August 26th in History

This day in history

August 26 is the 238th day of the year (239th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 127 days remaining until the end of the year.

Holidays

History

In 55, B.C., Julius Caesar invaded Britain. Remains of Roman construction remain in Britain to this day. Julius was the first of a dozen Caesars. The words “kaiser” and “czar” are both alternative forms of the same word and the same title. Julius Caesar NEVER won control of Britain. His first invasion, launched in 55 BC, was a failure and was quickly aborted. He made a second attempt in 54 BC, but made little impression beyond a small area of the south-east of England, and the Romans left almost as soon as they had arrived, in September of 54 BC. Julius never returned.

In 683,  Yazid I‘s army kills 11,000 people of Medina including notable Sahabas in Battle of al-Harrah.

In 1071,  Battle of Manzikert: The Seljuq Turks defeat the Byzantine army at Manzikert.

In 1278,  Ladislaus IV of Hungary and Rudolf I of Germany defeat Ottokar II of Bohemia in the Battle on the Marchfeld near Dürnkrut in (then) Moravia.

In 1303,  Alauddin Khilji captures Chittorgarh.

In 1346,  Hundred Years’ War: The military supremacy of the English longbow over the French combination of crossbow and armoured knights is established at the Battle of Crécy.

In 1444,  Battle of St. Jakob an der Birs: A vastly outnumbered force of Swiss Confederates is defeated by the Dauphin Louis (future Louis XI of France) and his army of ‘Armagnacs’ near Basel.

In 1466,  A conspiracy against Piero di Cosimo de’ Medici in Florence, led by Luca Pitti, is discovered.

In 1498,  Michelangelo is commissioned to carve the Pietà.

In 1542,  Francisco de Orellana navigated the Amazon River, reaching the Atlantic Ocean.

In 1629, Cambridge Agreement pledged. Massachusetts Bay Co. stockholders agreed to emigrate to New England.

In 1748,  The first Lutheran denomination in North America, the Pennsylvania Ministerium, is founded in Philadelphia.

Captainjamescookportrait.jpg

James Cook, portrait by Sir Nathaniel Dance-Holland, c. 1775, National Maritime Museum, Greenwich

In 1768,  Captain James Cook sets sail from England on board HMS Endeavour.

In 1778,  The first recorded ascent of Triglav, the highest mountain in Slovenia.

In 1789,  The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen is approved by the National Constituent Assembly of France.

In 1791,  John Fitch is granted a United States patent for the steamboat.

In 1810,  The former viceroy Santiago de Liniers of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata is executed after the defeat of his counter-revolution.

In 1813,  War of the Sixth Coalition: An impromptu battle takes place when French and Prussian-Russian forces accidentally run into each other near Liegnitz, Prussia (now Legnica, Poland).

In 1814,  Chilean War of Independence: Infighting between the rebel forces of José Miguel Carrera and Bernardo O’Higgins erupts in the Battle of Las Tres Acequias.

In 1821,  The University of Buenos Aires, Argentina, is officially opened.

In 1842, the U.S. Congress established the fiscal year — which begins on July 1st.

In 1847, Liberia was proclaimed an independent republic.

In 1873, The first public school kindergarten in the U.S. was authorized by the school board of St. Louis, MO.

In 1883,  The 1883 eruption of Krakatoa begins its final, paroxysmal, stage.

In 1896, an insurrection began in the Philippines against the Spanish government.

In 1914,  World War I: The German colony of Togoland surrenders to French and British forces after a 20-day campaign.

In 1914,  In Brazil, Sociedade Esportiva Palmeiras is founded.

In 1914,  World War I: During the retreat from Mons, the British II Corps commanded by General Sir Horace Smith-Dorrien fought a vigorous and successful defensive action at Le Cateau.

In 1920,  The 19th amendment to United States Constitution takes effect, giving women the right to vote.

In 1922,  Greco-Turkish War (1919-22): Turkish army launched what has come to be known to the Turks as the “Great Offensive” (Büyük Taarruz). The major Greek defense positions were overrun.

Lon Chaney, Sr. The Miracle Man.jpgIn 1930,  Lon Chaney, American actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1883) dies of a throat hemorrhage on Tuesday, August 26, 1930 in Los Angeles, California. His funeral was held on August 28 in Glendale, California. Honorary pallbearers included Paul Bern, Hunt Stromberg, Irving Thalberg, Louis B. Mayer, Lionel Barrymore, Wallace Beery, Tod Browning, Lew Cody, and Ramon Novarro. The U.S. Marine Corps provided a chaplain and Honor Guard for his funeral. While his funeral was being conducted, all film studios and every office at MGM observed two minutes of silence in his honor. He was an American stage and film actor, director and screenwriter. He is regarded as one of the most versatile and powerful actors of early cinema, renowned for his characterizations of tortured, often grotesque and afflicted characters, and his groundbreaking artistry with makeup. Chaney was known for his starring roles in such silent horror films as The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1923) and The Phantom of the Opera (1925). His ability to transform himself using makeup techniques he developed earned him the nickname “The Man of a Thousand Faces.”

In 1934, Adolf Hitler demanded that France turn over the Saar region to Germany.

In 1937, Japan blockaded all Chinese shipping.

In 1937, Franco’s troops conquer Santander.

In 1940,  Chad becomes the first French colony to join the Allies under the administration of Félix Éboué, France’s first black colonial governor.

In 1942, Japanese troops lands on New-Guinea, Milne Bay.

In 1942, Russian anti offensive begins in Moscow.

In 1942,  The Holocaust in Chortkiav, western Ukraine: At 2.30 am the German Schutzpolizei starts driving Jews out of their houses, divides them into groups of 120, packs them in freight cars and deports 2000 to Bełżec extermination camp. Five hundred of the sick and children are murdered on the spot.

In 1944,  World War II: Charles de Gaulle enters Paris.

In 1945, Japanese envoys boarded the U.S. battleship Missouri to receive surrender instructions at the end of WW II.

In 1946, “Animal Farm” was published by George Orwell.

Babyhuey.JPGIn 1956, THE 1ST “BABY HUEY” COMIC On newsstands: the debut issue (Sept. 1956) of HARVEY comics’ wacky, oversized duck in diapers.

In 1957, The Ford Motor Company rolled out the first Edsel automobile on this day. 110,847 of the cars were built before Ford pulled the plug due to lack of sales and the negative press received about the ugly car. The car was named Edsel for the company founder’s son, Edsel Bryant Ford.

In 1957, the Soviet Union announced it had successfully tested an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM). The communist government was finally capable of a nuclear attack on North America. Time to go ballistic over this!

In 1964, President Lyndon B. Johnson was nominated for a term in office in his own right at the Democratic national convention in Atlantic City, New Jersey.

In 1966,  The Namibian War of Independence starts with the battle at Omugulugwombashe.

In 1970,  The then-new feminist movement, led by Betty Friedan, leads a nationwide Women’s Strike for Equality.

Col Charles Lindbergh.jpgIn 1974,  Charles Lindbergh, American pilot and explorer (b. 1902) dies of lymphoma on August 26, 1974, at age 72. He was buried on the grounds of the Palapala Ho’omau Church in Kipahulu, Maui. His epitaph, on a simple stone following the words “Charles A. Lindbergh Born Michigan 1902 Died Maui 1974”, quotes Psalms 139:9: “… If I take the wings of the morning, and dwell in the uttermost parts of the sea … C.A.L.”

He was nicknamed SlimLucky Lindy, and The Lone Eagle, was an American aviator, author, inventor, military officer, explorer, and social activist. In 1927, at the age of 25, Lindbergh emerged from the virtual obscurity of a U.S. Air Mail pilot to instantaneous world fame as the result of his Orteig Prize-winning solo nonstop flight from Roosevelt Field on Long Island, New York, to Le Bourget Field inParis, France. He flew the distance of nearly 3,600 statute miles (5,800 km) in a single-seat, single-engine, purpose-built Ryan monoplane, Spirit of St. Louis. Lindbergh was the 19th person to make a Transatlantic flight, the first being the Transatlantic flight of Alcock and Brown from Newfoundland in 1919, but Lindbergh’s flight was almost twice the distance. The record-setting flight took 33 12 hours. Lindbergh, a U.S. Army Air Corps Reserve officer, was also awarded the nation’s highest military decoration, the Medal of Honor, for his historic exploit.

In the late 1920s and early 1930s, Lindbergh used his fame to promote the development of both commercial aviation and Air Mail services in the United States and the Americas. In March 1932, his infant son, Charles Jr., was kidnapped and murdered in what was soon dubbed the “Crime of the Century”. It was described by journalist H. L. Mencken as “the biggest story since the resurrection[3] and prompted Congress to make kidnapping a federal crime and give theFederal Bureau of Investigation jurisdiction over such cases. The kidnapping eventually led to the Lindbergh family being “driven into voluntary exile” in Europe, to which they sailed in secrecy from New York under assumed names in late December 1935 to “seek a safe, secluded residence away from the tremendous public hysteria” in America. The Lindberghs returned to the United States in April 1939.

Before the United States formally entered World War II, some accused Lindbergh of being a fascist sympathizer. He supported the isolationist America First movement, which advocated that America remain neutral during the war, as had his father, Congressman Charles August Lindbergh, during World War I. This conflicted with the Franklin Roosevelt administration’s official policy, which sought to protect Britain from a German takeover. Lindbergh subsequently resigned his commission as a colonel in the United States Army Air Forces in April 1941 after being publicly rebuked by President Roosevelt for his isolationist views. Nevertheless, Lindbergh publicly supported the war effort after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and flew 50 combat missions in the Pacific Theater of World War II as a civilian consultant, though President Roosevelt had refused to reinstate his Army Air Corps colonel’s commission. In his later years, Lindbergh became a prolific prize-winning author, international explorer, inventor, and environmentalist.

In 1977,  The Charter of the French Language is adopted by the National Assembly of Quebec

In 1978,  Papal conclave: Albino Luciani is elected as Pope John Paul I.

In 1980,  John Birges plants a bomb at Harvey’s Resort Hotel in Stateline, Nevada, United States, FBI inadvertently detonated the bomb during disarming

In 1987, Sonny Bono decided to run for mayor of Palm Springs, CA. He was quoted as saying, “I’ve never been qualified for anything I’ve done.”

In 1988, Republican presidential nominee George Bush denounced Democrat Michael Dukakis’ criticism of Reagan administration drug policies as “an insult,” one day after the Massachusetts governor had said US dealings with Panamanian General Manuel Noriega were “criminal.”

In 1990, Fifty-five Americans who had been evacuated from the U.S. Embassy in Kuwait left Baghdad by car, headed for the Turkish border.

In 1990, The bodies of two slain college students were found in their off-campus apartment in Gainesville, Florida; three more bodies were discovered in the days that followed, setting off a wave of panic.

In 1991, Soviet Congress disbands government; interim government formed.

In 1992, a federal judge declared a mistrial in the Iran-Contra cover-up trial of former CIA spy chief Clair George (George was later convicted of perjury in a retrial, but was then pardoned by President Bush).

In 1992, The US, Britain and France imposed a “no-fly zone” over the southern one-third of Iraq aimed at protecting Iraqi Shiite Muslims.

In 1992, Two days after devastating southern Florida, Hurricane Andrew slams into Louisiana. Damage is lighter.

In 1993, Sheik Omar Abdel-Rahman and 14 co-defendants entered innocent pleas in federal court in New York, a day after their indictment on charges of conspiring to wage terrorism against the United States.

In 1993, Landlady Dorothea Puente was convicted in Monterey, California, of murdering three of her boardinghouse tenants; she was later sentenced to life without parole.

In 1994, President Clinton signed the Anti-Crime bill into law following the Senate vote of 61-38 in favor.

In 1994, Congressional leaders and White House officials all but conceded that a health reform bill was dead for the year.

In 1995, in his weekly radio address, President Clinton explained his decision to impose a two-year moratorium on mining claims on 4,500 acres of federal land near the northeast corner of Yellowstone National Park, saying the federal land was “more priceless than gold.”

In 1996, Democrats opened their 42nd national convention in Chicago.

In 1996, Barbara Jewell, mother of security guard Richard Jewell, tearfully called on President Clinton to clear her son’s name in connection with the Centennial Olympic Park bombing (Jewell was later cleared by the Justice Department).

In 1997, former South African President F.W. de Klerk, who shared the Nobel Peace Prize for helping to end apartheid, resigned as leader of the party that had created the practice.

In 1997,  Beni Ali massacre in Algeria where 60 to 100 people were killed.

In 1998, Attorney General Janet Reno asked for a 90-day preliminary investigation into alleged campaign fund-raising phone calls Vice President Gore made from the White House. Such calls would violate a 1883 law.

In 1998, William Ritter resigned as a U.S. weapons inspector to Iraq. He said the failure to be more aggressive in the inspections constituted a surrender to the Iraqi leadership.

In 1999,  Russia begins the Second Chechen War in response to the Invasion of Dagestan by the Islamic International Peacekeeping Brigade.

In 1999, Attorney General Janet Reno pledged that a new investigation of the 1993 Waco, Texas, siege would “get to the bottom” of how the FBI used potentially flammable tear gas grenades against her wishes and then took six years to admit it.

In 2011,  The Boeing 787 Dreamliner, Boeing’s all-new composite airliner, receives certification from the EASA and the FAA

In 2013,  Nationwide protests are held across the Philippines over the Priority Development Assistance Fund scam.

In 2015,  Two U.S. journalists are shot and killed by a disgruntled former coworker while conducting a live report in Moneta, Virginia.

In 2017,  The Mercedes-Benz Stadium opens in AtlantaGeorgia, replacing the Georgia Dome that was demolished on November 20.

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