August 16th in History

This day in historyAugust 16 is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 137 days remaining until the end of the year.

Holidays

General events on August 16th

In 1829, the original Siamese twins, Chang and Eng Bunker, arrived in Boston aboard the ship Sachem to be exhibited to the Western world.

Te lawrence.jpg

T. E. Lawrence

In 1888T. E. Lawrence, British Army soldier and writer (d. 1935) was born.

In 1896, (or Aug 12?) the Klondike Gold Rush began as George Carmack discovered gold 50 miles east of the Alaskan border at Bonanza Creek at the Yukon.

In 1904, N.Y. Grand Central Station Began Construction.

In 1923, the bosses agreed the eight was enough as the Carnegie Steel Corporation established an eight-hour work day for its workers on this day.

In 1961, 250,000 West Berliners demonstrate against East Berlin.

In 1961, Martin L King protests for black voting right in Miami.

In 1965, Five days of civil rights rioting ends in Los Angeles, California.

In 1987, Thousands of people prayed and meditated for universal peace this day, as the much publicized Harmonic Convergence took place. Ancient prophecies were supposed to come true — along with predictions of alien visits. People gathered in 20 sites around the world to free the New Age at the Harmonic Convergence, the alignment of our Solar System’s planets; it was the dawn of the new age. Yeah, right.

In 1988, IBM introduces software for artificial intelligence.

In 2010, China Overtakes Japan as World’s Second-Biggest Economy

Government and Politics on August 16th

In 1 BCWang Mang consolidates his power and is declared marshal of state. Emperor Ai of Han, who died the day prior, had no heirs.

In 1328, The House of Gonzaga seizes power in the Duchy of Mantua, and will rule until 1708.

In 1691, Yorktown, Virginia, founded (est day).

In 1792, Maximilien de Robespierre presents the petition of the Commune of Paris to the Legislative Assembly, which demanded the formation of a revolutionary tribunal.

In 1793, French Revolution: a levée en masse is decreed by the National Convention.

In 1841, U.S. President John Tyler vetoes a bill which called for the re-establishment of the Second Bank of the United States. Enraged Whig Party members riot outside the White House in the most violent demonstration on White House grounds in U.S. history.

In 1858, a telegraphed message from Britain’s Queen Victoria to U.S. President James Buchanan was transmitted over the recently laid trans-Atlantic cable.

In 1861, President Lincoln prohibited the states of the Union from trading with the seceding states of the Confederacy.

In 1889, Bismarck was selected as the capital of North Dakota

In 1948, The Israeli pound becomes legal tender.

In 1956, Adlai E. Stevenson was nominated for president at the Democratic national convention in Chicago.

In 1960, Republic of Congo (Zaire, Dem Rep of Congo) forms.

In 1960, Britain granted independence to the crown colony of Cyprus.

In 1963, Independence is restored to Dominican Republic.

In 1968, COVER OF “TIME” The Republican Ticket: NIXON and AGNEW

In 1982, in a nationally broadcast address, President Reagan pleads on behalf of a $98.3 billion tax increase, saying it was needed to avoid ballooning deficits.

In 1984, a federal court jury in Los Angeles acquitted former automaker John DeLorean on all eight counts in a $24 billion cocaine conspiracy indictment, citing the government trapped him in a “sting” operation with a promise of money to save his falling auto company.

In 1986, House and Senate conferees on Capitol Hill approved sweeping legislation to extensively restructure the federal income tax law.

In 1988, Vice President George Bush tapped Indiana Senator Dan Quayle to be his running mate, calling him “a man of the future”.

In 1991, President Bush declared the recession is near an end.

In 1991, In Moscow, Alexander Yakovlev, a top adviser to Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev, resigned from the Communist Party, warning that hard-liners were plotting “a party and state coup.”

In 1992, on the eve of the Republican National Convention in Houston, President Bush and party officials heatedly denied a report in The New York Times that a confrontation with Iraqi President Saddam Hussein was motivated by political concerns.

In 1994, Chandrika Kumaratungo’s party wins Sri Lanka elections.

In 1994, President Clinton and other top Democrats were scouring the House of Representatives for converts in hopes of reviving a stalled anti-crime bill.

In 1996, a jubilant Bob Dole set out from the Republican convention, promoting his tax-cut plan as a boon to working families.

In 1998, A day before President Clinton was to face a criminal grand jury concerning his relationship with Monica Lewinsky, his lawyer said, “The truth is the truth, and that’s how the president will testify.”

In 1999, Republican Lamar Alexander folded his presidential campaign.

In 1999, Vladimir Putin won confirmation as Russia’s prime minister, the fifth since early 1998.

In 1999, The United States opened a new consulate in the former Saigon, nearly 25 years after a dramatic airlift from its old embassy marked the end of the Vietnam War.

In 2000, Senator John McCain (Republican, Arizona) was diagnosed with a second bout of melanoma (the cancer was later surgically removed, with no sign that it had spread).

In 2000, Delegates to the Democratic National Convention in Los Angeles formally nominated Al Gore for president.

War, Crime and Disaster events on August 16th

In 1513, Henry VIII of England and Emperor Maximilian defeat the French at Guinegatte, France, in the Battle of the Spurs.

In 1652,  Battle of Plymouth: Inconclusive naval action between the fleets of Michiel de Ruyter and George Ayscue in the First Anglo-Dutch War.

In 1777, American forces won an important victory at the Battle of Bennington, Vermont, in the Revolutionary War.

In 1780, British decisively defeat Americans in Battle of Camden, SC.

In 1780, American Revolutionary War: Battle of Camden: The British defeat the Americans near Camden, South Carolina.

In 1812, Detroit and the Michigan territory fell to British and Indian forces in the War of 1812. American General William Hull surrenders Fort Detroit without a fight to the British Army.

In 1819, Peterloo Massacre: Seventeen people die and over 600 are injured in cavalry charges at a public meeting at St. Peter’s Field, Manchester, England.

In 1906, -17] 8.6 earthquake destroys Valparaiso Chile, fire kills 20,000.

In 1914, Zapata & Pancho Villa over run Mexico.

In 1934, US ends occupation of Haiti (been there since 1915).

In 1940, 45 German aircrafts shot down over England.

In 1948, Arabs blow up Latrun pumping station in Jerusalem.

In 1983, the United States admitted that Army intelligence officers had helped former Nazi official Klaus Barbie flee to Bolivia and escape prosecution following World War II after he’d been recruited as an anti- communist spy.

In 1987,  Northwest Airlines Flight 255 a McDonnell Douglas MD-82 crashes after take off in Detroit, Michigan, killing 154 of the 155 on board, plus two people on the ground. Girl, 4, was the only survivor.

In 1990, Iraq ordered 4,000 Britons & 2,500 Americans in Kuwait to Iraq.

In 1990, In Iraq, President Saddam Hussein issued a statement in which he repeatedly called Bush a “liar” and said the outbreak of war could result in “thousands of Americans wrapped in sad coffins.”

In 1990, President Bush met with Jordan’s King Hussein in Kennebunkport, Maine, where he urged the monarch to close Iraq’s access to the sea through the port of Aqaba.

In 1990, U.S. naval forces were ordered to prevent ships from reaching or leaving the ports of Iraq and Iraqi-occupied Kuwait.

In 1999, Four months after two gunmen sent them fleeing in horror, students reclaimed Columbine High School in Colorado for the start of the school year.

In 2012, South African police fatally shoot 34 miners and wound 78 more during an industrial dispute near Rustenburg.

In 2013,  The ferry St. Thomas Aquinas collides with a cargo ship and sinks at Cebu, Philippines, killing 61 people and 59 others missing.

In 2015,  More than 96 people are killed and hundreds injured following a series of air-raids by the Syrian Arab Air Force on the rebel-held market town of Douma.

Royalty and Religious events on August 16th

In 963,  Nikephoros II Phokas is crowned emperor of the Byzantine Empire.

In 1894, The chiefs of the Sioux and Onondaga tribes in America hold a meeting to urge their people to cast aside Christianity and return to the faith of their fathers.

In 1972, African-American Methodist clergyman from Dominica, West Indies, Philip A. Potter, 51, was named general secretary of the World Council of Churches. Serving until 1984, Potter gave strong spiritual guidance to the work of the WCC.

In 1991, Pope John Paul the Second began the first-ever papal visit to Hungary.

In 1998, Protestants and Catholics in Northern Ireland united in uncomprehending grief over the car bomb slaughter of 29 people in Omagh a day earlier.

Human Achievement and Science events on August 16th

In 1501, Amerigo Vespucci reached the coast of Brazil. Vespucci’s voyage came several years after Columbus sailed the ocean blue. But Vespucci wrote his memoirs, which came to the attention of a Swiss publisher. That guy put out an atlas of the New World and suggested that it be named for Vespucci. Vespucci really was a fairly intrepid explorer…but it took an ill-informed Swiss publisher to put America on the map.

In 1797, Comet C/1797 P1 (Bouvard-Herschel) approaches 0.0879 AUs of Earth.

In 1898, the loop-de-loop Roller Coaster was patented by Edwin Prescott.

In 1934, American explorer William Beebe descends 3,028 feet in his bathysphere into the ocean near Bermuda.

In 1960, Captain Joseph W. Kittinger made the longest delayed parachute jump on record when he bailed out of a balloon at 102,800 feet and dropped 84,700 feet (31,330 m) or 16.04 miles before opening his parachute over New Mexico.

In 1970, Venera 7 launched by USSR for soft landing on Venus.

In 1989, a rare prime-time lunar eclipse occurred over most of the United States, although clouds spoiled the view for many.

In 1989,  A solar flare from the Sun creates a geomagnetic storm that affects micro chips, leading to a halt of all trading on Toronto’s stock market.

In 1997, two cosmonauts just returned from Mir (Vasily Tsibliyev and Alexander Lazutkin) held a news conference in which they rejected criticism that they were to blame for troubles aboard the aging, problem-plagued space station.

In 2008,  The Trump International Hotel and Tower in Chicago is topped off at 1,389 feet (423 m), at the time becoming the world’s highest residence above ground-level.

Arts and Prose events on August 16th

In 1954, Time Inc’s “Sports Illustrated” magazine published its first issue.

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