June 27th in History

This day in historyJune 27 is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 187 days remaining until the end of the year.



In 1358,  The Republic of Dubrovnik is founded.

In 1497,  Cornish rebels Michael An Gof and Thomas Flamank are executed at Tyburn, London, England.

In 1556,  The thirteen Stratford Martyrs are burned at the stake near London for their Protestant beliefs.

In 1652, New Amsterdam (now N.Y.C.) imposes the first speed limit in the U.S., specifying that it is illegal for traffic within the city limits to proceed at a gallop.

In 1743,  War of the Austrian Succession: In the Battle of Dettingen, George II becomes the last British monarch to participate in battle.

In 1759,  General James Wolfe begins the siege of Quebec.

In 1760,  Cherokee warriors defeat British forces at the Battle of Echoee near present-day Otto, North Carolina during the Anglo-Cherokee War.

In 1776, Thomas Hickey, one of George Washington’s guards, went into the history books for all the wrong reasons. He was convicted of plotting to deliver George Washington to the British and became the first person to be executed by the army of the U.S.

In 1778, The Liberty Bell returns to Philadelphia after the British leave.

In 1806,  British forces take Buenos Aires during the first British invasions of the Río de la Plata.

In 1833, Prudence Crandall, a white woman, arrested for conducting an academy for black females at Canterbury Conn.

In 1844,  Joseph Smith, founder of the Latter Day Saint movement, and his brother Hyrum Smith, are killed by a mob at the Carthage, Illinois jail.

In 1876, Democratic Party elects Samuel Tilden as presidential candidate.

In 1884, the U.S. Bureau of Labor is created within the Dept. of the Interior (an independent Dept. in not authorized until 1913).

In 1893, the Great stock crash on the N.Y. stock exchange. The “Panic of 1893” began as the value of the U.S. silver dollar fell to less than 60 cents in gold.

In 1895,  The inaugural run of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad‘s Royal Blue from Washington, D.C., to New York, New York, the first U.S. passenger train to use electric locomotives.

In 1898,  The first solo circumnavigation of the globe is completed by Joshua Slocum from Briar Island, Nova Scotia.

Two schoolboys holding racquets, standing on wooden steps either side of an arched wooden double door to a school building

Collins (left) with R. P. Keigwin at Clifton College, as the school racquets team in 1902

In 1899,  A. E. J. Collins scores 628 runs not out, the highest-ever recorded score in cricket.

In 1905,  Battleship Potemkin uprising: sailors start a mutiny aboard the battleship Potemkin, denouncing the crimes of autocracy, demanding liberty and an end to war.

In 1927,  Prime Minister of Japan Tanaka Giichi leads a conference to discuss Japan‘s plans for China; later, a document detailing these plans, the “Tanaka Memorial” is leaked, although it is now considered a forgery.

In 1929, President Von Hindenburg refuses to pay German debt of WW I.

In 1938, Due to an egg surplus in Pennsylvania, slot machines dispensing hard boiled eggs for 5 cents a piece are installed in cafes and taverns throughout the state.

In 1941,  Romanian governmental forces, allies of Nazi Germany, launch one of the most violent pogroms in Jewish history in the city of Iaşi, (Romania), resulting in the murder of at least 13,266 Jews.

In 1941,  German troops capture the city of Białystok during Operation Barbarossa.

In 1946,  In the Canadian Citizenship Act, the Parliament of Canada establishes the definition of Canadian citizenship.

In 1950,  The United States decides to send troops to fight in the Korean War.

In 1952,  Guatemala passes Decree 900, ordering the redistribution of uncultivated land.

In 1954,  The Obninsk Nuclear Power Plant, the Soviet Union‘s first nuclear power station, opens in Obninsk, near Moscow.

In 1954, CIA-sponsored rebels overthrow the elected government of Guatemala.

In 1954,  The 1954 FIFA World Cup quarterfinal match between Hungary and Brazil, highly anticipated to be exciting, instead turns violent, with three players ejected and further fighting continuing after the game.

In 1957,  Hurricane Audrey makes landfall near the TexasLouisiana border, killing over 400 people, mainly in and around Cameron, Louisiana.

RossPerotColor.jpgIn 1962, H. Ross Perot, former IBM salesman, begins Electronic Data System (EDS) with $1,000.

In 1969, Patrons at the Stonewall Inn, a gay bar in New York City’s Greenwich Village, clashed with police during a raid, an incident considered a landmark of the gay rights movement.

In 1971,  After only three years in business, rock promoter Bill Graham closes the Fillmore East in New York, New York, the “Church of Rock and Roll”.

In 1973,  The President of Uruguay Juan María Bordaberry dissolves Parliament and establishes a dictatorship.

In 1974,  U.S. president Richard Nixon visits the Soviet Union.

In 1976,  Air France Flight 139 (Tel AvivAthensParis) is hijacked en route to Paris by the PLO and redirected to Entebbe, Uganda.

In 1977,  France grants independence to Djibouti.

In 1980,  Italian Aerolinee Itavia Flight 870 mysteriously explodes in mid air while en route from Bologna to Palermo, killing all 81 on board. Also known in Italy as the Ustica disaster

In 1981,  The Central Committee of the Communist Party of China issues its “Resolution on Certain Questions in the History of Our Party Since the Founding of the People’s Republic of China”, laying the blame for the Cultural Revolution on Mao Zedong.

In 1982,  Space Shuttle Columbia launched from the Kennedy Space Center on the final research and development flight mission, STS-4.

In 1985,  U.S. Route 66 is officially removed from the United States Highway System.

In 1988,  Gare de Lyon rail accident In Paris a train collides with a stationary train killing 56 people.

In 1991,  Slovenia, after declaring independence two days before is invaded by Yugoslav troops, tanks, and aircraft starting the Ten-Day War.

In 2007,  Tony Blair resigns as British Prime Minister, a position he had held since 1997.

In 2007,  The Brazilian Military Police invades the favelas of Complexo do Alemão in an episode which is remembered as the Complexo do Alemão massacre.

In 2008,  In a highly scrutizined election President of Zimbabwe Robert Mugabe is re-elected in a landslide after his opponent Morgan Tsvangirai had withdrawn a week earlier, citing violence against his party‘s supporters.

In 2013,  NASA launches the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph, a space probe to observe the Sun.

In 2007, Tony Blair British Prime Minister since 2nd May 1997, resigns

In 2007, The Brazilian Military Police invades the favelas of Complexo do Alemão in an episode which is remembered as the Complexo do Alemão massacre.

In 2008, In a highly-scrutinized election President of Zimbabwe Robert Mugabe is re-elected in a landslide after his opponent Morgan Tsvangirai had withdrawn a week earlier, citing violence against his party’s supporters.

In 2013,  NASA launches the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph, a space probe to observe the Sun.

In 2014,  At least fourteen people are killed when a Gas Authority of India Limited pipeline explodes in the East Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh, India.

In 2015,  A midair explosion from flammable powder at a recreational water park in Taiwan injures at least 510 people with about 183 in serious condition in intensive care.

In 2015,  The U.S. Supreme Court, once again misruled, 5–4, that same-sex couples have a constitutional right to marriage under the 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution. Justice Samuel Alito wrote a dissenting opinion, which was joined by Justices Scalia and Thomas. Invoking Washington v. Glucksberg, in which the Court stated the Due Process Clause protects only rights and liberties that are “deeply rooted in this Nation’s history and tradition”, Alito claimed any “right” to same-sex marriage would not meet this definition; he chided the justices in the majority for going against judicial precedent and long-held tradition.

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