC,  The Romans, led by Gaius Flaminius, are ambushed and defeated by Hannibal at the Battle of Lake Trasimene.

In 109,  Roman emperor Trajan inaugurates the Aqua Traiana, an aqueduct that channels water from Lake Bracciano, 40 kilometres (25 miles) north-west of Rome.

In 474,  Julius Nepos forces Roman usurper Glycerius to abdicate the throne and proclaims himself Emperor of the Western Roman Empire.

In 637,  The Battle of Moira is fought between the High King of Ireland and the Kings of Ulster and Dalriada. It is claimed to be the largest battle in the history of Ireland.

In 972,  Battle of Cedynia, the first documented victory of Polish forces, takes place.

In 1128,  Battle of São Mamede, near Guimarães: Forces led by Alfonso I defeat forces led by his mother Teresa of León and her lover Fernando Pérez de Traba. After this battle, the future king calls himself “Prince of Portugal”, the first step towards “official independence” that will be reached in 1139 after the Battle of Ourique.

In 1230,  The Siege of Jaén started in the context of the Spanish Reconquista.

Robertthebruce.jpg

Robert the Bruce

In 1314,  First War of Scottish Independence: The Battle of Bannockburn concludes with a decisive victory by Scottish forces led by Robert the Bruce, though England did not recognize Scottish independence until 1328 with the signing of the Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton.

In 1340,  Hundred Years’ War: Battle of Sluys: The French fleet is almost completely destroyed by the English Fleet commanded in person by King Edward III.

In 1374,  A sudden outbreak of St. John’s Dance causes people in the streets of Aachen, Germany, to experience hallucinations and begin to jump and twitch uncontrollably until they collapse from exhaustion.

In 1497,  John Cabot lands in North America at Newfoundland leading the first European exploration of the region since the Vikings.

In 1509,  Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon are crowned King and Queen of England.

In 1531,  The city of San Juan del Río, Mexico, is founded.

In 1535,  The Anabaptist state of Münster is conquered and disbanded.

In 1571,  Miguel Lopez de Legazpi founds Manila, the capital of the Republic of the Philippines.

In 1597,  The first Dutch voyage to the East Indies reaches Bantam (on Java).

In 1604,  Samuel de Champlain discovers the mouth of the Saint John River, site of Reversing Falls and the present day city of Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada.

In 1622,  Battle of Macau: The Dutch attempt but fail to capture Macau.

MargaretBrent.gif

Speculative painting of Margaret Brent (1601-1671)

In 1647, Margaret Brent, a niece of Lord Baltimore, was ejected from the Maryland Assembly after demanding a place and vote in that governing body. She was ejected from the room. Hailed as a feminist by some in modern times in advancing rights of women under the laws, her insistent advocacy of her legal prerogatives as an unmarried gentlewoman of property, while notable in its exceptional energy, was consistent on paper with English law. However, in the rough, male dominated world of the colonies, her stance for her rights and her independence was unusual in actual practice and it would have been fairly uncommon back in England in that period.

In 1664, Proprietorship of New Jersey is granted by James, Duke of York, to Lord John Berkeley and Sir George Carteret (New Jersey is named after Carteret, former governor of the Isle of Jersey).

In 1717,  The Premier Grand Lodge of England, the first Masonic Grand Lodge in the world (now the United Grand Lodge of England), is founded in London.

In 1724, There was a riot in Glasgow, Scotland, because of a tax on malt.

In 1762,  Battle of Wilhelmsthal: The British-Hanoverian army of Ferdinand of Brunswick defeats French forces in Westphalia.

In 1779,  American Revolutionary War: The Great Siege of Gibraltar begins.

In 1793,  The first Republican constitution in France is adopted.

Matthew Thornton.jpgIn 1803Matthew Thornton, Irish-American politician (b. 1714) dies in Newburyport, Massachusetts, while visiting his daughter. Matthew Thornton is buried in Thornton Cemetery in Merrimack, and his grave reads “An Honest Man.” He was a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence as a representative of New Hampshire. Thornton was born in Limerick, Ireland, the son of Ulster Scots James Thornton and Elizabeth Malone. In 1716 Thornton’s family emigrated to North America when he was three years old, settling first in Brunswick, Maine. On July 11, 1722, the community was attacked by Native Americans. James and Elizabeth Thornton fled from their burning home with Matthew, moving shortly thereafter to Worcester, Massachusetts.Thornton completed studies in medicine at Leicester. He became a physician and established a medical practice in Londonderry, New Hampshire. He was appointed surgeon to the New Hampshire Militia troops in an expedition against Fortress Louisbourg in 1745. He had royal commissions as justice of the peace and colonel of militia.

In 1812,  Napoleonic Wars: Napoleon’s Grande Armée crosses the Neman River beginning the invasion of Russia.

In 1813,  Battle of Beaver Dams: A British and Indian combined force defeats the United States Army.

In 1821,  The Battle of Carabobo takes place. It is the decisive battle in the war of independence of Venezuela from Spain.

In 1859,  Battle of Solferino (Battle of the Three Sovereigns): Sardinia and France defeat Austria in Solferino, northern Italy.

In 1861, Tennessee became the 11th and last state to secede from the U.S.

In 1866,  Battle of Custoza: An Austrian army defeats the Italian army during the Austro-Prussian War.

In 1880,  First performance of O Canada, the song that would become the national anthem of Canada, at the Congrès national des Canadiens-Français.

In 1894,  Marie Francois Sadi Carnot is assassinated by Sante Geronimo Caserio.

In 1901, The first exhibition by the 19-year-old Pablo Picasso opened in Paris to high critical acclaim.

In 1902,  King Edward VII of the United Kingdom develops appendicitis, delaying his coronation.

StephenGroverCleveland.pngIn 1908,  Grover Cleveland, American politician, 22nd and 24th President of the United States (b. 1837) dies. He was the 22nd and 24th President of the United States. He was the winner of the popular vote for president three times—in 1884, 1888, and 1892—and was one of the two Democrats (alongside Woodrow Wilson) elected to the presidency in the era of Republican political domination dating from 1861 to 1933.

Cleveland was the leader of the pro-business Bourbon Democrats who opposed high tariffs, Free Silver, inflation, imperialism, and subsidies to business, farmers, or veterans. His crusade for political reform and fiscal conservatism made him an icon for American conservatives of the era. Cleveland won praise for his honesty, self-reliance, integrity, and commitment to the principles of classical liberalism. He relentlessly fought political corruption, patronage and bossism. Indeed, as a reformer his prestige was so strong that the like-minded wing of the Republican Party, called “Mugwumps“, largely bolted the GOP presidential ticket and swung to his support in the 1884 election.

As his second term began, disaster hit the nation when the Panic of 1893 produced a severe national depression, which Cleveland was unable to reverse. It ruined his Democratic Party, opening the way for a Republican landslide in 1894 and for the agrarian and silverite seizure of the Democratic Party in 1896. The result was a political realignment that ended the Third Party System and launched the Fourth Party System as well as the Progressive Era.

In 1910, An act requiring installation of radio equipment on all American passenger ships operating from U.S. ports is passed by Congress.

In 1913,  Greece and Serbia annul their alliance with Bulgaria.

In 1916,  Mary Pickford becomes the first female film star to sign a million dollar contract.

In 1916,  World War I: The Battle of the Somme begins with a week-long artillery bombardment on the German Line.

In 1918,  First airmail service in Canada from Montreal to Toronto.

In 1932,  A bloodless Revolution instigated by the People’s Party ends the absolute power of King Prajadhipok of Siam (now Thailand).

In 1938,  Pieces of a meteor, estimated to have weighed 450 metric tons when it hit the Earth’s atmosphere and exploded, land near Chicora, Pennsylvania.

In 1938, The Wheeler-Lea Act is passed, superseding the Pure Food Act of 1906 with more stringent regulations.

In 1939,  Siam is renamed Thailand by Plaek Pibulsonggram, the country’s third prime minister.

In 1940,  World War II: Operation Collar, the first British Commando raid on occupied France, by No 11 Independent Company.

In 1940, The Republican National Convention in Philadelphia is the first to be televised. Wendell L. Willkie and Charles McNary are nominated for president and vice president, respectively. Leading viewers to wonder why they bothered airing the events.

In 1947,  Kenneth Arnold makes the first widely reported UFO sighting near Mount Rainier, Washington.

In 1948,  Start of the Berlin Blockade: The Soviet Union makes overland travel between West Germany and West Berlin impossible.

In 1948, The Republican National Convention, meeting in Philadelphia, nominated New York Governor Thomas E. Dewey for president.

In 1948, The Selective Service Act is signed into law.

In 1949,  The first television western, Hopalong Cassidy, is aired on NBC starring William Boyd.

In 1954,  First Indochina War: Battle of Mang Yang Pass: Vietminh troops belonging to the 803rd Regiment ambush G.M. 100 of France in An Khê.

In 1955, “MAD” BECOMES A MAGAZINE Issue #24 of the becomes a somewhat more traditional humor magazine in black and white, as opposed to the comic book style which it previously used.

In 1957,  In Roth v. United States, the U.S. Supreme Court rules that obscenity is not protected by the First Amendment.

In 1961, Iraq demands dominion over Kuwait.

In 1963,  The United Kingdom grants Zanzibar internal self-government.

In 1964, The Federal Trade Commission announced that it would require warning labels on cigarette packages beginning in 1965.

In 1968, Resurrection City, a shantytown constructed as part of the Poor People’s March on Washington, D.C., was closed down by authorities.

In 1972, Wake Island becomes unincorporated territory of US (US Air Force).

In 1973,  The UpStairs Lounge arson attack takes place at a gay bar located on the second floor of the three-story building at 141 Chartres Street in the French Quarter of New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. Thirty-two people die as a result of fire or smoke inhalation.

In 1973, Eamon de Valera, the world’s oldest statesman, resigned as president of Ireland at the age of 90.

In 1980, The Democratic Party adopted a gay rights plank for its 1980 party platform.

In 1981,  The Humber Bridge is opens to traffic, connecting Yorkshire and Lincolnshire. It would be the world’s longest single-span suspension bridge for 17 years.

In 1982, The Equal Rights Amendment went down in defeat.

In 1982,  “The Jakarta Incident”: British Airways Flight 9 flies into a cloud of volcanic ash thrown up by the eruption of Mount Galunggung, resulting in the failure of all four engines.

In 1982, The Supreme Court rules a president can not be sued for damages for actions he took while in office.

In 1985, A federal judge in New York found former Wall Street Journal reporter R. Foster Winans guilty of illegally using his position at the paper in a get-rich-quick insider-trading scheme.

In 1986, By a 97-to-3 vote, the U.S. Senate approved a sweeping tax revision bill calling for lower tax rates and fewer deductions, credits and benefits.

In 1989,  Jiang Zemin succeeds Zhao Ziyang to become the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China after 1989 Tiananmen Square Protests.

In 1990, Health and Human Services Secretary Louis Sullivan was virtually drowned out by jeering demonstrators as he addressed the Sixth International AIDS conference, meeting in San Francisco.

In 1990, South African black nationalist Nelson Mandela arrived in Washington.

In 1991, The U.S. Supreme Court ruled the First Amendment did not shield news organizations from being sued when they publish the names of sources who had been promised confidentiality.

In 1992, The Supreme Court, in a 5-4 decision, strengthened its 30-year ban on officially sponsored worship in public schools, prohibiting prayer as a part of graduation ceremonies.

In 1992, The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that health warnings on cigarette packs don’t necessarily exempt tobacco companies from false advertising lawsuits if they continue to tell consumers that smoking is safe.

In 1994, President Clinton struck out at his conservative critics and the media, bitterly complaining in a speech in St. Louis that unfair and negative reports about him were feeding a cynical mindset in America.

In 1995,  “Rugby World Cup final“: South Africa defeats New Zealand, Nelson Mandela presents Francois Pienaar with the Webb-Ellis trophy in an iconic post-apartheid moment.

In 1995, In his weekly radio address, President Clinton blamed the failed nomination of Dr. Henry Foster to be surgeon general on right-wing extremists who will “stop at nothing” to outlaw abortion.

In 1996, A jury ordered the city of Philadelphia to pay $1.5 million in damages for the bombing of MOVE headquarters in 1985 that killed 11 people.

In 1998, AT&T Corp. strikes a deal to buy cable TV giant Tele-Communications for $31.7 billion.

In 1998, Nation’s hospitals agree to eliminate highly toxic mercury from their waste streams over the next seven years.

In 1998, Twelve thousand farmers lose $80 million in crops in the worst Florida wildfires in half century.

In 1999, Testimony wound to an end after 76 days in the landmark Microsoft antitrust trial.

In 2004,  In New York, capital punishment is declared unconstitutional.

In 2010,  John Isner of the United States defeats Nicolas Mahut of France at Wimbledon, in the longest match in professional tennis history.

In 2010,  Julia Gillard assumed office as the first female Prime Minister of Australia.

In 2012,  Lonesome George, the last known individual of Chelonoidis nigra abingdonii, a subspecies of the Galápagos tortoise, dies.

In 2013,  Former Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi is found guilty of abusing his power and having sex with an underage prostitute, and is sentenced to seven years in prison.

In 2015, A day after politicians called for removal of the bust of Confederate Lt. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest from the state Capitol, Democratic Rep. Johnny Shaw said the state should also change the name of a state park named in Forrest’s honor.”Why would we celebrate anything that produced evil?” state Rep. Johnny Shaw, a Democrat from Bolivar (in a gerrymandered district), said. “It is a celebration of evil,” he said. “The name of the park, the statue and the whole nine yards.” Well “Stupid is as Stupid does”

%d bloggers like this: