The Epistle of James Chapter 1

“Patience; Prayer; Living Life: God’s Word and it’s Effect.”

This Bible Study is written by Roger Christopherson, available at http://www.theseason.org

There has been more controversy among the scholars about James, the message and the book, and who he is, than any other author of the New Testament. The author was not James the disciple and the brother of John, but he was the half brother of Jesus, as recorded in Matthew 13:55. At that time Jesus had been gone for a long time, and when he returned to the home of His family, He attended their synagogue. The things that Jesus taught, those things that He said astonished the congregation, and they wondered where Jesus had obtained such great knowledge and wisdom.

Matthew 13:55 “Is not this the carpenter’s son? is not his mother called Mary? and His brethren, James, and Joses, and Simon, and Judas?”

Matthew 13:56 “And his sisters, are they not all with us? Whence then hath this man all these things?”

The point I am pointing to here is that Jesus’ mother was a virgin when she conceived the Christ child Jesus, and Jesus is the only begotten son of our Heavenly Father. However Mary was also married after that time to her husband Joseph, and in the marriage union between Joseph and Mary, Jesus had four brothers, and at least two sisters. James, the author of this book of James, was that brother James as recorded in Matthew 13:55. Judas, or “Jude”, one of the other brothers of Jesus was the author of another book in the New Testament called the “book of Jude”.

We are told to “rightly divide the Word of God”, and this includes not only who the book is written by, but also who it is written to. It includes the time that it was written and for what time period it is addressed. The book of James was written between 65-69 A.D., in Jerusalem. This was just prior to the fall of Jerusalem to the Roman general Titus, and the scattering of the Jews from Jerusalem. So it is important to notice that it is addressed not just to the tribes of the House of Judah, and the tribes of Judah and Benjamin, but to all of the tribes, including the ten tribes that made up the “House of Israel”. Those ten tribes of the the House of Israel were scattered prior to 722 B.C by the Assyrians, and were not part of the captivity of the House of Judah [called Jews], in Babylon.

The book of James is written to the twelve tribes. These twelve tribes came from the twelve sons of Jacob. Jacob was the grandson of Abraham, through Isaac, and Jacob’s name was changed by God to “Israel“. While in captivity in Egypt the family of Jacob, or Israel grew into a nation, and all the families of Israel became known as the children of Israel. And in due time, as God had prophesied to Abraham, his family came out of Egypt as a nation. While in the wilderness, Moses had all the families separated into their individual tribes, and established their own individual banners to identify themselves personally. Though each of the tribes was allocated their own lands in the promised land, the tribe of Levi was established as the priestly tribe and was scattered amongst all the other tribes. Yet because of Joseph’s birthright, a double portion was given to him, and given to both of Joseph’s sons, Ephraim and Manasseh.

These tribes conquered their promised land, and lived under the rule of the Judges from about 1440 B.C. until the monarch was set up by Samuel the prophet, when Samuel anointed Saul as the king. After Saul’s rule came king David and then his son Solomon. When Solomon died, the kingdom of the twelve tribes called Israel was split into two separate nations, called “Houses”. These houses were the “House of Israel“, which was made up of the ten tribes to the north, and the “House of Judah“, which at a later time in Babylon became known as “Jews”. Each of these two nations had their own line of kings, rule of law, and God dealt with each of them separately.

The “House of Israel” are those ten tribes which were taken captive by the Assyrians to a location in northern Iraq for relocation, and shortly after their relocation from their Palestine area home lands, they continued their migrations through the Caucasus mountains, and on into Western Europe, and the Americas. The one thing that these ten tribes never lost in their identity, was this single event of their earliest migrations. That trip through the Caucasus mountains, for this marked them as “Caucasians”, even to our present generation. Though most Caucasians simply don’t know who they are, or how they came to be identified, they do know that they are Caucasian, but they think that they think Caucasian is in reference to the color white.

God used the prophet Hosea to tell the people of the children of Israel that not only would the two nations be separated, and form two nations, but He would divorce one of the nations or houses, and stay married to the other. The example [ensample] was given through the marriage of the prophet Hosea to a daughter of whoredoms named Gomer, and they had three children. The first child was named “Jezreel”, and the name of this son was used to tell the kingdom of the “House of Israel” [not the Jews], of the prophecy of God’s divorcement to them. This name of Jezreel had two meanings in the Hebrew tongue. The name is prophetic of the “coming judgment and future mercy”.

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