1, 2, 3…Voters in Missouri will see 3 ballot initiatives related to legalizing medical marijuana in November

Missouri Secretary of State John Ashcroft certified five ballot initiatives, including three that relate to how the state would legalize medical marijuana, for the November election.

The major differences between the three initiatives include tax rates and revenue allocations.

Amendment 2 (Sponsor: New Approach Missouri) would tax medical marijuana sales at 4 percent and allocate the revenue to healthcare services for veterans.

Amendment 3 (Sponsor: Find the Cures) would tax sales at 15 percent and allocate revenue to the establishment of a Biomedical Research and Drug Development Institute in Missouri.

Proposition C (Sponsor: Missourians for Patient Care) would tax sales at 2 percent and divide revenue between veteran healthcare services, drug treatment, education, and law enforcement.

While two of the ballot initiatives are constitutional amendments, one is a state statute (Proposition C). If voters approve both of the constitutional amendments, the measure receiving the most votes wins.

If the statute wins more votes than the constitutional amendments, it’s unclear whether the statute would supersede the amendments that received fewer votes or, as is the general case with laws, the voter-approved constitutional amendments would supersede the statute despite receiving fewer votes. Missouri state law does not currently provide a protocol for when an initiated statute and an initiated amendment are in conflict. As the ballot initiatives also contain severability clauses, courts may determine that parts of a voter-approved statute and a voter-approved amendment that are not in conflict can both go into effect. A court ruling would likely be needed to determine the process.

Currently, there are six marijuana-related measures on 2018 ballots. Five of them, including the three in Missouri, address medical marijuana. Oklahoma approved a medical marijuana initiative in June. One measure would legalize recreational marijuana in Michigan. Voters in Oklahoma and North Dakota could also consider recreational marijuana initiatives this year, pending signature verifications.

Heading into this November, 30 states and Washington, D.C. have legalized medical marijuana

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