August 7th in History

This day in historyAugust 7 is the 219th day of the year (220th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 146 days remaining until the end of the year

This day marks the approximate midpoint of summer in the Northern Hemisphere and of winter in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the June solstice).

Holidays

History

In 322 BC,  Battle of Crannon between Athens and Macedonia.

In 461,  Roman Emperor Majorian is beheaded near the river Iria in north-west Italy following his arrest and deposition by the magister militum Ricimer.

In 626,  The Avar and Slav armies leave the siege of Constantinople.

In 768,  Stephen III begins his reign as Catholic Pope.

In 936,  Coronation of King Otto I of Germany.

Painting of a young cleanshaven man wearing golden robes and a tall conical hat with elaborate designs. He is holding a large book in his lap, and looking towards the viewer.In 1316, John XXII, born Jacques d’Euse, was elected pope. He served until 1334. He put the papal finances on a sound basis and strength-ed the hierarchy. He was the second and longest-reigning Avignon Pope, elected by the Conclave of Cardinals, which was assembled in Lyon through the work of King Louis X’sbrother Philip, the Count of Poitiers, later King Philip V of France. Like his predecessor, Clement V, Pope John centralized power and income in the Papacy and lived a princely life in Avignon. He opposed the political policies of Louis IV of Bavaria as Holy Roman Emperor, which prompted Louis to invade Italy and set up an antipope, Nicholas V.

Pope John XXII faced controversy in theology involving his views on the Beatific Vision, and he opposed the Franciscan understanding of the poverty of Christ and his apostles, famously leading William of Ockham to write against unlimited papal power. He canonized St. Thomas Aquinas.

In 1420,  Construction of the dome of Santa Maria del Fiore begins in Florence.

In 1427, – The Visconti of Milan’s fleet is destroyed by the Venetians on the Po River.

In 1461,  The Ming Dynasty Chinese military general Cao Qin stages a coup against the Tianshun Emperor.

In 1679,  The brigantine Le Griffon, commissioned by René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, is towed to the south-eastern end of the Niagara River, to become the first ship to sail the upper Great Lakes of North America.

In 1714,  The Battle of Gangut: The first important victory of the Russian Navy.

In 1760, Ft Loudon, Tennessee surrenders to Cherokee Indians.

In 1782,  George Washington orders the creation of the Badge of Military Merit to honor soldiers wounded in battle. It is later renamed to the more poetic Purple Heart.

In 1789,  The United States Department of War  and the U.S. Lighthouse Service were established by Congress.

In 1791,  American troops destroy the Miami town of Kenapacomaqua near the site of present-day Logansport, Indiana in the Northwest Indian War.

In 1794,  U.S. President George Washington invokes the Militia Acts of 1792 to suppress the Whiskey Rebellion in western Pennsylvania.

In 1802, Napoleon orders re-instatement of slavery on St Domingue (Haiti).

In 1807, the first serviceable steamboat, the Claremont, goes on first voyage.

In 1814, Pope Pius VII restored Jesuits to full legal validity.

In 1819,  Simón Bolívar triumphs over Spain in the Battle of Boyacá.

In 1830, Louis-Philippe was elected King of France by the legislature in succession to Charles X and became known as the “Citizen King.”

In 1858,  The first Australian rules football match is played between Melbourne Grammar and Scotch College.

In 1858, Ottawa was chosen by Queen Victoria as capital of the Dominion of Canada.

In 1861, the first man to fly professionally for the American military flew reconnaissance over rebel forces in a balloon. Thaddeus Lowe was officially appointed to be the Union army’s military aeronaut by President Lincoln.

In 1869, First Solar Eclipse Photographed.

In 1877, The capital of West Virginia was located…no, not in Charleston, but in Wheeling. It moved to Charleston later.

In 1879,  The opening of the Poor Man’s Palace in Manchester, England.

In 1882, the famous family feud between the Hatfield’s of West Virginia and the McCoy’s of Kentucky broke out. By the time it ended, about 100 men, women, and children had been either killed or wounded. Richard Dawson created a less-violent game show in 1976 based on the feud. Survey said…?

In 1883, An intense hailstorm killed 21 head of cattle near Gray, Iowa.

In 1888, Theophilus Van Kannel of Philadelphia received a patent for his revolving door — described as a storm door structure.

In 1889, the capital of Montana was picked…no, not in Helena…BOZEMAN.

In 1890,  Anna Månsdotter becomes the last woman in Sweden to be executed, for the 1889 Yngsjö murder.

In 1909,  Alice Huyler Ramsey and three friends become the first women to complete a transcontinental auto trip, taking 59 days to travel from New York, New York to San Francisco, California.

In 1909, The first Lincoln penny is issued.

Progressive Moose walking.pngIn 1912, The Progressive Party nominated Theodore Roosevelt for president. It was a third party in the United States formed in 1912 by former President Theodore Roosevelt after he lost the presidential nomination of the Republican Party to his former protégé, incumbent President William Howard Taft. The new party was known for taking advanced positions on progressivereforms and attracting some leading reformers. After the party’s defeat in the 1912 presidential election, it went into rapid decline, disappearing by 1918. The Progressive Party was popularly nicknamed the “Bull Moose Party” since Roosevelt often said that he felt “strong as a bull moose” both before and after an assassination attempt on the campaign trail.

Dunning First Moving Carrier Landing IWM Q 110613.jpgIn 1917,  Edwin Harris Dunning, South African-English pilot and commander (b. 1891) was killed, during his second landing attempt of the day, when an updraft caught his port wing, throwing his plane overboard. Knocked unconscious, he drowned in the cockpit. Squadron Commander Edwin Harris Dunning, DSC, of the British Royal Naval Air Service, was the first pilot to land an aircraft on a moving ship.

In 1927,  The Peace Bridge opens between Fort Erie, Ontario and Buffalo, New York.

In 1928, The U.S. dollar began to shrink this day. New bills, one third smaller than previously, were issued by the U.S. Treasury Dept.

In 1930,  The last confirmed lynching of blacks in the Northern United States occurs in Marion, Indiana. Two men, Thomas Shipp and Abram Smith, are killed.

Ooptimemachine4939.jpgIn 1932, The comic strip “Alley Oop” debut. Alley Oop is a syndicated comic strip created in 1932 by American cartoonist V. T. Hamlin, who wrote and drew the popular and influential strip through four decades for Newspaper Enterprise Association. Hamlin introduced an engaging cast of characters, and his story lines entertained with a combination of adventure, fantasy, and humor.

Alley Oop, the strip’s title character, was a sturdy citizen in the prehistoric kingdom of Moo. He rode his pet dinosaur Dinny, carried a stone war hammer, and wore nothing but a fur loincloth. He would rather fight dinosaurs in the jungle than deal with his fellow countrymen in Moo’s capital and sole cave-town. Despite these exotic settings, the stories were often satires of American suburban life.

In 1933,  The Simele massacre: The Iraqi government slaughters over 3,000 Assyrians in the village of Simele. The day becomes known as Assyrian Martyrs Day.

In 1934, The U.S. Court of Appeals upheld a lower court ruling striking down the government’s attempt to ban the controversial James Joyce novel “Ulysses.”

In 1938,  The Holocaust: The building of Mauthausen concentration camp begins.

In 1940,  World War II: Alsace-Lorraine is annexed by the Third Reich.

In 1942,  World War II: The Battle of Guadalcanal begins as the United States Marines initiate the first American offensive of the war with landings on Guadalcanal and Tulagi in the Solomon Islands.

In 1944,  IBM dedicates the first program-controlled calculator, the Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (known best as the Harvard Mark I).

In 1946,  The government of the Soviet Union presented a note to its Turkish counterparts which refuted the latter’s sovereignty over the Turkish Straits, thus beginning the Turkish Straits crisis.

In 1947,  Thor Heyerdahl‘s balsa wood raft the Kon-Tiki, smashes into the reef at Raroia in the Tuamotu Islands after a 101-day, 7,000 kilometres (4,300 mi) journey across the Pacific Ocean in an attempt to prove that pre-historic peoples could have traveled from South America.

In 1947 – The Bombay Municipal Corporation formally takes over the Bombay Electric Supply and Transport (BEST).

In 1954, Charles Mahoney becomes first US black to serve as a full UN delegate.

In 1955,  Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering, the precursor to Sony, sells its first transistor radios in Japan.

In 1955, Thru Aug. 21, hurricane from North Carolina to New England: “Diane” took 184 lives.

In 1957,  Oliver Hardy, American actor, singer, and director (b. 1892) dies. He was an American comic actor famous as one half of Laurel and Hardy, the classic double act that began in the era of silent films and lasted 25 years, from 1927 to 1951. He was credited with his first film, Outwitting Dad, in 1914. In some of his early works, he was billed as Babe Hardy, using his nickname.

In 1958, U.S. submarine Nautilus arrived in Iceland after the first voyage by a vessel under the Polar ice cap. It passed under the North Pole on August 3.

In 1959,  The Lincoln Memorial design on the U.S. penny goes into circulation. It replaces the “sheaves of wheat” design, and was minted until 2008.

In 1959,  Explorer program: Explorer 6 launches from the Atlantic Missile Range in Cape Canaveral, Florida, which sent back a picture of the Earth, the first photograph from space; it included the caption, “this is Earth, wish you was here.” Representatives of the Flat Earth Society are unavailable for comment.

In 1960,  Côte d’Ivoire becomes independent from France.

In 1961, Soviet premier Khrushchev predicts USSR economics will past US.

In 1961, Cosmonaut Gherman Titov circles Earth for a full day in Vostok 2.

In 1963, Jacqueline Kennedy became the first wife of a president since the days of Grover Cleveland to give birth while he was in the White House. The infant died two days later.

In 1964,  Vietnam War: The U.S. Congress passes the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution giving U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson broad war powers to deal with North Vietnamese attacks on American forces.

In 1965,  The infamous first Reyes party between Ken Kesey‘s Merry Pranksters and motorcycle gang the Hells Angels takes place at Kesey’s estate in La Honda, California introducing psychedelics to the gang world and forever linking the hippie movement to the Hell’s Angels.

In 1966,  Race riots occur in Lansing, Michigan.

In 1970,  California judge Harold Haley is taken hostage in his courtroom and killed during an effort to free George Jackson from police custody.

In 1973, U.S. vice-president Spiro Agnew admitted that he was under investigation for crimes including fraud and bribery in his own state of Maryland.

In 1974,  Philippe Petit performs a high wire act between the twin towers of the World Trade Center 1,368 feet (417 m) in the air.

In 1976,  Viking program: Viking 2 enters orbit around Mars.

In 1978,  U.S. President Jimmy Carter declares a federal emergency at Love Canal due to toxic waste that had been disposed of negligently.

In 1979,  Several tornadoes strike the city of Woodstock, Ontario, Canada and the surrounding communities.

In 1981,  The Washington Star ceases all operations after 128 years of publication. Only one daily newspaper remained to serve the nation’s capital: “The Washington Post”.

In 1983, Some 675,000 employees represented by three unions went on strike against American Telephone and Telegraph Company. Contract agreements were reached in the following weeks, the last one on Aug. 28.

In 1985,  Takao Doi, Mamoru Mohri and Chiaki Mukai are chosen to be Japan’s first astronauts.

In 1985,  The White House Farm murders took place near the English village of Tolleshunt D’Arcy, Essex, England.

In 1985, Ted Turner Buys MGM For $1.5 Billion. He owns the movie and cartoon library including the Tom and Jerry cartoons.

In 1987,  Lynne Cox becomes first person to swim from the United States to the Soviet Union, crossing from Little Diomede Island in Alaska to Big Diomede in the Soviet Union

In 1987, the presidents of five Central American nations, meeting in Guatemala City, signed an eleven-point agreement designed to bring peace to their region.

In 1989,  U.S. Congressman Mickey Leland (D-TX) and 15 others die in a plane crash in Ethiopia.

In 1990, Nelson Mandela’s African National Congress suspended a 29-year guerrilla campaign against white rule in a dramatic concession that cleared the way for talks on ending South Africa’s apartheid system.

In 1990, President Bush ordered U.S. troops and warplanes to Saudi Arabia to enact Operation Desert Shield to guard the oil-rich desert kingdom and to protect the Saudi oil fields from a possible invasion by Saddam Hussein’s Iraqi forces.

In 1991, the five permanent members of the U.N. Security Council agreed to authorize Iraq to sell as much as $1.6 billion in oil over six months to pay for food, humanitarian supplies and war reparations; however, Baghdad rejected the resolution.

In 1992, The 39-nation Conference on Disarmament in Geneva produced the final draft of a treaty to ban chemical weapons, ending 24 years of talks.

In 1992, the luxury liner “Queen Elizabeth 2” ran aground off Massachusetts.

In 1994, 1st telephone link between Israel & Jordan.

In 1994, Ernesto Samper sworn in as president of Colombia.

In 1996, More than six million America Online customers worldwide were left stranded when the system crashed for almost 19 hours.

In 1998,  The United States embassy bombings in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania and Nairobi, Kenya kill approximately 212 people.

In 1999,  The Chechnya-based Islamic International Brigade invades the neighboring Russian Dagestan.

In 1999, The first Argentines allowed to visit the Falklands since the end of the 1982 war between Britain and Argentina arrived on the islands.

In 1999, President Clinton, during a visit to his home state of Arkansas, promised to devote the rest of his presidency to erasing poverty. Yeah!

In 1999, The Southern Party held its inaugural rally in Flat Rock, North Carolina, pledging to work peacefully for a separate Southern nation.

In 2000, Vice President and Democratic presidential candidate Al Gore selected Connecticut Senator Joseph Lieberman as his running mate; Lieberman was the first Jew on a major party’s presidential ticket.

election dayIn 2007, The Jackson City Council voted (7-1) to donate $50,000.00 to the Jackson Humane Society’s Animal Shelter. The only strings attached: funding from all other sources must come first and that the old building revert to the city. The present building was placed on city property next to the Jones Creek Golf course. The council with the Mayor’s approval failed to accept my recommendation of a member of the Council be admitted to the voting board of the society. I voted no, of course I would have voted no anyway. Councilmen Randy Wallace and Danny Ellis will hopefully obtain what they want. There is no guarantee of the Society’s follow through on their action requests if there is no process to enforce.

The Humane Society presented their warm and fuzzy view of their position and their service to the community. They also understated or attempted to ignore the service provide by Animal Control. There is some deep seeded resentment that resides with the society in opposition of the city and county’s operation as well as the operations of dozens of animal rescue groups that are not afforded such favored status. All these operations have a place and a function within their guidelines and shouldn’t be in opposition. Apparently they feel obligated to the idea that they are different. They also explained that this was a one time deal. Maybe so. By the way the rather interesting cartoon on the right made its way to the Jackson Sun. I kept it as a reminder of the lack of thought some put into their actions.

The somewhat amusing cartoon was in respect to my no vote…. it is by Leonard Bruce. Not a very good likeness.

In 2008,  The start of the Russo-Georgian War over the territory of South Ossetia.

In 2012,  Three gunmen kill 19 people in a church near Okene, Nigeria.

In 2013,  A bombing in a market in Karachi, Pakistan, kills eleven people.

In 2016,  Evaristo Carvalho is elected 7th President of São Tomé and Príncipe.

 

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