August 25th in History

This day in historyAugust 25 is the 237th day of the year (238th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 128 days remaining until the end of the year.

Holidays

History

In 357, Battle of Strasbourg: Julian, Caesar (deputy emperor) and supreme commander of the Roman army in Gaul, wins an important victory against the Alemanni at Strasbourg (Argentoratum).

In 450, Pulcheria becomes empress of the Byzantine Empire after her brother Theodosius II is killed during an hunting accident. She marries the Illyrian (or Thracian) senator Marcian who is crowned as emperor.

In 766,  Emperor Constantine V humiliates nineteen high-ranking officials, after discovering a plot against him. He executes the leaders, Constantine Podopagouros and his brother Strategios.

In 1248, The Dutch city of Ommen receives city rights and fortification rights from Otto III, the Archbishop of Utrecht.

In 1258, Regent George Mouzalon and his brothers are killed during a coup headed by the aristocratic faction under, paving the way for its leader, Michael VIII Palaiologos, to ultimately usurp the throne of the Empire of Nicaea.

In 1537, The Honourable Artillery Company, the oldest surviving regiment in the British Army, and the second most senior, is formed.

In 1580, Battle of Alcântara. Spain defeats Portugal.

In 1609, Galileo Galilei demonstrates his first telescope to Venetian lawmakers.

In 1630, Portuguese forces are defeated by the Kingdom of Kandy at the Battle of Randeniwela in Sri Lanka.

In 1758, Seven Years’ War: Frederick II of Prussia defeats the Russian army at the Battle of Zorndorf.

In 1768, James Cook begins his first voyage.

In 1825, Uruguay declares its independence from Brazil.

In 1830, The Belgian Revolution begins.

In 1835, The New York Sun perpetrates the Great Moon Hoax.

In 1875, Captain Matthew Webb became the first person to swim across the English Channel, traveling from Dover, England, to Calais, France, in 22 hours.

In 1894, Kitasato Shibasaburō discovers the infectious agent of the bubonic plague and publishes his findings in The Lancet.

In 1898, 700 Greek civilians, 17 British guards and the British Consul of Crete are killed by a Turkish mob in Heraklion, Greece.

In 1912, The Kuomintang, the Chinese nationalist party, is founded.

In 1914, World War I: The library of the Catholic University of Leuven is deliberately destroyed by the German Army. Hundreds of thousands of irreplaceable volumes and Gothic and Renaissance manuscripts are lost.

In 1916, The United States National Park Service is created.

Born in 1919, George Wallace 8/25/1919 – 9/13/1998  American four-time governor of Alabama and 1968 third-party candidate

In 1920,  Polish–Soviet War: Battle of Warsaw, which began on August 13, ends with the Red Army‘s defeat.

In 1921, The first skirmishes of the Battle of Blair Mountain occur.

SeanConneryJune08.jpgBorn in 1930, Actor Sean Connery.  He is a Scottish actor and producer who has won an Academy Award, two BAFTA Awards (one of them being a BAFTA Academy Fellowship Award) and three Golden Globes (including the Cecil B. DeMille Award and a Henrietta Award). He was knighted by Elizabeth II in July 2000, and received the Kennedy Center Honors in the US. Connery is best known for portraying the character James Bond, starring in seven Bond films between 1962 and 1983 (six Eon Productions films and the non-Eon Thunderball remake, Never Say Never Again).  In 1988, Connery won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his role in The Untouchables. His film career also includes such films as Marnie, The Name of the Rose, The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen, Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, The Hunt for Red October, Highlander, Murder on the Orient Express, Dragonheart, and The Rock. Connery has been polled as “The Greatest Living Scot” and “Scotland’s Greatest Living National Treasure”.  In 1989, he was proclaimed “Sexiest Man Alive” by People magazine and in 1999, at age 69, he was voted “Sexiest Man of the Century”.

In 1933, The Diexi earthquake strikes Mao County, Sichuan, China and kills 9,000 people.

In 1939, The United Kingdom and Poland form a military alliance in which the UK promises to defend Poland in case of invasion by a foreign power.

In 1942, World War II: Battle of Milne Bay, Papua New Guinea.

In 1942 – World War II: second day of the Battle of the Eastern Solomons. A Japanese naval transport convoy headed towards Guadalcanal is turned-back by an Allied air attack, losing one destroyer and one transport sunk, and one light cruiser heavily damaged.

NYT Front PageIn 1944, World War II: Paris is liberated by the Allies.

In 1945, Ten days after World War II ends with Japan announcing its surrender, armed supporters of the Chinese Communist Party kill U.S. intelligence officer John Birch, regarded by some of the American right as the first victim of the Cold War.

In 1948, The House Un-American Activities Committee holds first-ever televised congressional hearing: “Confrontation Day” between Whittaker Chambers and Alger Hiss.

In 1950, President Harry Truman orders the U.S. Army to seize control of the nation’s railroads to avert a strike.

In 1961, President Jânio Quadros of Brazil resigns after just seven months in power.

In 1980, Zimbabwe joins the United Nations.

In 1989, Tadeusz Mazowiecki is chosen as the first non-communist Prime Minister in Central and Eastern Europe.

In 1989, Mayumi Moriyama becomes Japan’s first female cabinet secretary.

In 1981, Voyager 2 spacecraft makes its closest approach to Saturn.

In 1989, Voyager 2 spacecraft makes its closest approach to Neptune, the second to last planet in the Solar System at the time.

In 1991, Belarus gains its independence from the Soviet Union

In 1991, The Airbus A340 aircraft makes its first flight.

In 1991, The Battle of Vukovar begins. An 87-day siege of a Croatian city by the Yugoslav People’s Army (JNA), supported by various Serbian paramilitary forces, between August–November 1991 during the Croatian War of Independence

In 1991, Linus Torvalds announces the first version of what will become Linux.

In 1997, Egon Krenz, the former East German leader, is convicted of a shoot-to-kill policy at the Berlin Wall.

In 2001,  American singer Aaliyah and several members of her record company are killed as their overloaded aircraft crashes shortly after takeoff from Marsh Harbour AirportBahamas.

In 2003, The Tli Cho land claims agreement is signed between the Dogrib First Nations and the Canadian federal government in Rae-Edzo (now called Behchoko).

In 2007, When the truth of the matter hurts. The chairman of the Maury County Commission questioned Thursday the methods a member of the Columbia City Council used to obtain bank statements detailing purchases made by the director of the animal shelter. His comments came during a meeting of a temporary committee created by the County Commission to investigate allegations of problems with finances, customer service and oversight at the Columbia/Maury County Animal Shelter…..

….“I realize that coffee is something that may be customary at the work place, but I don’t think that most county and city offices provide for soft drinks, lunch meat, sandwich bread, etc. for the employees,” City Councilwoman Penny Langley wrote.

In 2012,  Voyager 1 spacecraft enters interstellar space becoming the first man-made object to do so.

In 2017,  Hurricane Harvey makes landfall in Texas as a powerful Category 4 hurricane, the strongest hurricane to make landfall in the United States since 2004. Over the next few days, the storm causes catastrophic flooding throughout much of eastern Texas, killing 106 people and causing $125 billion in damage.

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