August 8th in History

This day in history

August 8 is the 220th day of the year (221st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 145 days remaining until the end of the year.

Holidays

History

In 870,  Treaty of Meerssen: King Louis the German and his half-brother Charles the Bald partition the Middle Frankish Kingdom into two larger east and west divisions.

In 1220,  Sweden is defeated by Estonian tribes in the Battle of Lihula.

In 1503,  King James IV of Scotland marries Margaret Tudor, daughter of King Henry VII of England at Holyrood Abbey in Edinburgh, Scotland.

In 1576,  The cornerstone for Tycho Brahe‘s Uraniborg observatory is laid on Ven, Denmark.

In 1585,  John Davis enters Cumberland Sound in search of the Northwest Passage.

In 1588,  Anglo-Spanish War: Battle of Gravelines: The naval engagement ends, ending the Spanish Armada‘s attempt to invade England.

In 1605,  The city of Oulu, Finland, is founded by Charles IX of Sweden.

In 1647,  The Irish Confederate Wars and Wars of the Three Kingdoms: Battle of Dungan’s Hill: English Parliamentary forces defeat Irish forces.

In 1648, Ibrahim “the Mad,” Ottoman Sultan, deposed and killed.

In 1709,  Bartolomeu de Gusmão demonstrates the lifting power of hot air in an audience before the King of Portugal in Lisbon, Portugal

In 1758, British troops occupy & plunder Cherbourg.

In 1776, John Paul Jones was commissioned as a captain of the U-S Navy.

In 1778, Daniel Boone defended his Kentucky fort against Indians

In 1786,  Mont Blanc on the FrenchItalian border is climbed for the first time by Jacques Balmat and Dr. Michel-Gabriel Paccard.

In 1786, The silver dollar and the decimal system of money were adopted by the U.S. Congress.

In 1793,  The insurrection of Lyon occurs during the French Revolution.

In 1794,  Joseph Whidbey leads an expedition to search for the Northwest Passage near Juneau, Alaska.

In 1843, Natal (in South Africa) is made a British colony.

In 1844,  The Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, headed by Brigham Young, is reaffirmed as the leading body of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church).

In 1862, President Lincoln suspended habeas corpus in the United States…giving troops and police the power to do pretty much anything they wanted to suppress Civil War draft riots or otherwise keep the peace.

In 1863,  American Civil War: Following his defeat in the Battle of Gettysburg, General Robert E. Lee sends a letter of resignation to Confederate President Jefferson Davis (which is refused upon receipt).

In 1870,  The Republic of Ploiești, a failed Radical-Liberal rising against Domnitor Carol of Romania.

In 1876,  Thomas Edison receives a patent for his mimeograph.

In 1882, Snow falls on Lake Michigan, yet its the very middle of Summer.

In 1885,  More than 1.5 million people attend the funeral of Ulysses S. Grant in New York City.

In 1908,  Wilbur Wright makes his first flight at a racecourse at Le Mans, France. It is the Wright Brothers’ first public flight.

In 1911, Membership in the U.S. House of Representatives was established at 435. Every 211,877 residents of the U.S. were represented by one member of Congress.

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Alvin C. York, Pall Mall, Tennessee

In 1918, World War I: the Battle of Amiens begins a string of almost continuous victories with a push through the German front lines (Hundred Days Offensive). That same day six US soldiers were surrounded by Germans in France, Alvin York is given command taking 32 machine guns, killing 28 German soldiers and capturing 132 others.

In 1919, Frank Winfield Woolworth, U.S. businessman, died. Founder of the five and ten-cent stores in 1879. By his death, the F.W. Woolworth company had over 1,000 outlets.

In 1925, Washington D.C. is invaded by the largest-ever Ku Klux Klan rally, as forty thousand robed and hooded Klansmen parade down Pennsylvania Avenue. In 1971, Woodsy Owl, Symbol Character, Give a Hoot, Don’t Pollute.

In 1927,  The predecessor to the Philippine Stock Exchange opens.

In 1929,  The German airship Graf Zeppelin begins a round-the-world flight.

In 1933, the first Federal Savings and Loan Association of Miami, Florida, was the first savings and loan in the U.S. established.

In 1940, the Battle of Britain began as Nazi Germany warplanes launched air attacks against England and began bombing the southeastern part of the country in what is remembered today as The Battle Of Britain.

In 1940,  The “Aufbau Ost” directive is signed by Wilhelm Keitel.

In 1942,  Quit India Movement is launched in India against the British rule in response to Mohandas Gandhi‘s call for swaraj or complete independence.

In 1942, six convicted Nazi saboteurs who had landed in the United States were executed in Washington, D.C.; two others received life imprisonment because of their cooperation.

In 1945, the Soviet Union declared war on Japan, two days after the atom bomb was dropped on Hiroshima and seven days before Tokyo surrendered.

In 1946,  First flight of the Convair B-36, the world’s first mass-produced nuclear weapon delivery vehicle, the heaviest mass-produced piston-engined aircraft, with the longest wingspan of any military aircraft, and the first bomber with intercontinental range.

In 1953, the US and South Korea signed a mutual security pact. American troops still safeguard the border between North and South Korea.

In 1955, Fidel Castro formed the “Motion of July 26th”.

In 1960,  South Kasai secedes from the Congo.

In 1963,  Great Train Robbery: In England, a gang of 15 train robbers steal £2.6 million in bank notes.

In 1963,  The Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU), the current ruling party of Zimbabwe, is formed by a split from the Zimbabwe African People’s Union.

In 1966, Providing conclusive evidence that music-industry executives and newspaper publishers are just as groovy as everyone else, The New York Times prints an advertisement for the album LSD, an anthology featuring various people tripping out on the popular hippie hallucinogen.

In 1967,  The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is founded by Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand.

In 1968, Richard M. Nixon was nominated for president as the Republican national convention in Miami Beach, Florida. Later that day, Nixon selected Maryland Gov. Spiro T. Agnew to be his running mate.

In 1969,  At a zebra crossing in London, photographer Iain Macmillan takes the photo that becomes the cover of the Beatles album Abbey Road.

In 1973,  Kim Dae-jung, a South Korean politician and later president of South Korea, is kidnapped.

In 1973, Vice President Spiro T, Agnew branded as “damn lies” reports that he had taken kickbacks from government contracts in Maryland, and vowed never to resign. Of course, he eventually did.

In 1974,  President Richard Nixon, in a nationwide television address, announces his resignation from the office of the President of the United States effective noon the next day.

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Odie the Dog

In 1978, Odie The Dog first appeared on the Garfield comic strip.

In 1979, Iraqi president Saddam Hussein executes 22 political opponents.

In 1980,  The Central Hotel Fire occurs in Bundoran, Ireland.

In 1988,  The “8888 Uprising” occurs in Burma.

In 1988, Sec of State Shultz narrowly escapes assassin attempt in Bolivia.

In 1989,  Space Shuttle program: STS-28 Mission: Space Shuttle Columbia takes off on a secret five-day military mission.

In 1990,  Iraq occupies Kuwait and the state is annexed to Iraq. This would lead to the Gulf War shortly afterward.

In 1991,  The Warsaw radio mast, at one time the tallest construction ever built, collapses.

In 1994, Israel and Jordan opened the first road link between the two once-warring countries; Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin became the first Israeli head of government to officially set foot on Jordanian soil.

In 1995, President Clinton, during a visit to Baltimore, ordered all companies doing business with the federal government to report the pollution they cause.

In 1995, the regime of Iraq’s Saddam Hussein was shaken when his two eldest daughters, their husbands and other senior army officers defected.

In 1996, President Clinton belittled Bob Dole’s tax plan, vowing to oppose tax cuts that he said the country couldn’t afford. Republican sources, meanwhile, said Dole was seriously considering Jack Kemp to be his running mate.

In 1996, Amy Guttensohn gave birth to the first set of all-male quintuplets at Baptist Medical Center in Montgomery. The names were Mason Fielder, Eric Tanner, Hunter Christian, Parker Allen and Taylor James Guttensohn all weigh between 2 pounds, 2 1/2 ounces and 2 pounds, 14 ounces. Eric Guttensohn was the father.

In 1997, the Teamsters and United Parcel Service completed a second day of federally mediated talks, with neither side reporting progress toward ending a strike.

In 1999, Opening a new attack on the Republican tax-cut measure, President Clinton warned the nation’s governors at their meeting in St. Louis that the $792 billion package would trigger “huge cuts” in Medicare, farm programs and other spending critical to their voters.

In 2000,  Confederate submarine H.L. Hunley is raised to the surface after 136 years on the ocean floor and 30 years after its discovery by undersea explorer E. Lee Spence.

In 2000, Vice President Al Gore formally introduced and celebrated his Jewish running mate, Senator Joseph Lieberman, during an appearance in Gore’s home state of Tennessee. A bomb ripped through an underground walkway in central Moscow, killing at least 13 people. Chile’s Supreme Court stripped General Augusto Pinochet’s immunity, clearing the way for the former dictator to be tried on human rights charges. (However, an appeals court later ruled Pinochet unfit to stand trial because of his deteriorating health and mental condition.)

In 2008,  A EuroCity express train en route from Kraków, Poland to Prague, Czech Republic strikes a part of a motorway bridge that had fallen onto the railroad track near Studénka railway station in the Czech Republic and derails, killing eight people and injuring 64 others.

In 2008,  The opening ceremony of the 2008 Summer Olympics take place in Beijing.

In 2010,  2010 China floods: A mudslide in Zhugqu County, Gansu, China, kills more than 1,400 people.

In 2013,  A suicide bombing at a funeral in the Pakistani city of Quetta kills at least 31 people.

In 2015,  Eight people are killed in a shooting in Harris County, Texas.

In 2016,  Terrorists attack a government hospital in Quetta, Pakistan with a suicide blast and shooting, killing between 70 and 94 people, and injuring around 130 others.

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