William Penn’s Pennsylvania “God … will, I believe, bless and make it the seed of a nation”

After Columbus discovered the New World, Spain grew in power to surpass Portugal as the largest global empire, giving rise the saying, the sun never set on the Spanish Empire.

From Madrid, the Spanish Holy Roman Emperor Charles V ruled territories in Europe, North America, Central America, South America, Africa, Asia, the Pacific, and all the way to the Philippines.

Catholic Spain was instrumental in beating back the attacks of the Muslim Ottoman Turks from taking over Europe, most notably at the Battle of Lepanto on October 7, 1571.

Rather than following up on this astounding victory and freeing the rest of the Mediterranean from Ottoman control,Spain turned its attention to smashing the Protestant Reformation in Holland and England.

Unfortunately for Spain, its famed Spanish Armada was destroyed in 1588 by the combined efforts of the British and Dutch navies, aided by a hurricane.

Following this, the British and the Dutch competed with each other as to who would be the largest maritime power.

This erupted into the Anglo-Dutch Wars of 1652-54, 1665-67, and 1672-1674

A notable British commander during the Anglo-Dutch Wars was William Penn, Sr.

During Britain’s Civil War, Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell had King Charles I beheaded in 1649.

Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell then sent Admiral William Penn, Sr., to the Caribbean, where he captured Jamaica from the Spanish in 1655.

Being so far from England, British inhabitants of Jamaica turned to privateers, pirates and buccaneers for protection, resulting in the city of Port Royal becoming infamous as “the Sodom of the New World,” till it was destroyed in an earthquake in 1692.

In 1660, Admiral William Penn, Sr., sailed to Amsterdam and helped bring King Charles II back to England to be restored to the throne of his father in 1660.

Admiral William Penn, Sr., pledged loyalty to him, and the King gave Penn the title “Sir.”

His son, also named William Penn, was born OCTOBER 14, 1644.

It was a major embarrassment for Admiral Sir William Penn, Sr. , to have his son expelled from Oxford for associating with a dissenting religious group, the Quakers, which refused to submit to the King’s Church.

At age 24, young William Penn converted to the Society of Friends, or Quakers , and wrote the “The Sandy Foundation Shaken,” for which he was imprisoned in the Tower of London for 8 months.

While in prison, William Penn wrote his classic book, No Cross, No Crown,stating:

“Christ’s cross is Christ’s way to Christ’s crown …

The unmortified Christian and the heathen are of the same religion, and the deity they truly worship is the god of this world.”

William Penn continued:

“It is a false notion that they may be children of God while in a state of disobedience to his holy commandments, and disciples of Jesus though they revolt from his cross.”

Several times, Admiral Sir William Penn, Sr.,paid the fine for young Penn to be released from prison.

Young Penn urged his father:

“I intreat thee not to purchase my liberty.”

Dying, the Admiral insisted on once again paying the fine, telling his son:

“Let nothing in this world tempt you to wrong your conscience.”

Admiral Sir William Penn, Sr., secured from the King, due to his lifetime of faithful service to England, a promise to have favor shown to his son.

After his father died, young William Penn used his inheritance to buy West Jersey with the intention of having Quakers emigrate there from England.

When Penn appealed to King Charles II for more land, the King surprised Penn by granting him a charter for 45,000 square miles, naming it “Pennsylvania.”

This made William Penn the largest non-royal landowner in the world.

William Penn’s “Frame of Government” for his Colony became a model not only for most State governments, but also for the U.S. Constitution and Bill of Rights.

The Continental Congress met in Pennsylvania , and both the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution were written there.

Regarding his colony of Pennsylvania, William Penn wrote to a friend, January 1, 1681, declaring he would:

“… make and establish such laws as shall best preserve true Christian and civil liberty, in all opposition to all unchristian … practices …

God that has given it to me, through many difficulties, will, I believe, bless and make it the seed of a nation.”

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