August 6th in History

This day in historyAugust 6 is the 218th day of the year (219th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 147 days remaining until the end of the year.

Holidays

History

In 135, The Roman Empire lays siege to Betar, effectively ending the Bar Kokhba revolt.

In 258, St. Sixtus II, pope from 257 to 258, died. He was beheaded while celebrating services in a cemetery.

Sequence shows the rapid brightening and slower fading of a supernova in the galaxy NGC 1365 (the bright dot close to the upper part of the galactic center)

In 1181, Supernova observed by Chinese & Japanese astronomers

In 1284,  The Republic of Pisa is defeated in the Battle of Meloria by the Republic of Genoa, thus losing its naval dominance in the Mediterranean.

In 1492, This was not a good day for Christopher Columbus. One of his three ships, the Pinta, lost her rudder.

In 1506,  The Grand Duchy of Lithuania defeated the Crimean Khanate in the Battle of Kletsk

In 1538,  Bogotá, Colombia, is founded by Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada.

AnneHathaway CUL Page4DetailB.jpgIn 1623,  Anne Hathaway, wife of William Shakespeare (b. 1556) dies. She was the wife of William Shakespeare, the English poet, playwright and actor. They were married in 1582, when he was 18 and she was 26 years old. She outlived her husband by seven years. Very little is known about her beyond a few references in legal documents, but her personality and relationship to Shakespeare have been the subject of much speculation by historians and creative writers. Hathaway married Shakespeare in November 1582 while still pregnant with the couple’s first child, to whom she gave birth six months later. Hathaway was 26 years old; Shakespeare was only 18.

One of Shakespeare’s sonnets, number 145, has been claimed to make reference to Anne Hathaway: the words ‘hate away’ may be a pun (in Elizabethan pronunciation) on ‘Hathaway’. It has also been suggested that the next words, “And saved my life”, would have been indistinguishable in pronunciation from “Anne saved my life”. The sonnet differs from all the others in the length of the lines. Its fairly simple language and syntax have led to suggestions that it was written much earlier than the other, more mature, sonnets.

Those lips that Love’s own hand did make
Breathed forth the sound that said ‘I hate’
To me that languish’d for her sake;
But when she saw my woeful state
Straight in her heart did mercy come,
Chiding that tongue that ever sweet
Was used in giving gentle doom,
And taught it thus anew to greet:
‘I hate’ she alter’d with an end,
That follow’d it as gentle day
Doth follow night, who like a fiend
From heaven to hell is flown away;
‘I hate’ from hate away she threw,
And saved my life, saying ‘not you.’

Benjamin Jonson by Abraham van Blyenberch.jpgIn 1637,  Ben Jonson, English poet and playwright (b. 1572) dies. He was an English playwright, poet, actor and literary critic of the 17th century, whose artistry exerted a lasting impact upon English poetry and stage comedy. He popularised the comedy of humours. He is best known for the satirical plays Every Man in His Humour (1598), Volpone, or The Foxe (1605), The Alchemist (1610) and Bartholomew Fayre: A Comedy (1614) and for his lyric poetry; he is generally regarded as the second most important English dramatist, after William Shakespeare, during the reign of James I.

Jonson was a classically educated, well-read and cultured man of the English Renaissance with an appetite for controversy (personal and political, artistic and intellectual) whose cultural influence was of unparalleled breadth upon the playwrights and the poets of the Jacobean era (1603–1625) and of the Caroline era(1625–1642).

In 1661,  The Treaty of The Hague is signed by Portugal and the Dutch Republic. The deal transfers Brazil to Portugal for 8 million guilders.

In 1774, The founder of the Shaker Movement in the American colonies, Mother Ann Lee, arrives in New York.

In 1777,  American Revolutionary War: The bloody Battle of Oriskany prevents American relief of the Siege of Fort Stanwix.

In 1787,  Sixty proof sheets of the Constitution of the United States are delivered to the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

In 1806,  Francis II, the last Holy Roman Emperor, abdicates, ending the Holy Roman Empire.

In 1819,  Norwich University is founded in Vermont as the first private military school in the United States.

In 1824,  Battle of Junín Peru.

In 1825,  Bolivia gains independence from Spain.

In 1832, Abraham Lincoln lost the election. The village store he worked in goes out of business. Lincoln and partner, William Berry, purchase another village store in New Salem. The next year, the store fails, leaving him badly in debt. Lincoln is appointed Postmaster of New Salem. In Autumn, Lincoln is appointed Deputy County Surveyor.

In 1838, Abraham Lincoln’s re-elected to the Illinois Gen. Assembly, becoming Whig floor leader.

In 1861,  The United Kingdom annexes Lagos, Nigeria.

In 1862,  American Civil War: The Confederate ironclad CSS Arkansas is scuttled on the Mississippi River after suffering catastrophic engine failure near Baton Rouge, Louisiana.

In 1870,  Franco-Prussian War: The Battle of Spicheren is fought, resulting in a Prussian victory.

In 1870,  Franco-Prussian War: The Battle of Wörth results in a decisive Prussian victory.

In 1890,  At Auburn Prison in New York, murderer William Kemmler becomes the first person to be executed by electric chair.

1902 lithograph of Wörth

1902 lithograph of Wörth

In 1892, SMS Wörth was one of four German pre-dreadnought battleships of the Brandenburg class, the first ocean-going battleships built by the Imperial German Navy. Laid down at the Germaniawerft dockyard in Kiel, the ship was launched on 6 August 1892 and commissioned into the fleet in October 1893. Like her sister shipsWörth carried six heavy guns rather than the standard four. She was named for the Battle of Wörth fought in 1870 during the Franco-Prussian WarWörth participated in the normal peacetime routine of training cruises and exercises. She took part in the German naval expedition to China in 1900 to suppress the Boxer Rebellion but saw little direct action, since the siege of Peking had already been lifted by the time the fleet arrived. Obsolete by the start of World War I, the battleship served as a coastal defense ship for the first two years of the war, but saw no action. Wörth was reduced to a barracks ship by 1916, and was scrapped in the port of Danzig in 1919.

In 1894, Sparks from a plumber’s torch start a blaze that destroys the grandstand at Philadelphia’s Huntingdon Grounds, better known as Baker Bowl. The grandstand will be rebuilt with concrete and steel.

In 1901,  Kiowa land in Oklahoma is opened for white settlement, effectively dissolving the contiguous reservation.

In 1912,  The Bull Moose Party meets at the Chicago Coliseum.

In 1914,  World War I: First Battle of the Atlantic: Two days after the United Kingdom had declared war on Germany over the German invasion of Belgium, ten German U-boats leave their base inHeligoland to attack Royal Navy warships in the North Sea.

In 1914,  World War I: Serbia declares war on Germany; Austria declares war on Russia.

In 1914, The U.S.S. Tennessee sails to Europe with $6 million in gold to help American citizens stranded by the war.

In 1915,  World War I: Battle of Sari Bair: The Allies mount a diversionary attack timed to coincide with a major Allied landing of reinforcements at Suvla Bay.

In 1917,  World War I: Battle of Mărășești between the Romanian and German armies begins.

In 1918, The Marne offensive, the last major German attack of World War I, ended in failure with 100,000 Germans killed or injured.

In 1926,  Gertrude Ederle becomes the first woman to swim across the English Channel.

In 1926,  In New York City, the Warner Bros.Vitaphone system premieres with the movie Don Juan starring John Barrymore.

In 1930,  Judge Joseph Force Crater steps into a taxi in New York and disappears never to be seen again.

In 1934, US troops leave Haiti, which had been occupied since 1915.

In 1940,  Estonia was illegally annexed by the Soviet Union.

In 1940, Italy invaded British Somaliland, starting the Battle of North Africa in World War II.

In 1942, Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands becomes the first reigning queen to address a joint session of the United States Congress, telling lawmakers that despite Nazi occupation, her people’s motto remained, “No surrender.”

In 1942, Churchill fires Gen Auchinlek as Middle-East commandant.

In 1944,  The Warsaw Uprising occurs on August 1. It is brutally suppressed and all able-bodied men in Kraków are detained afterwards to prevent a similar uprising, the Kraków Uprising, that was planned but never carried out.

Little boy.jpgIn 1945,  World War II: Hiroshima, Japan is devastated when the atomic bombLittle Boy” is dropped by the United States B-29 Enola Gay. Around 70,000 people are killed instantly, and some tens of thousands die in subsequent years from burns and radiation poisoning.

In 1952MAD Magazine first published.

In 1956,  After going bankrupt in 1955, the American broadcaster DuMont Television Network makes its final broadcast, a boxing match from St. Nicholas Arena in New York in the Boxing from St. Nicholas Arena series.

In 1960,  Cuban Revolution: Cuba nationalizes American and foreign-owned property in the nation.

In 1962,  Jamaica becomes independent from the United Kingdom.

In 1964,  Prometheus, a bristlecone pine and the world’s oldest tree, is cut down.

In 1965,  US President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Voting Rights Act of 1965 into law.

In 1971, Chay Blyth finished the first solo world sail against prevailing winds in 292 days.

In 1973, Fulgencio Batista, Cuban dictator from 1952-59, died in Spain. He had fled Cuba after being toppled by Fidel Castro.

In 1976,  Zulfikar Ali Bhutto lays the foundation stone of Port Qasim, Karachi.

In 1979, 12-yr-old Marcus Hooper became the youngest ever to swim the English Channel.

In 1983, in Saturday radio addresses, House Speaker Thomas P. “Tip” O’Neill Jr. challenged President Reagan to drop plans for cutting back government nutrition programs for the poor, while Reagan said recent economic news showed that “things are looking up for America.”

In 1986,  A low-pressure system that redeveloped off the New South Wales coast dumps a record 328 millimeters (13 inches) of rain in a day on Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

In 1986, Phil Katz releases PKARC version 1.0, for the IBM.

In 1986, William J. Schroeder of Jasper, Ind., the world’s longest-surviving recipient of a permanent artificial heart, died after living 620 days with the Jarvik-7 man-made pump.

In 1988,  The Tompkins Square Park Riot in New York City spurs a reform of the NYPD, held responsible for the event.

In 1989, the highest twin primes found in Santa Clara, CA, was 1,706,595 x 2^11,235 – 1 and 1,706,595 x 2^11,235 + 1.

In 1990,  Gulf War: The United Nations Security Council orders a global trade embargo against Iraq in response to Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait.

In 1990, the president of Pakistan, Pres Ghulam Ishaq Kahn, dismissed Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto and her government, alleging rampant corruption, and declared a state of emergency.

In 1991,  Tim Berners-Lee releases files describing his idea for the World Wide Web. WWW debuts as a publicly available service on the Internet.

In 1991,  Takako Doi, chair of the Social Democratic Party, becomes Japan’s first female speaker of the House of Representatives.

In 1991, the Justice Department joined forces with the anti-abortion group Operation Rescue in fighting a federal judge’s order to keep two abortion clinics in Wichita, Kan., open.

In 1992, President Bush granted full diplomatic recognition to the former Yugoslav republics of Bosnia-Hercegovina, Slovenia and Croatia, the same day Britain’s Independent Television News showed videotape of emaciated detainees at a pair of Serb prison camps.

In 1993, The US Senate joined the House in passing President Clinton’s budget plan, 51-to-50, with a tie-breaking vote cast by Vice President Al Gore.

In 1995, police in Columbia captured Miguel Rodriguez Orejuela, the reputed co-leader of the Cali drug cartel.

In 1996,  NASA announces that the ALH 84001 meteorite, thought to originate from Mars, contains evidence of primitive life-forms. Daniel Goldin made the announcement about the discovery. The evidence came from a fossil found on a meteorite in Antarctica believed to have come from Mars billions of years ago.

In 1997,  Korean Air Flight 801 crashed at Nimitz Hill, Guam killing 228 of 254 people on board.

In 1997, Ending years of impassioned rivalry, Apple Computer and Microsoft agreed to share technology in a deal giving Microsoft a stake in Apple’s survival. This may be one of the Biblical signs of Armageddon?

In 1999, In Canton, Texas, a 36-year-old woman who faces lifelong heart problems she blames on the diet drug combination fen-phen was awarded $23.3 million dollars in the first such lawsuit to reach a jury. (The case was settled for less than a tenth of that amount during an appeal.)

In 2000, Workers at Verizon, the nation’s largest local telephone company, went on an 18-day strike over working conditions and union representation.

In 2001,  Erwadi fire incident, 28 mentally ill persons tied to chain were burnt to death at a faith based institution at Erwadi, Tamil Nadu.

In 2008,  A military junta led by Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz stages a coup d’état in Mauritania, overthrowing president Sidi Ould Cheikh Abdallahi.

In 2010,  Flash floods across a large part of Jammu and Kashmir, India, damages 71 towns and kills at least 255 people.

In 2011,  A march in protest of the death of Mark Duggan in Tottenham, London, ends in a riot, sparking off a wave of rioting throughout the country over the following four nights.

In 2011,  War in Afghanistan: A United States military helicopter is shot down, killing 30 American special forces members and a working dog, 7 Afghan soldiers, and 1 Afghan civilian. It was the deadliest single event for the United States in the War in Afghanistan.

In 2012,  NASA‘s Curiosity rover lands on the surface of Mars.

In 2015, A suicide bomb attack kills at least 15 people at a mosque in the south-western Saudi city of Abha.

In 2016, As with its lavish spending on the arts, the state seems eager to fund aesthetics with your money. and when the University of Tennessee came knocking, officials with the purse strings were all too willing to answer. It seems the Vols couldn’t volunteer to pay for their own university wide “beautification project,” so they thought the state might pony up $2 million for campus improvements and an additional $3.75 million for projects on Volunteer Boulevard. Unfortunately for taxpayers, they were right. Segment from The Beacon’s 2016 Pork Report

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